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Entidade Ecológica Florianopolis-Brasil INCOFISH – WP 10 Fishing in the costal zone of Brazil By Mauro Figueiredo. Costal Zone in the Brazilian constitution. It is considered a national patrimony
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INCOFISH – WP 10
Fishing in the costal zone of Brazil
By Mauro Figueiredo
Ø The Brazilian coastal zone, considered a national patrimony by the Constitution of 1988, corresponds to the geographic space of interaction of air, sea and land, including its resources, renewable or not, encompassing a maritime portion and a terrestrial portion, with the following limits:
The maritime portion: the space that extends for 12 nautical miles, measured from the base lines, thus including the totality of the territorial sea;
Land portion: the space composed of the limits of the Municipalities that suffer direct influence of the phenomena occurring in the coastal zone.
 Federal Decree 5.300 of December 7, 2004 - National Coastal Management Plan
ØTo issue licenses, permissions and authorizations for the exercise of commercial and cottage fishing and aquiculture in the fishing grounds in national territory, including the continental and interior waters and the territorial sea of the Continental Shelf, the Exclusive Economic Zone, adjacent areas and international waters for the capture of:
a) highly migratory species, according to the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, with the exception of marine mammals;
b) under or non-exploited species;
c) overexploited species or those threatened with overexploitation, observing the dispositions of § 6o of art. 27;Institutional and Organizational Structure
According to the Convention on Biological Diversity
"Protected area" means a geographically defined area which is designated or regulated and managed to achieve specificconservation objectives
The term that more fits the definition of protected Areas by the convention of biodiversity is – Consevation Unites (Unidades de Conservação)
The law that implements this article is law #9985/00 that establishes the National System of Conservation Unities - SNUC
The UC’s must have a Support Zone. Except APA’s and RPPN’s
UC’s that form a network must be administered in an integrated and participatory manner.
MANAGEMENT OF THE UC’s
The UC’s must have a management plan.
The management plan must include the area of the UC, it’s support zone and ecological corridors, including also strategies to promote it’s integration into the economic and social life of the neighboring communities.
The UC’s can be managed by the government and/or public interest NGO’s.
The UC’s must have a consulting or deliberative board. Depending on the category.