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Research Climate at the University of Zagreb School of Medicine Vedran Katavic, Ana Vujaklija, Daniela Salopek, Darko Hren University of Zagreb School of Medicine Setting 3 institutions: 2 University of Zagreb Schools (Medicine, Dental Medicine) 1 research institute all in Zagreb, Croatia

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research climate at the university of zagreb school of medicine

Research Climate at the University of Zagreb School of Medicine

Vedran Katavic, Ana Vujaklija, Daniela Salopek, Darko Hren

University of Zagreb School of Medicine

setting
Setting
  • 3 institutions:
    • 2 University of Zagreb Schools(Medicine, Dental Medicine)
    • 1 research institute
  • all in Zagreb, Croatia
subjects
Subjects
  • junior members(highest achievement Ph.D.)
  • response rate (so far):
    • School of Medicine (M) – 24% (52/214)
    • School of Dental Medicine (DM) – 33% (16/49)
    • Research Institute (RI) – 32% (71/221)
methods
Methods
  • Questionnaire:
    • modified questionnaire by Gaddis B et al, Accountability in Research. 2003;10(4):253-88.
    • 2 parts
      • biodata – individual, group, organizational
      • climate measurement
  • Sent out by mail or hand delivered (both delivering & receiving)
methods continued
Methods (continued)
  • originally had 414 questions
  • reduced to 231 MCQs:
    • 198 biodata (88 individual, 78 group, 32 organiz.)
    • 33 climate measures
  • Likert-type scale: A-E (with some reverse scoring)
methods continued6
Methods (continued)
  • results organized into “constructs”:
    • 17 I, 18 G, 8 O
    • 14 C
  • lower score  more positive experience/attitude
preliminary results
Preliminary results
  • Biodata measures
    • individual
    • group
    • organizational
  • Climate inventory
biodata individual
Biodata – Individual
  • 17 constructs: alienation, competitive pressure, negative peer groups, financial need, anomie, stress, incompetence, lack of situational control/resources, intrinsic work experience, negative professional role models, time frame rewards, negative/positive reward structure, consequences for failure, feedback specificity/ambiguity
biodata group
Biodata – Group
  • 18 constructs: transformational leadership vision/individual consideration/intellectual stimulation, accountability, expertise of professor/group members, group trust, normlessness, conflict, unethical norms, competitive/production pressure, uncertainty, instability, pro-social norms, quality, process directiveness
biodata organizational
Biodata – Organizational
  • 8 constructs: turbulence, munificence, integration, accountability, continuity, solidarity, pressure, ethical expectations
climate inventory
Climate Inventory
  • 14 constructs: challenge/involvement, freedom, trust, idea time, humor, lack of conflict, idea support, debate, risk taking, social caring, procedural/distributive justice, law and cone emphasis, socio-emotional support
conclusions
Conclusions
  • ongoing study
  • 1st assessment of climate in Croatia
  • very low response rate
conclusions continued
Conclusions continued
  • unsatisfactory expertise of group members
  • young scientists do not appreciate team leaders
  • not getting adequate feedback
  • low observed unethical behavior
  • social improvement necessary
open questions
Open questions
  • size of questionnaire – response rate (RR)
  • delivery method of questionnaire – RR
  • disillusioned young scientists – RR
  • limitation – cross-sectional study(NO causative conclusions)