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Inorganic Nomenclature - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Inorganic Nomenclature. Ions. atoms or groups of atoms that have gained or lost electrons. cation -- positive ion anion -- negative ion. Ionic Compounds.

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Presentation Transcript
slide2
Ions
  • atoms or groups of atoms that have gained or lost electrons.
  • cation -- positive ion
  • anion -- negative ion
ionic compounds
Ionic Compounds
  • Neutral compounds which are formed when anions and cations come together in ratios that balance the positive and negative charges. (Form formula units)
formula unit
Formula Unit
  • The smallest representative unit of an ionic compound.
common monatomic ions
Common monatomic ions
  • H+
  • Li+ Be+2 N-3 O-2 F-
  • Na+ Mg+2 Al+3 P-3 S-2 Cl-
  • K+ Ca+2 Zn+2 As-3 Se-2 Br-
  • Rb+ Sr+2 Ag+ Cd+2 Te-2 I-
  • Cs+ Ra+2
cation names element name
Cation names = element name
  • Na+ sodium ion
  • Ca2+ calcium ion
  • Co3+ cobalt(III) ion
  • Co2+ cobalt(II) ion
          • for transition metals or other metals with variable oxidation states use roman numerals to designate charge.
anion names elementide ion
Anion names = elementide ion
  • N3- nitrogen  nitride ion
  • O2- oxygen  oxide ion
  • S2- sulfur  sulfide ion
  • Cl- chlorine  chloride ion
compound formation
Compound formation
  • Ions will combine in such a way as to neutralize charges
latin names for cations
Latin names for cations
  • Copper(I) = cuprous = Cu+
  • Copper(II) = cupric = Cu+2
  • Iron(II) = ferrous = Fe+2
  • Iron(III) = ferric Fe+3
  • Tin(II) = stannous = Sn+2
  • Tin(IV) = stannic = Sn+4
name to formula
Name to Formula
  • Chromium(II)chloride
  • Cadmium nitride
  • Potassium bromide
  • Cuprous sulfide
  • Silver oxide
name to formula1
Name to Formula
  • Chromium(II)chloride - CrCl2
  • Cadmium nitride - Cd3N2
  • Potassium bromide - KBr
  • Cuprous sulfide - Cu2S
  • Silver oxide - Ag2O
formula to name
Formula to Name
  • Na3N
  • FeCl3
  • Ca3P2
  • CdO
  • LiI
formula to name1
Formula to Name
  • Na3N - sodium nitride
  • FeCl3 - iron(III) chloride
  • Ca3P2 - calcium phosphide
  • CdO - cadmium oxide
  • LiI - lithium iodide
binary covalent compounds
Binary covalent compounds
  • mono 1 hexa 6
  • di 2 hepta 7
  • tri 3 octa 8
  • tetra 4 nona 9
  • penta 5 deca 10
slide23
CO2 carbon dioxide
  • CO
  • NO
  • SO2
  • PCl5
  • Br3O8
  • N2O
  • Sb2S5
slide24
CO2 carbon dioxide
  • CO carbon monoxide
  • NO
  • SO2
  • PCl5
  • Br3O8
  • N2O
  • Sb2S5
slide25
CO2 carbon dioxide
  • CO carbon monoxide
  • NO nitrogen monoxide
  • SO2
  • PCl5
  • Br3O8
  • N2O
  • Sb2S5
slide26
CO2 carbon dioxide
  • CO carbon monoxide
  • NO nitrogen monoxide
  • SO2 sulfur dioxide
  • PCl5
  • Br3O8
  • N2O
  • Sb2S5
slide27
CO2 carbon dioxide
  • CO carbon monoxide
  • NO nitrogen monoxide
  • SO2 sulfur dioxide
  • PCl5 phosphorous pentachloride
  • Br3O8
  • N2O
  • Sb2S5
slide28
CO2 carbon dioxide
  • CO carbon monoxide
  • NO nitrogen monoxide
  • SO2 sulfur dioxide
  • PCl5phosphorous pentachloride
  • Br3O8 tribromine octaoxide
  • N2O
  • Sb2S5
slide29
CO2 carbon dioxide
  • CO carbon monoxide
  • NO nitrogen monoxide
  • SO2 sulfur dioxide
  • PCl5phosphorous pentachloride
  • Br3O8 tribromine octaoxide
  • N2O dinitrogen oxide
  • Sb2S5
slide30
CO2 carbon dioxide
  • CO carbon monoxide
  • NO nitrogen monoxide
  • SO2 sulfur dioxide
  • PCl5phosphorous pentachloride
  • Br3O8 tribromine octaoxide
  • N2O dinitrogen oxide
  • Sb2S5 diantimony pentasulfide
ternary ate anions
Ternary “ate” anions
  • Ions inside Mississippi
      • contain 4 oxygen atoms.
  • Ions outside Mississippi
      • contain 3 oxygen atoms
  • look at charge trends
formula to name2
Formula to name
  • Ca(ClO3)2 -
  • Na2SO4 -
  • Mg3(PO4)2 -
  • Al(BrO3)3 -
formula to name3
Formula to name
  • Ca(ClO3)2 - calcium chlorate
  • Na2SO4 -
  • Mg3(PO4)2 -
  • Al(BrO3)3 -
formula to name4
Formula to name
  • Ca(ClO3)2 - calcium chlorate
  • Na2SO4 - sodium sulfate
  • Mg3(PO4)2 -
  • Al(BrO3)3 -
formula to name5
Formula to name
  • Ca(ClO3)2 - calcium chlorate
  • Na2SO4 - sodium sulfate
  • Mg3(PO4)2 - magnesium phosphate
  • Al(BrO3)3 -
formula to name6
Formula to name
  • Ca(ClO3)2 - calcium chlorate
  • Na2SO4 - sodium sulfate
  • Mg3(PO4)2 - magnesium phosphate
  • Al(BrO3)3 - aluminum bromate
name to formula2
Name to formula
  • lithium selenate -
  • potassium iodate -
  • aluminum carbonate -
  • calcium borate -
  • cuprous sulfate -
name to formula3
Name to formula
  • lithium selenate - Li2SeO4
  • potassium iodate -
  • aluminum carbonate -
  • calcium borate -
  • cuprous sulfate -
name to formula4
Name to formula
  • lithium selenate - Li2SeO4
  • potassium iodate - KIO3
  • aluminum carbonate -
  • calcium borate -
  • cuprous sulfate -
name to formula5
Name to formula
  • lithium selenate - Li2SeO4
  • potassium iodate - KIO3
  • aluminum carbonate - Al2(CO3)3
  • calcium borate -
  • cuprous sulfate -
name to formula6
Name to formula
  • lithium selenate - Li2SeO4
  • potassium iodate - KIO3
  • aluminum carbonate - Al2(CO3)3
  • calcium borate - Ca3(BO3)2
  • cuprous sulfate -
name to formula7
Name to formula
  • lithium selenate - Li2SeO4
  • potassium iodate - KIO3
  • aluminum carbonate - Al2(CO3)3
  • calcium borate - Ca3(BO3)2
  • cuprous sulfate - Cu2SO4
ternary ite ions
Ternary “ite” ions
  • “Ite” ions = “ate” ions less 1 oxygen
  • all else remains the same
formula to name7
Formula to name
  • K3PO3 -
  • Mg3(BO3)2 -
  • Al(ClO2)3 -
  • Fe(IO3)3 -
formula to name8
Formula to name
  • K3PO3 - potassium phosphite
  • Mg3(BO3)2 -
  • Al(ClO2)3 -
  • Fe(IO3)3 -
formula to name9
Formula to name
  • K3PO3 - potassium phosphite
  • Mg3(BO3)2 - magnesium borate
  • Al(ClO2)3 -
  • Fe(IO3)3 -
formula to name10
Formula to name
  • K3PO3 - potassium phosphite
  • Mg3(BO3)2 - magnesium borate
  • Al(ClO2)3 - aluminum chlorite
  • Fe(IO3)3 -
formula to name11
Formula to name
  • K3PO3 - potassium phosphite
  • Mg3(BO3)2 - magnesium borate
  • Al(ClO2)3 - aluminum chlorite
  • Fe(IO3)3 - ferric iodate or iron(III) iodate
name to formula8
Name to formula
  • Strontium sulfite -
  • Beryllium carbonate -
  • Aluminum oxide -
  • Lithium nitrite -
  • Chromium(III)sulfate -
name to formula9
Name to formula
  • Strontium sulfite - SrSO3
  • Beryllium carbonate -
  • Aluminum oxide -
  • Lithium nitrite -
  • Chromium(III)sulfate -
name to formula10
Name to formula
  • Strontium sulfite - SrSO3
  • Beryllium carbonate - BeCO3
  • Aluminum oxide -
  • Lithium nitrite -
  • Chromium(III)sulfate -
name to formula11
Name to formula
  • Strontium sulfite - SrSO3
  • Beryllium carbonate - BeCO3
  • Aluminum oxide - Al2O3
  • Lithium nitrite -
  • Chromium(III)sulfate -
name to formula12
Name to formula
  • Strontium sulfite - SrSO3
  • Beryllium carbonate - BeCO3
  • Aluminum oxide - Al2O3
  • Lithium nitrite - LiNO2
  • Chromium(III)sulfate -
name to formula13
Name to formula
  • Strontium sulfite - SrSO3
  • Beryllium carbonate - BeCO3
  • Aluminum oxide - Al2O3
  • Lithium nitrite - LiNO2
  • Chromium(III)sulfate - Cr2(SO4)3
hypo ites and per ates
“Hypo--ites” and “per--ates”
  • Hypo -- ite = ite - 1 oxygen
  • Per -- ate = ate + 1 oxygen
    • perchlorate ClO4-1
    • chlorate ClO3-1
    • chlorite ClO2-1
    • hypochlorite ClO-1
ions to memorize
Ions to memorize
  • ammonium NH4+1
  • acetate C2H3O2-1
  • hydroxide OH-1
  • cyanide CN-1
  • permanganate MnO4-1
formula to name12
Formula to name
  • NaBrO -
  • Cr(OH)2 -
  • (NH4)2SO3 -
  • LiIO4 -
  • Mg(ClO3)2 -
formula to name13
Formula to name
  • NaBrO - sodium hypobromite
  • Cr(OH)2 -
  • (NH4)2SO3 -
  • LiIO4 -
  • Mg(ClO3)2 -
formula to name14
Formula to name
  • NaBrO - sodium hypobromite
  • Cr(OH)2 - chromium(II) hydroxide
  • (NH4)2SO3 -
  • LiIO4 -
  • Mg(ClO3)2-
formula to name15
Formula to name
  • NaBrO - sodium hypobromite
  • Cr(OH)2 - chromium(II) hydroxide
  • (NH4)2SO3 - ammonium sulfite
  • LiIO4 -
  • Mg(ClO3)2 -
formula to name16
Formula to name
  • NaBrO - sodium hypobromite
  • Cr(OH)2 - chromium(II) hydroxide
  • (NH4)2SO3 - ammonium sulfite
  • LiIO4 - lithium periodate
  • Mg(ClO3)2 -
formula to name17
Formula to name
  • NaBrO - sodium hypobromite
  • Cr(OH)2 - chromium(II) hydroxide
  • (NH4)2SO3 - ammonium sulfite
  • LiIO4 - lithium periodate
  • Mg(ClO3)2 - magnesium chlorate
name to formula14
Name to formula
  • Ferric perbromate -
  • calcium permanganate -
  • ammonium cyanide -
  • cobalt(II)hypochlorite -
name to formula15
Name to formula
  • Ferric perbromate - Fe(BrO4)3
  • calcium permanganate -
  • ammonium cyanide -
  • cobalt(II)hypochlorite -
name to formula16
Name to formula
  • Ferric perbromate - Fe(BrO4)3
  • calcium permanganate -Ca(MnO4)2
  • ammonium cyanide -
  • cobalt(II)hypochlorite -
name to formula17
Name to formula
  • Ferric perbromate - Fe(BrO4)3
  • calcium permanganate -Ca(MnO4)2
  • ammonium cyanide - NH4CN
  • cobalt(II)hypochlorite -
name to formula18
Name to formula
  • Ferric perbromate - Fe(BrO4)3
  • calcium permanganate -Ca(MnO4)2
  • ammonium cyanide - NH4CN
  • cobalt(II)hypochlorite - Co(ClO)2
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