Compound and Complex Sentences A brief review
Complex Sentences Complex sentences have one independent and one or more dependent clauses. Dependent clauses are introduced by subordinators.
Common subordinators Time when while as soon as whenever before after
More Subordinators • ContrastCause • Although Since • Even though Because • while
Examples • 1. After the sun dipped below the horizon, the clouds began to turn pink and purple. • 2. Plants are important because they turn the sun’s energy into food. • 3. As soon as Claudia finished her test, she met her friends in the cafeteria.
Compound Sentences • II. Compound sentences have two or more independent clauses connected by a coordinate conjunction or a transition word.
Coordinate conjunctions • The coordinate conjunctions are: and , but , so, yet, for, nor, or.
Examples • It was a cold , rainy , windy day, but we decided to go to the beach. • Martin wanted to learn new skills and get a better job, so he decided to come to college.
Common Transition words • However in addition • Nevertheless furthermore • Therefore moreover • Consequently for example • As a result indeed
Examples • My neighbors were not able to pay their mortgage; as a result, they had to sell their house. • San Francisco is a beautiful, exciting city;however, it is a very expensive place to live.