Support to livestock production and marketing in traditional rainfed farming areas
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Support to Livestock Production and Marketing in Traditional Rainfed Farming Areas. August, 28 – MDTF N OC Meeting Initial Project Proposal GNU Ministry of Animal Resources and Fisheries. Livestock production is a major contributory to Sudan’s economy - 20% of GDP & 50 % of Agricultural GDP.

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Support to livestock production and marketing in traditional rainfed farming areas l.jpg

Support to Livestock Production and Marketing in Traditional Rainfed Farming Areas

August, 28 – MDTF N OC Meeting

Initial Project Proposal

GNU Ministry of Animal Resources and Fisheries


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Livestock production is a major contributory to Sudan’s economy

- 20% of GDP & 50 % of Agricultural GDP.

  • Second export commodity (25% of non oil exports).

  • Contribute to national food security.

    - Livestock mostly in traditional rainfed farming areas (Western, Central and Eastern Sudan).

    - Three systems: nomadic, transhumance (agro pastoralism), sedentary agriculture.

    - An important capital asset (mitigate impact of drought ,crop failure, finance….).


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However, major constraints economyimpede sector development

- Marketing arrangements are inadequate:

  • no transparent sales system (no auction, no grading, regulations…)

  • large distances travelled by animals on the hoof.

  • heavy taxation on the way to main markets.

  • Exporters deterred by adverse marketing arrangements and unfavorable exchange rate.

    Lack of incentives for producers (subsistence production) to sell their animals = Livestock off take low.


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Other main constraints: economy

  • Conflicting land rights: source of civil tension/ strife between pastoralists and crop farmers ( grazing lands legally not entitled / specified).

  • Water: shortage, costly + conflict over water resources.

    - Disease: limited capacity of the government to control diseases / inadequate service delivery by private sector.


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Strategy economy

MARF strategy:

to provide livestock producers with :

1/ adequate services and grazing rights.

2/ improved market infrastructure,

3/ better marketing arrangements =efficiency.

Objectives:

1/ promote better integration of livestock and crop farming.

2/ give more incentives to producers to sell their animals.

which would result in

Higher livestock off-take percentage, increased incomes and reduced environmental degradation and conflicts.


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with MDTF support, MARF intends to: economy

  • Focus on key issues, limit geographical focus to maximise impact ($20 M project, 4 years).

  • Develop an approach that could replicated.

  • Cooperate with Southern Sudan and create synergies with other interventions (IFAD, EC/FAO…)

    Two Areas identified:

  • North Kordofan (Impacted by IDPs from neighboring Darfur, sheep producing area).

  • Blue Nile, Sinnar, White Nile (important South / North cattle trade corridor, conflict prone area).


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Project Components: economy

Component I: Rehabilitation of stock routes /rangelands though community-based interventions.

- rehabilitation work (demarcation, rangeland, water points);

-training and equipping of Community Animal Health Workers (CAHWs).

Component II: Support to livestock marketing development

- development of auction systems (with market price information, grading) at secondary markets;

- training of producer and trader associations,

- support to the private sector to develop abattoirs


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Component III. Support to animal disease control and surveillance

- reinforcement of animal disease surveillance control system (training and equipment);

- strengthened the CAHW network.

Component IV. Technical Assistance

- study on land rights (should support the National and State Land Commissions);

- study the sector’s marketing arrangements and propose marketing reform interventions;

- conduct a livestock population estimate/ census (NORTH AND SOUTH).


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Preparation of the Project Proposal surveillance

- Draft IPP discussed with technical agencies, line institutions and donors.

- FPP preparation started with the support of FAO first mission in July/August.

Points to be addressed carefully during the preparation process:

- Involvement of communitiesand role of agriculture; how to consult and involve all concerned communities in a balanced manner?


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  • Litigation and security surveillance : How to assist the native administration ?

    - Need to set up an implementation structure that:

  • Respects the decentralised nature of Sudan

  • Allows rapid implementation while building public and civil society capacity.

    Final Project Proposal to be prepared by the end of the year


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