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The European Neighbourhood Policy. OECD/BSEC Regional Forum on Private Sector Development in the Black Sea Region, Thessaloniki 24-25 February 2005 Andreas Herdina European Commission. Enlargement is changing the European political geography.

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the european neighbourhood policy

The European Neighbourhood Policy

OECD/BSEC Regional Forum on Private Sector Development in the Black Sea Region, Thessaloniki 24-25 February 2005

Andreas Herdina European Commission

enlargement is changing the european political geography
Enlargement is changing the European political geography
  • EU’s 5th Enlargement (2004 / 2007) - EU-25 (EU-27)
  • 450 Mio citizens – (new borders)
  • New opportunities – new challenges
  • The enlarged EU needs to intensify relations with its neighbours East & South
the map of europe a set of policies
The map of Europe- a set of policies -
  • EFTA / EEA
  • Candidate Countries
  • Western Balkans
  • Neighbours
what is the enp
What is the ENP?
  • A specific policy for the neighbours of the enlarged EU, defined by proximity
  • … but not countries with an accession perspective (Romania, Bulgaria, Turkey, Croatia… )
  • Draft Constitutional Treaty (Part I, Title VIII – “The Union and its neighbours”)
enp partners
ENP partners
  • Ukraine, Moldova, Belarus
  • Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan
  • Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Palestinian Authority, Jordan, Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco
  • Strategic partnership with the Russian Federation
russian federation
Russian Federation
  • Strategic partnership – 4 common spaces
  • economic (inc. environment and energy) - promote integration via market opening, regulatory convergence, trade facilitation, infrastructure
  • freedom, security and justice – JHA, human rights and fundamental freedoms
  • external security - partnership on security issues and crisis management
  • research and education (inc. cultural) - capitalise on strong intellectual and cultural heritage
  • Work on common spaces draws on elements of ENP that are of common interest to the EU and Russia
content of the policy
Content of the policy
  • A joint agenda to manage our common space (EU – neighbourhood)
  • Promote good governance and reform
  • Progressive economic integration; deepening political co-operation
  • Based on specific values and common interests
  • Assistance re-oriented to support reforms
common values interests
Common values & interests
  • Democracy, human rights, rule of law; market economy; sustainable development
  • Stability, security, prosperity; joint response to common challenges (border management, prosperity gaps, crime, environment, health, terrorism, etc.)
  • ENP is not about enlargement - a distinct policy
  • ENP opens doors and aims to avoid new dividing lines
  • Differentiation
  • Partnership & joint ownership (result of consultations)
building on current framework
Building on current framework
  • ENP builds on legal and institutional accords (Association Agreements, Partnership and Co-operation Agreements, Barcelona Process, etc.)
  • Established instruments (Association and Co-operation Councils, Committees, sub-Committees) provide mechanisms for promoting and monitoring implementation of Action Plans
  • Invigorate existing relations
  • Selectively use experience from the enlargement process
  • Gradual approximation with the acquis
added value
Added value
  • Focused policy approach, bringing all thematic policies into bilateral relations, making “neighbourhood” a special category (focus) in external relations
  • Intensify relations and deeper cooperation
  • Encourage reforms, (economic, political, institutional)
  • Increase financial and technical assistance
action plans
Action plans
  • Key operational instruments
  • Country-specific, political documents
  • Jointly defining agenda on political and economic reforms
  • Short & medium term priorities
  • Guidance for assistance programming
action plans main areas
Action plans – Main areas
  • Political Dialogue and reform
  • Economic and social cooperation and development
  • Trade related issues, market and regulatory reform
  • Co-operation in Justice and Home Affairs
  • Transport, energy, information society, environment, research and development
  • People-to-people contacts, civil society, education, public health
financial support
Financial support


  • 2000-2006: MEDA €5,3bn, TACIS €3,1bn
  • 2004-2006: Neighbourhood Programmes (cross border)
  • EIB lending (€2bn Med, €500mio Eastern Europe)


  • 2007-2013:  European Neighbourhood & Partnership Instrument (ENPI) - policy-driven instrument covering (all) assistance to partners with simplified approach for cross-border co-operation, €13,9bn
  • Technical assistance for institutional capacity building
  • ENP is an ambitious offer for a new political framework for EU relations with neighbouring states
  • ENP is of mutual, long-term interest
  • ENP is an EU priority, also in the next Financial Perspective 2007-2013
  • EU offers considerable financial and technical assistance
  • How far can we go? – A matter of political will!
questions an impulse for discussion
Questions – an impulse for discussion:
  • Is the ENP an attractive means to encourage and sustain reform?
  • ENP – a "Community approach" to external relations (the institutional angle)?
  • Ukraine: The ENP as a policy distinct from EU enlargement – an alternative or a postponed accession perspective?
  • Questions on the "borders of Europe"? Countries of which we know little?
  • One common EU neighbourhood (Eastern Europe, Southern Caucasus, Southern Mediterranean) – European v. national neighbourhood? Eastern dimension? Black Sea?
  • ENP and the Barcelona Process: bilateral v. multilateral, bilateral < or > multilateral, mutually reinforcing?
enp more information
ENP – More information

Dedicated web site on Europe server under “Commission – Europe in the World”: