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AgrAbility: Utility Vehicles. John Hancock, MS Project Director – Kentucky AgrAbility Barney Fleming, PhD, ATP Rehabilitation Engineer – Kentucky AgrAbility Jeff Richie, MA, CRC Rehabilitation Technologist - Kentucky Office of Vocational Rehabilitation Kathy Sheppard-Jones, PhD, CRC

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agrability utility vehicles
AgrAbility: Utility Vehicles

John Hancock, MS

Project Director – Kentucky AgrAbility

Barney Fleming, PhD, ATP

Rehabilitation Engineer – Kentucky AgrAbility

Jeff Richie, MA, CRC

Rehabilitation Technologist - Kentucky Office of

Vocational Rehabilitation

Kathy Sheppard-Jones, PhD, CRC

Training Coordinator - Kentucky AgrAbility

Kentucky AgrAbility and Interdisciplinary Human Development Institute University of Kentucky

slide2
AgrAbilityPromoting Success in Agriculture for People with Disabilities and Their FamiliesUtility Vehicles

This course will provide an introduction to the use and selection of utility vehicles to

enhance mobility

Kentucky AgrAbility and Interdisciplinary Human Development Institute University of Kentucky

agrability utility vehicles3
AgrAbility- Utility Vehicles
  • Utility Vehicle -  a motor vehicle that is
  • designed for off road use
  • powered by an engine of no more than 25 horsepower, and
  • used for general agricultural, horticultural, maintenance, or security purposes

“Cross” between a golf cart and an ATV

Kentucky AgrAbility and Interdisciplinary Human Development Institute University of Kentucky

agrability
AgrAbility
  • Utility Vehicle Features / Accessories
  • with or without cab
  • 2 or 4-wheel-drive
  • recreation or work
  • attachments
  • transmission
  • seat height and location - access
  • hand controls, steering aids
  • specialized or custom seating
  • safety - operator age, roll bar, seat belt, muffler location (burns), lights, mirrors
  • funding and vendors - same as tractors and combines

Kentucky AgrAbility and Interdisciplinary Human Development Institute University of Kentucky

agrability5
AgrAbility
  • All-Terrain Vehicles - ATVs
  • hand controls, steering aids
  • specialized or custom seating
  • safety - operator age, roll bar, seat belt, muffler location (burns)

Thumb assist

Kentucky AgrAbility and Interdisciplinary Human Development Institute University of Kentucky

agrability6
AgrAbility

Ventrac

Limited terrain – low frame clearance

Kentucky AgrAbility and Interdisciplinary Human Development Institute University of Kentucky

agrability7
AgrAbility
  • Golf Cars
    • Advantages
    • inexpensive alternative vehicle for transportation
    • adapted for hand controls
    • some have 4-wheel drive
    • powered by electric or gas (phase out)
    • easy access
    • easy maintenance
    • some have long range
    • E-Z Go is 4WD with Honda motor

Kentucky AgrAbility and Interdisciplinary Human Development Institute University of Kentucky

slide8

AgrAbility

Golf Cars - Continued

Disadvantages

  • not much good for work applications
  • limited operation on rough terrain - not good on rough terrain
  • choke placement
  • shifter placement
  • don’t tow with a golf car!!!!

Kentucky AgrAbility and Interdisciplinary Human Development Institute University of Kentucky

agrability utility vehicles9
AgrAbility- Utility Vehicles
  • The utility vehicle market is growing rapidly
    • At least 18 companies manufacture and market utility vehicles (next slides)
  • For existing manufacturers, they are continually honing their models to meet customers' needs.
  • Each utility vehicle offers a variety of features to suit specific requirements.
  • Questions: What will the vehicle be used for? Are attachments important? Safety – ROPS and seat belts? Accessibility and usability? Ease of adapting? Etc…

Kentucky AgrAbility and Interdisciplinary Human Development Institute University of Kentucky

agrability utility vehicles10
AgrAbility- Utility Vehicles

Bobcat - Toolcat

Sarasota 1000 - Bombardier

Trail Hand - Bush Hog

XRT 1200SE - Club Car

Kentucky AgrAbility and Interdisciplinary Human Development Institute University of Kentucky

agrability utility vehicles11
AgrAbility- Utility Vehicles

Big Country - Cub Cadet

E-Z-Go Trail UV - Textron

Gator - John Deere

Mule - Kawasaki

Kentucky AgrAbility and Interdisciplinary Human Development Institute University of Kentucky

agrability utility vehicles12
AgrAbility- Utility Vehicles

Hauler - Kimball

Raptor - Koyker

RTV900 - Kubota

Treker - Land Pride

Kentucky AgrAbility and Interdisciplinary Human Development Institute University of Kentucky

agrability utility vehicles13
AgrAbility- Utility Vehicles

Ranger – Polaris

Back Forty - Pug

Turf Grounds Cruiser - Snapper

Q.U.V. 620 - Suzuki

Kentucky AgrAbility and Interdisciplinary Human Development Institute University of Kentucky

agrability utility vehicles14
AgrAbility- Utility Vehicles

Twister 1600 - Toro

Rhino 4x4 -Yamaha

Kentucky AgrAbility and Interdisciplinary Human Development Institute University of Kentucky

slide15

AgrAbility- Utility VehiclesHand Controls

John Deere Gator adapted with a hand control for a C5-6 SCI - Sure Grip operating handle is in the vertical position

Kentucky AgrAbility and Interdisciplinary Human Development Institute University of Kentucky

agrability utility vehicles hand controls
AgrAbility- Utility VehiclesHand Controls

Can use standard manufactured hand controls (MPS) on Kawasaki Mule and Kubota RTV900 – demo on video and later slides

Kentucky AgrAbility and Interdisciplinary Human Development Institute University of Kentucky

agrability utility vehicles hand controls17
AgrAbility- Utility VehiclesHand Controls
  • Georgia Tech Senior Engineering Design Project - 2004
  • Design for John Deere Gator comprised of three main subsections:
    • Brake handle - provides the user with mechanical advantage with which to operate brake
    • Brake clamp - stabilizes brake handle
    • Gas clamp - activates gas through tension on cable

Kentucky AgrAbility and Interdisciplinary Human Development Institute University of Kentucky

agrability utility vehicles seat lifts
AgrAbility- Utility VehiclesSeat Lifts

Seat lifts on Kawasaki Mules

Kentucky AgrAbility and Interdisciplinary Human Development Institute University of Kentucky

agrability utility vehicles wheelchair lifts and storage
AgrAbility- Utility VehiclesWheelchair Lifts and Storage

Bruno Outrider

Wheelchair Hoist

Stow Wheelchair in Bed

or on driver side

Kentucky AgrAbility and Interdisciplinary Human Development Institute University of Kentucky

agrability utility vehicles wheelchair lifts and storage20
AgrAbility- Utility VehiclesWheelchair Lifts and Storage

Univ of Massachusetts Senior Engineering Design Project - 2004

- wheelchair lift and storage device for the John Deere Gator

Kentucky AgrAbility and Interdisciplinary Human Development Institute University of Kentucky

agrability utility vehicles adapting seats
AgrAbility- Utility VehiclesAdapting Seats

Swivel Seat in Gator

facilitates transfer from wheelchair into vehicle

Nascar-style restraint harness in Mule

www.simpsonraceproducts.com/

Kentucky AgrAbility and Interdisciplinary Human Development Institute University of Kentucky

agrability utility vehicles specialized uses
AgrAbility- Utility VehiclesSpecialized Uses

Steep sloping terrain and consumer with limited mobility – working from vehicle

Hoist attached to bed of Mule for hauling bee hives

Kentucky AgrAbility and Interdisciplinary Human Development Institute University of Kentucky

slide23

AgrAbility- Utility VehiclesSpecialized Uses – A Small Aside

Skid Steer Loaders

  • Some users can transfer onto the scoop and into the cab
  • Scoop can be removed easily (quick attach bucket)
  • Operator can select foot or hand control
  • Allows for different operators to use the same vehicle
  • JCB – side entry loader enables transfer over tires

Kentucky AgrAbility and Interdisciplinary Human Development Institute University of Kentucky

slide24

AgrAbility- Utility Vehicles

Matthew

Kawasaki Mule 610

Kentucky AgrAbility and Interdisciplinary Human Development Institute University of Kentucky

slide25

AgrAbility- Utility Vehicles

Matthew – Continued

Hand Controls

Kentucky AgrAbility and Interdisciplinary Human Development Institute University of Kentucky

slide26

AgrAbility- Utility Vehicles

Roger

Kawasaki Mule

Kentucky AgrAbility and Interdisciplinary Human Development Institute University of Kentucky

agrability utility vehicles safety issues
AgrAbility - Utility VehiclesSafety Issues
  • Lights
    • should have front, rear and running lights
    • usually not sufficient when operating in dark conditions; consider add-ons – best to locate on roll bar
    • consider amp and alternator capacity and battery when operating at idle speeds – consider 2nd battery
  • Mirrors – critical for safe operation – add-ons for rear view and side view
  • Grab bar – cross piece typically found on passenger side will make a big difference if installed on driver side

Kentucky AgrAbility and Interdisciplinary Human Development Institute University of Kentucky

agrability utility vehicles28
AgrAbility- Utility Vehicles
  • Utility Vehicle (UV) Product Comparison Data Gathering Tool
  • Data needed to properly select vehicle
  • http://www.agrabilityproject.org/assistivetech/comparison/utilityvehicles/index.cfm (data posted on 10 vehicles)
  • 10 categories of features/specifications pertaining to the UV
  • Quantitative measurements
    • Human Factors (reach/work envelope, operating forces)
    • Accessibility (e.g. ease of transfer)
  • Descriptive information
    • Accessibility (obstacles to enter/exit, transfer, etc)

Kentucky AgrAbility and Interdisciplinary Human Development Institute University of Kentucky

agrability utility vehicles product comparison data
AgrAbility- Utility VehiclesProduct Comparison Data
  • Seating
  • Height to ground
  • Seat depth
  • Back Height
  • Seat-back angle
  • Adjustable
  • Knee clearance
  • Cushion or custom
  • Removable - drive from WC?
  • Arm rests
  • Hip restraint rails – transfers
  • Seat belt/shoulder harness
  • Head rest

Kentucky AgrAbility and Interdisciplinary Human Development Institute University of Kentucky

agrability utility vehicles product comparison data30
AgrAbility- Utility VehiclesProduct Comparison Data
  • Steering
  • Telescope / Tilt
  • Availability of alternative wheel
  • Minimum turning radius
  • Steering torque (in-lbs)
  • Power steering
  • Controls
  • Ignition switch - location, direction of turning, relocatable
  • Can key be turned on from outside vehicle?
  • Shift lever – location, force required and distance
  • Parking brake – type (lever arm, thumb button),

force required, relocatable

  • Rear view mirrors

Kentucky AgrAbility and Interdisciplinary Human Development Institute University of Kentucky

agrability utility vehicles product comparison data31
AgrAbility- Utility VehiclesProduct Comparison Data
  • Gauges / Electrical
  • Available gauges: fuel, oil pressure, temp, voltage
  • Accessible/viewable from operator position
  • Capacity of alternator and battery
  • Lights – head, rear, rear brake, turn signals
  • 12 volt electrical plugs
  • Cooling fan engage at idle/low speed
  • Maintenance
  • Schedule
  • Routine maintenance performed from seated position?

Kentucky AgrAbility and Interdisciplinary Human Development Institute University of Kentucky

agrability utility vehicles product comparison data32
AgrAbility- Utility VehiclesProduct Comparison Data
  • Floor area for operator
  • Interference with entrance or exit - foot plates, restraints or side panel
  • Describe area around where the feet rest
  • Measure free floor space
  • If hand controls were attached to floor pedals – effect on leg area

Kentucky AgrAbility and Interdisciplinary Human Development Institute University of Kentucky

agrability utility vehicles product comparison data33
AgrAbility- Utility VehiclesProduct Comparison Data
  • Dump/Cargo Bed and Hitch
  • Dump bed height/range of height
  • Powered-dump, manual dump, and/or have a locking mechanism
  • If chair lift is added, how much of the dump bed is removed
  • Height of the hitch
  • Type of hitch offered as standard equipment

Kentucky AgrAbility and Interdisciplinary Human Development Institute University of Kentucky

agrability utility vehicles product comparison data34
AgrAbility- Utility VehiclesProduct Comparison Data
  • Tires/Clearance/Suspension
  • Standard size tire
  • Largest and smallest sized tires offered
  • Smallest and largest diameters and tread widths
  • Tread designs
  • “True” ground clearance
  • Type of suspension system and is it rider or “load capacity” adjustable

Kentucky AgrAbility and Interdisciplinary Human Development Institute University of Kentucky

agrability utility vehicles product comparison data35
AgrAbility- Utility VehiclesProduct Comparison Data
  • ROPS (Roll Over Protective Structure) / Cab
  • Is a ROPS offered?
  • Is ROPS certified, and for how much weight?
  • Offer a cab or other environmentally protective structure?
  • Cab - heat and/or air conditioning
  • Others
  • Powered by gas, electric, diesel
  • How many dealerships (or places to get parts/service)?

Kentucky AgrAbility and Interdisciplinary Human Development Institute University of Kentucky

a few resources
A Few Resources
  • National AgrAbility Resource Documents on Utility Vehicles - http://www.agrabilityproject.org/assistivetech/
  • Northern Tool & Equipment – add on accessories http://www.northerntool.com/

800-221-0516 request “Master Catalog”

  • Mobility Products and Design – hand controls for non-titled vehicles - http://www.mobilityproductsdesign.com/
  • Triple Crown Golf Cars - custom hand controls for golf cars - http://www.triplecrowngolfcars.com/

Kentucky AgrAbility and Interdisciplinary Human Development Institute University of Kentucky

contact us
Contact Us

Kentucky AgrAbility800-333-2814 ces.ca.uky.edu/agrability

  • John Hancock 859-257-1845 - jhancock@uky.edu
  • Jeff Ritchie 606-783-1527 - jeffreym.ritchie@ky.gov
  • Barney Fleming 859-257-7225 - bflemin@uky.edu
  • Kathy Sheppard-Jones 859-257-8104 - kjone@uky.edu

Kentucky AgrAbility and Interdisciplinary Human Development Institute University of Kentucky

slide38

Thanks for Your Attention!

Kentucky AgrAbility and Interdisciplinary Human Development Institute University of Kentucky