Church History. The First Century – Conflicts With Judaism & With Rome. Law vs. Grace Clean / Unclean Circumcision Sabbath Gentiles Angels vs. Christ Temple Worship Sacrifices Holy Spirit vs Tradition “Jacob’s Ladder Spirituality”. Conflicts With Judaism.
The First Century – Conflicts With Judaism & With Rome
Justification is not by law-keeping but by faith in Jesus Christ alone (Romans chapters 3-8, Galatians)
Jesus touched many unclean things and was not defiled by them (dead bodies, lepers, woman with an issue of blood etc)
The Jews had an understanding of spirituality as vertical and that you proceeded upward one step at a time toward heaven.
Many Jewish Christians insisted that Gentiles Christians be circumcised as part of entering into the blessings of Abraham
The Sabbath was the Jewish day of rest and was strictly observed by the Jews as part of the Ten Commandments
The Gentiles were seen as so sinful that it was ‘not possible’ for them to become Christians
In the Jewish view the Law was infallible because it was delivered through angels and was mediated by them (Acts 7:25, Hebrews 2)
Acts 7:48, 17:24…God does not dwell in temples made with human hands. First said to the Jews, then to the Greeks.
Jesus was the ‘once for all’ sacrifice – for all people, for all time… (Hebrews 7:27, 9:12, 10:10)
In the NT the Holy Spirit replaces law and tradition as the inner guidance of the believer