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Sustainable Small Farming & Ranching. Evaluation of Resources. What are the possibilities?. Inventory of Resources. You need to determine what you have… So you can see the possibilities of what you can do. Human Resources, Skills & Interests. Personal (and family) interests

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Presentation Transcript
inventory of resources
Inventory of Resources

You need to determine what you have… So you can see the possibilities of what you can do.

human resources skills interests
Human Resources, Skills & Interests
  • Personal (and family) interests
  • Experience/skills that have prepared you for farming or other small acreage venture.
your financial resources
Your Financial Resources

What you have in mind…

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What you can afford???

understanding your financial resources
Understanding your financial resources

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understanding your financial resources1
Understanding your financial resources

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look at your natural resources
Look at your natural resources
  • Land
  • Vegetation
  • Water
  • Climate

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land resources
Land Resources
  • Soil
    • Soil types, texture
    • Organic matter content
    • pH
  • Vegetation
    • Timber area
    • Weed problem areas

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water resource considerations
Water Resource considerations -
  • Surface water (streams, creeks, or ponds) on your property?
  • Water rights for this surface water?
  • Existing wells –
    • Water capacity?
    • Limitations on amount and type of usage?
climate considerations
Climate considerations
  • Growing season (first and last frost)
  • Minimum winter temperatures (hardiness zone)
  • Precipitation
  • Micro climates
  • Winds
  • Sun – aspect and coverage
climate considerations1
Climate Considerations

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physical resources
Physical Resources
  • Buildings – number, uses, condition
  • Fencing – type, condition
  • Equipment – condition, uses
  • Other??
create a map of your property
Create a map of your property
  • Helps you see the “whole” picture
  • Identifies assets and problem areas
  • Allows you the option to look at different scenarios.
slide16

Legend

Property Map

Acres = 25

Soils = sandy clay loam, silt

Animals: 6 cattle, 1 horse, 3 goats

Well

Grasses present = T. fescue, orchard, clover, bent grass

Trees

Pastures = 1

Weedy

House

Bare ground

Months animals grazed = 9

Weeds present = Canada Thistle, pigweed

Marshy

Barn

Stream

Water trough

Gate

Barn

Barn

Fence

Septic

Manure pile

Provided by Living on the Land, Western SARE PDP

to include on your map
To include on your map
  • Buildings – house, barns, shed, etc
  • Facilities – pastures, fences, wells, septic tanks, power lines, sewer lines, etc
  • Assets – existing vegetation, pastures, streams, ponds, irrigation features
  • Problems – easements, weed areas, etc.
resource evaluation includes knowing legal limitations
Resource evaluation includes knowing legal limitations:
  • Water rights
  • Regulations – federal, state, county, city
  • Zoning
  • Other
state local regulations
State / Local Regulations
  • Health regulations
  • Noxious weed laws
  • Animal issues
  • Nuisance laws
  • Right to farm ordinances
  • Zoning issues

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CSU Extension

zoning issues limit or establish
Zoning Issues limit or establish:
  • The allowed uses for your land
  • The number and type of animals
  • A ratio of building to land
  • Setbacks and/or easements within your zone
other resource considerations
Other Resource Considerations
  • Labor – availability, skills and expertise to contribute, potential sources for contact.
  • Byproducts - If applicable, are there currently waste resources that could be turned to product?
  • Liability -

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market resources
Market Resources
  • Demographics of area
  • Location of market outlets
  • Availability of processing
community resources
Community Resources
  • Extension to help with production and marketing
  • NRCS, Soil & Water Conservation Districts can help with conservation
  • Small Business Development Centers can help with business plans
  • Banks to consider loans
summary
Summary
  • Know what you have before making plans
  • Assess whole farm resources for current and future potential
  • Look at human, financial, natural, physical, market and community resources

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credits
Credits

Presentation developed by Cultivating SuccessTM: Sustainable Small Farms Education.

Photos provided by Cultivating SuccessTM staff, unless otherwise noted.

Video segments taken from:

“Affinity Farm: A Small-Acreage Farm Shares Strategies” produced by Ben Troka, University of Idaho College of Agriculture and Life Sciences. Copywrite 2005, University of Idaho.

“Meadowlark Farm: A Case Study of a Small-Acreage Farm” produced by Ben Troka, University of Idaho College of Agriculture and Life Sciences. Copywrite 2005, University of Idaho.

“Riley Creek Blueberry Farm: A Case Study of a Small-Acreage Farm” produced by Ben Troka, University of Idaho College of Agriculture and Life Sciences. Copywrite 2002, University of Idaho Extension.

“Nothing But Herbs: A Case Study of a Small-Acreage Farm” produced by Ben Troka, University of Idaho College of Agriculture and Life Sciences. Copywrite 2001, University of Idaho Extension.