Choice Theory. Development of Choice Theory Concepts of Rational Choice Rationality of Crime Choice Theories of Crime Eliminating Crime and Policy Implications of Choice Theory. The Development of Rational Choice Theory.
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When it cannot prevent a crime, to convince the offender to commit a less serious one.
To prevent all
To prevent a crime
as cheaply as possible.
To ensure that a criminal
uses no more force than
is necessary.Four Utilitarian Objectives of Punishment
What do others say?
Are Choices Rational?
Crime Elimination Strategies
STRENGTHSExplains why high-risk youth do not constantly engage in delinquency acts. Relates theory to delinquency control policy. It is not limited by class or other social variables.Choice Theories: Rational Choice
STRENGTHSShows the relationship between crime and punishment. Suggests a real solution to crime.Eliminating Crime:General Deterrence
STRENGTHSProvides a strategy to reduce crime.Eliminating Crime:Specific Deterrence
Instead of deterring crime, could punishment cause more?
Would it be better to stigmatize offenders?
What do they mean when they say we should use reintegrative shaming?
STRENGTHSRecognizes the role opportunity plays in criminal behavior. Provides solution to chronic offending.Eliminating Crime:Incapacitation
2. Access control
3. Deflecting offenders
4. Controlling facilitators
Increasing Perceived Risks
5. Entry / exit screening
6. Formal surveillance
7. Surveillance by employees
8. Natural surveillance
Reducing Anticipated Rewards
9. Target removal
10. Identifying property
11. Reducing temptation
12. Denying benefits
Inducing Guilt or Shame
13. Rule setting
14. Strengthening moral condemnation
15. Controlling disinhibitors
16. Facilitating complianceEliminating Crime:Situational Crime Prevention