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Nanotechnology A Brief Overview . -Identifying Opportunities and Strategies-. “We are placing bets on things we can do uniquely well. First, new ways to power the world. Second, molecular medicine. And third, nanotechnology .”   - Jeff Immelt, CEO, General Electric. What is Nanotech?.

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nanotechnology a brief overview

Nanotechnology A Brief Overview

-Identifying Opportunities and Strategies-

“We are placing bets on things we can do uniquely well.First, new ways to power the world.Second, molecular medicine.And third, nanotechnology.” 

 - Jeff Immelt, CEO, General Electric

what is nanotech
What is Nanotech?

NanoTechnology – Art and science of manipulating atoms and molecules to create new systems, materials, and devices.

Nanomeasurement – Size

Nanomanipulation – Building from the bottom up.

size matters
Size Matters
  • How Big is a Nano?
    • Nano = 1 billionth;100,000 x’s smaller than the diameter of a human hair.
  • Examples of Nanoscale
    • A cubic micron of water contains about 90 billion atoms. A micron is one thousandth of a millimeter, and a thousand times larger than a nanometer.
    • Another way to visualize a nanometer: 1 inch = 25,400,000 nanometers
disruptive apps materials
Disruptive Apps - Materials
  • Fiber that is stronger than spider web
  • Metal 100 x’s stronger than steel, 1/6 weight
  • Catalysts that respond more quickly and to more agents
  • Plastics that conduct electricity
  • Coatings that are nearly frictionless –(Shipping Industry)
  • Materials that change color and transparency on demand.
  • Materials that are self repairing, self cleaning, and never need repainting.
  • Nanoscale powders that are five times as light as plastic but provide the same radiation protection as metal.
disruptive apps energy
Disruptive Apps - Energy
  • Fuel cell technology becomes cost effective within 3 years.
  • Batteries that store more energy and are much more efficient
  • Plastics and paints that will store solar power and convert to energy for $1 per watt.
disruptive apps computing
Disruptive Apps - Computing
  • Silicon is hitting its size limit, Moore’s law reaches maximum in 2007
  • SuperChips –Combination of Silicon and Galium Arsenide create wireless chips
  • Plastic semiconductors manufactured by regular printing devices – cheaply produced.
  • Electronic Paper
disruptive apps bio medicine
Disruptive Apps – Bio Medicine
  • Cosmetics that can penetrate the skin
  • Cures for Aids, Cancers, Alzheimer's, Diabetes
  • Ability to view cells In vivo - Fast Drug Creation
  • Nanomaterials that can see inside vessels for plaque buildup
  • Technology that can re-grow bone and organs
  • NanoSensors for disease detection – 10x’s faster and 100,000 x’s more accurate
  • Nanofilters will help create impurity free drugs.
key terms you need to know
Key Terms You Need to Know
  • BuckyBalls
  • Carbon Nanotubes
  • MEMS
  • Quantum Dots
  • Molecular Self Repair/Assembly
  • MRAM/Spintronics
  • Lithography
carbon nanotubes
Carbon Nanotubes
  • 4 nm width (smaller diameter than DNA)
  • 100x’s stronger than steel 1/6 weight
  • Thermal/electrically conductive
  • Metallic and Semi-Conductive
buckyballs c 60
BuckyBalls – C60
  • Roundest and most symmetrical molecule known to man
  • Compressed – becomes stronger than diamond
  • Third major form of pure carbon
  • Heat resistance and electrical conductivity
obstacles and hurdles
Obstacles and Hurdles
  • Mass Production/Throughput and Cost Constraints
  • Funding Requires Long-Term Investments
  • Intellectual Property Issues - Patent Office that is Overwhelmed and Under-Qualified
the international race for nanotech supremacy
The International Race forNanotech Supremacy
  • 1998 Bill Clinton Signed the NNI
  • June 2003 - Congress approves $2.3b in additional funding
  • Europe and Asia are Moving Fast – Maybe Faster
    • S.Korea just announced a $2bgov. initiative
  • Why? Because Winner controls manufacturing for next century

Source: IEEE Spectrum August 2003

u s market nanomaterials projections
U.S Market Nanomaterials Projections

Source: The Fredonia Group

  • Must Read Books
    • As the Future Catches You – Juan Enriquez
    • Investors Guide to Nanotechnology and Micromachines – Glenn Fishbine
    • Next Big Thing Is Really Small: How Nanotechnology Will Change the Future of Your Business – Jack Uldrich, Deb Newberry
    • Hacking Matter – Will McCarthey
  • Periodicals
    • Forbes/Wolfe Nanotech Report
    • MIT Technology Review
    • Science
    • Nature
  • Web –