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STRATEGIC PLANNING IN LITHUANIA. Kestutis Rekerta Strategic Planning Division , Government Office of Lithuania. World Bank Workshop, Bratislava, September 6, 2006. Factors that determined the introduction of strategic planning. P oor state financial situation in 1997-1999

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Kestutis Rekerta

Strategic Planning Division, Government Office of Lithuania

World Bank Workshop, Bratislava, September 6, 2006


Factors that determined the introduction of strategic planning

  • Poor state financial situation in 1997-1999
    • current account deficit – 12 %
    • fiscal deficit – 11 % in 1997
    • Government stock interest rate - 12–14 %
  • International public sector development trends
    • New Public Management – UK, USA, New Zealand, Canada, Sweden, etc.
    • strategic planning (management) as a way to manage performance and finance
  • Support of the Canadian Government
    • negotiations regarding Canada-Lithuania Public Administration Reform Project

started in 1997-1998

today s situation
Today‘s situation
  • The annual government deficit 0, 5 % GDP in 2005 (convergence criteria 3 %)
  • Government debt 18, 8 % GDP in 2005 (convergence criteria 60 %)
  • Inflation rate 2, 7 % in April 2006 (convergence criteria 2, 6 %)
  • Government long-term interest rates 3, 8 % (convergence criteria 6%)
  • Participation in new exchange-rate mechanism (ERM II) from 2004
  • Country’s credit rating is A (Standard and Poor’s 15 June 2006)
canada lithuania par project 1998 2003
Canada-Lithuania PAR project(1998-2003)
  • Project objectives:

1. To introduce a strategic planning model across government 2. To improve the Government’s decision-making system

  • Canadian project participants:Ontario Cabinet Office, Prime Minister’s Office,Ontario Public Service, Canadian Institute of Public Administration
  • Lithuanian project participantsGovernment Office, Prime Minister’s Advisers, ministries, Government Agencies and other public sector organisations
reform stages
Reform stages
  • 1999-2002: implementation of strategic planning
    • 1999 – pilot projects in 5 ministries
    • 2000 and later – budgeting process follows the principles of strategic planning and program budgeting acros all public institutions
  • 2003-2004: implementation of impact assessment
    • up to 2003 – positive and negative impacts on the society is assessed of only those proposals submitted to the Strategic Planning Committee
    • since 2003 – impact of all Government proposals is assessed following the recommendations of the impact assessment manual
main accomplishments 1
Main accomplishments (1)
  • Strategic planning as a planning and management tool is institutionalised in the following documents:
    • Law on Government
    • Law on budget
    • Procedures for the preparation and implementation of state and local government budgets
    • Annual budget formation calendar
    • Strategic planning manual
main accomplishments 2
Main accomplishments (2)
  • Cabinet Strategic Planning Committee established and functioning
  • Strategic planning manual approved in 2000 (revised in 2002 and 2004), obligatory for all appropriation managers and recommended to the municipalities
  • Ministry and Government Agency strategic activity plans approved by the Government beginning 2001
  • Ministry strategic activity plans published (on the Internet) and available to society
  • Procedures for the monitoring of program implementation approved in 2001; institutions report for the implementation of tasks foreseen in the plans

Main accomplishments (3)

  • New reporting requirements approved in 2002; institutions report on the progress achieved implementing strategic activity plans
  • 2002 budget accounts report submitted together with performance measures and allowed to compare planned and achieved results
  • Strategic planning working group established and headed by the Government Chancellor; its mandate is to improve strategic planning process
  • Long-term state development strategy approved by Parliament in 2002
  • Commission for the monitoring of the implementation of Long-term state development strategy established in 2003
  • Impact assessment manual approved in 2003; obligatory for all proposals submitted to the Government

Main accomplishments (4)

  • Ministries, Government Agencies and counties established Internal audit units; Internal audit guidelines approved by the minister of finance
  • Since 2004 Internal audit units are being established in municipalities
  • Municipalities started to implement strategic planning into their activity and apply the approved manual
the structure integrated planning and budgeting



Strategic Planning






Planning Unit

Line Ministries

The Structure:Integrated Planning and Budgeting

Ministry Strategic Planning Process

Ministry Planning

ministry mission

Ministry strategies achieve mission and goals, and address potential risks

ministry strategic goals


Government’s strategic priorities contribute to ministry mission and goals

program goals



Ministry strategic planning group, internal auditors


Achieving Results:

Performance Measures

the model integrated planning and budgeting

Set Government Strategic Priorities

Evaluate Results,

Review Strategies & Environmental Scan

Set Fiscal Strategy,

Set Ministry

Planning Allocations


Review Macroeconomic &

Fiscal Indicators;

Update Fiscal Plan

Approve Ministry

Strategic Activity


Monitor Legislation

& Budgets; Adjust If Required

Approve Draft Budget,

Approve Legislative Program

The Model: Integrated Planning and Budgeting

Integrated Planning Model

  • Fiscal Strategy and Ministry Ceilings
  • Government’s Strategic Priorities

Strategic Activity Plan

Strategic Activity Plan

Strategic Activity Plan

Program No.1

Program No…

Program No.1

Program No…

Program No.1

Program No…

Geopolitical situation

Long-term priorities

Long-term vision for sectors

Long-Term Goals (vision)

(more than 6 years)

Long-Term State Development Strategy

Sector Strategy

Sector Strategy

Sector Strategy

  • Strategic Framework Documents:
  • Economic Strategy
  • Regions’ development plans
  • EU accession & NATO Documents (NDP, NPAA, NNIP, PEP)

Mid-Term Goals

(3 to 6 years)

Short-Term Goals

(1 to 3 years)

factors stimulating the reform
Factors Stimulating the Reform
  • Strong political will
  • Standing body to lead and review the reform
  • Qualified civil servants
  • Aspiration for European integration
  • Institutionalisation of reform results
  • Attitude of the society towards public administration
  • Poor financial situation of the state
on going improvement and challenges for the future
On-going improvement and challenges for the future
  • Integration of different planning processes:
      • Single Programming Document (integrate into existing programs)
      • Plan for the Enhancement of Administrative Capacities
      • Integration of the information society development
  • Better performance measures
  • Improved quality of strategic activity plans
  • Decreased number of strategic business plans (i.e. to decrease the number of appropriations managers)
on going improvement and challenges for the future16
On-going improvement and challenges for the future
  • Coordination of subordinate agencies’ performance (ministries approve their subordinate agencies’ plans)
  • Alignment of institutional goals, objectives and performance measures with departmental and individual performance measures
  • Alignment of individual performance appraisal with motivation of public servants
  • Alignment of individual performance appraisal with improvement of competencies and qualifications
possible ways to improve
Possible ways to improve
  • Recommendations on how to devise performance measures
  • Training of civil servants
  • Departmental and individual plans with expected targets; reporting on the progress
  • Performance contracts between heads of units and their subordinates