IS OSH * FORECASTING POSSIBLE ?. by J.C. ANDRÉ INRS Scientific Directorate France IPTS – Seville – Spain * Occupational Safety and Health at work. Summary
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by J.C. ANDRÉINRS Scientific Directorate
IPTS – Seville – Spain
* Occupational Safety and Health at work
Efficient prevention technologies are few and far between, and rarely infallible. Account taken of this context, the question that arises, if total resignation is excluded, is one seeking solutions, ways of sharing and mutualisation and, in short, finding ways forward that allow a degree of confidence to be restored between all the actors of work.
In this respect, we need to anticipate more and more on the ways of preservating health and safety of workers : this demand linked to the mission of OSH institutes leads to the development of forecasting activities in order to "think the future" or to project the long term into the present, the rule being to imagine "all" the hypotheses.
Several groups at EU level are involved in this general activity ( French National expertises, PEROSH members, Topic Centre "Risk Observatory" acting for the Bilbao Agency,....).The aims of such projects are encouraging initiative ahead of its time, a carrier of collective changes at work accepted (able) by the social body. This means making the experiment "visible", routing them in professional practices and recreating the vision that they carry.
First results will be presented linked to the analysis of "heavy trends" which can modify the workers environment and which lead to a more holistic approach of the OSH system. But, the author will also present some constraints induced by the nature of the methodology in use ( to a critical retrospective of the prospective !), interdisciplinary and quality of the expertises, weakness of the connections with innovators, return to practices and the work reality,....
and traditional values that have determined a set of
practices and social values… And tomorrow ?
OSH is a representation field of science and technology
used through non excitemental ways, non excluding pro-
cesses, emotional for its trusty return to the world of
work for improving working conditions.
Use of scientific knowledge
OSH Institutes are ETHICAL organizations : association
between knowledge and society leading to a better well
being at work.
Large activation energy in order to go ouside the energy trap
Invisibility from outside of any internal actions
Different situations forms
brake on major changes
Large technological ruptures
Retroactive loop system
Recursive system (e.g. ESB, etc.)
PROBLEM OF TIME BASES / SCHEDULES TO RETAIN THE CONFIDENCE OF THE PARTNERS OF ENTERPRISES
ANTICIPATION SO AS TO REDUCE THE GAPS BETWEEN THE COMPLEX ASPIRATIONS OF SOCIETY AND THE EVOLUTION OF THE FIRM
Social amplification of risks
« manipulable »
The feedback ?
Laboratisation of the World ?
Different steps of translation viewed by the researcher (direct sense)
Search for the key
Selection of the principal key
Variables - themes
(outside forecasting project)
Increase complexity of the world of work
Better knowledge of social perception of risks
Overlapping of fields of interest : work / environment / public health
Paradigm of action breakdown
- from causal to heuristic
- from mastering of risks to precautionary principle
- importance of regulations in the future (from regulation to advice) ?
Increase of anticipation
- « sentinel » network : emerging risks
- prevention at the conception stage
- better association with the world of work
QUESTIONS WHICH HAVE TO BE SOLVED
What form of work will emerge in the future ?
What form of prevention ?
How is the gap between the community and the individual to be narrowed ?
What are the effects of social alienation on occupational risks ?
Long-term effects on health induced by new technologies .
Complexity and multifactoriality ?
How is information which is both easily perceived and informative to be delivered ?
How can confidence in the partners involved in a company be re-established ?
« Knowledge of the real is a light that always shines somewhere in the shadows »