SOCIOLOGY Richard T. Schaefer. 16. Education. 16. Education. Sociological Perspectives on Education Schools as Formal Organizations Social Policy and Education. Sociological Perspectives on Education. Functionalist View. Manifest functions include: Transmission of knowledge
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Correspondence Principle: schools promote the values expected of individuals in each social class and perpetuate social class divisions from one generation to the next
Tracking: practice of placing students in specific curriculum groups on basis of test scores and other criteria
Teacher-Expectation Effect: impact of teacher expectations and their large role on student performance
Figure 16-1. Percentage of Adults Ages 25 to 64 Who Have Completed Higher Educations, Selected Countries, 2001
Sources: Bureau of the Census 2004a:851
Table 16-1. Sociological Perspectives on Education