Texas Independence… From San Antonio To San Jacinto - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Texas Independence… From San Antonio To San Jacinto

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  1. “I must say as to what I have seen of Texas it is the garden spot of the world. The best land and the best prospects for health I ever saw, and I do believe it is a fortune to any man to come here. There is world of country here to settle.” -Davy Crockett - 1836

  2. Texas Independence… From San Antonio To San Jacinto

  3. The road to independence was not an easy one and many people paid for this independence with their lives.

  4. Who are these Texas Heroes? What battles led to our independence?

  5. Davy Crockett Sam Houston Jim Bowie William Travis

  6. On February 24 Jim Bowie became ill leaving Travis in full command. Travis sent out his well known plea for help on that day.

  7. March 2, 1836Signed the Declaration of Independence for Texas at Washington-on- the Brazos

  8. On March 3 Travis sent out one last appeal for help

  9. The Alamo March 6This plea reached the delegation meeting at Washington-on-the-Brazos

  10. "The 59 signers who forged a nation out of this wilderness left this unique legacy, this indisputable truth, what Texans can dream, Texans can do." George W. Bush The 46th Governor of Texas

  11. Around five o'clock in the morning on March 6Santa Anna hurled his columns at the battered walls of the Alamo from four directions

  12. Dawn at the Alamo By dawn it was over and by eight o'clock every defender was dead.

  13. ALAMO 1836

  14. March 25, 1836 The men sent to respond to the plea for help at the Alamo, were ordered to retreat to Victoria. But even that could not happen. Mexican forces forced them to surrender along with prisoners of war from the Battle of Refugio.

  15. Massacre at Goliad March 25, 1836

  16. Goliad

  17. March 27th, 1836 List of Fannin’s men Texan’s, prisoners of Santa Anna, were divided into three formations and marched to the San Antonio River. 342 Texans were executed…a mere 28 escaped.

  18. The massacre of Goliad earned Santa Anna the reputation of a brutal commander and turned many to support the cause of the Texas Revolution.

  19. After hearing about the slaughter at the Alamo, the colonists packed what they could carry and headed for Louisiana

  20. “Runaway Scrape”

  21. Mexican Troops resting at San Jacinto

  22. "Remember the Alamo!" "Remember Goliad!"

  23. Battle of San Jacinto

  24. The Battle of San Jacinto

  25. The Wounded Santa Anna

  26. General Sam Houston

  27. Sam Houston Leading the troops

  28. A monument, The San Jacinto Monument, as placed at the location of the Battle of San Jacinto to preserve the proud history of Texas. The famous Battle of San Jacinto that brought Texas its independence was fought on the site of the monument.

  29. The Memorial to the Battle of San Jacinto The world’s tallest war memorial. It is 15 feet taller than the Washington monument. The San Jacinto Monument honors all of those who fought for Texas’s independence.

  30. The monument was built from 1936-1939 and was designed by architect Alfred C. Finn, engineer Robert J. Cummins and Jesse H. Jones. The base of the monument has bronze doors emblazoned with the six flags of Texas. The base is 125 feet square with text panels highlighting the significant events history leading up to the Texas Revolution.

  31. The monument is a 570 foot shaft, topped by a 34 foot star symbolizing the Lone Star Republic. The monument weight 70 million 300,000 pounds. It’s base is 125 feet tapering to 30 feet at the top. The walls are 4 feet thick at the base and 2 feet thick at the top.

  32. No one was buried alive in wet concrete. • Only 35 of the 150 men hired had construction experience. • After completion, the mast and boom were removed by lowering them through the elevator shaft since the taper of the monument wouldn’t allow lowering. • The shaft rose at the rate of 24 feet per week. • The working platform (which rose as the shaft was built) weighed 65 tons. • The star on the top weighs 220 tons • The 3 dimensional star is 34 feet from point to point. • The sculpted stone panels weigh 4 tons each. • The re-enforcement bars were 2 inches by 2 inches and 110 feet long • The bars were bent easily, but were straightened by a railroad straightening device borrowed from the local railroad yard. Top 10 Facts about the Construction of the San Jacinto Monument

  33. “I must say as to what I have seen of Texas it is the garden spot of the world. The best land and the best prospects for health I ever saw, and I do believe it is a fortune to any man to come here. There is world of country here to settle.” -Davy Crockett - 1836

  34. Resources • www.tsha.utexas.edu/.../ books/jacinto1.html • Texas State Archives Commission • http://www.sanjacinto.navy.mil/battle.htm • www.tejasland.com/ history/default.asp • www.goodeatsoftexas.com/ texas_attractions.html • http://www.tpwd.state.tx.us/park/sanjac/monu.htm • http://www.sanjacinto-museum.org/ • http://www.tamu.edu/ccbn/dewitt/batsanjacinto.htm • http://www.tsha.utexas.edu/handbook/online/articles/view/SS/qes4.html • http://www.tpwd.state.tx.us/park/sanjac/