GIEFA: Inter-American Group for the Eradication of Foot-and- Mouth Disease
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GIEFA: Inter-American Group for the Eradication of Foot-and- Mouth Disease Presentation for GIEFA Meeting S.Paulo, Brazil Jan 29th, 2007 Sebastião Costa Guedes GIEFA Chairman.

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GIEFA: Inter-American Group for the Eradication of Foot-and- Mouth Disease

Presentation for GIEFA Meeting

S.Paulo, Brazil Jan 29th, 2007

Sebastião Costa Guedes

GIEFA Chairman


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  • Hemispheric Conference for the Eradication of Foot-and-Mouth Disease, Houston, TX., March 2004 with sponsorship of the PAHO and USDA.

  • FAO,IDB,IICA,OIE,OIRSA,WB,WHO,WTO participants .

  • “Houston Declaration”.

  • GIEFA Group (12 members/6 COHEFA’s regions +4 members Par, Bol, Equa and Venez. from public and private sectors).

  • Plan of Action for 5 years: 2006-2010.


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Plan GIEFA Foot-and-Mouth Disease, Houston, TX., March 2004 with sponsorship of the PAHO and USDA.

  • US$48.323.000 for a five-year project, or US$ 9.665.000/year (original budget);

  • Such resources should be complementary to each country’s FMD eradication project;

  • Resources from donors or sponsors, as well as loans;

  • Donors or sponsors can choose their partners to receive and to manage funds;

  • Possible public or private resources also from FMD free areas (PL 480 USA).


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Plan GIEFA Foot-and-Mouth Disease, Houston, TX., March 2004 with sponsorship of the PAHO and USDA.

  • GIEFA will be responsible to analyze the regional plans, the schedule of activities and the chronogram of investments to give its approval to the donors.

  • The follow-up of the investments and tasks can also be conducted by GIEFA, if required by the donors.


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FMD EVOLUTION IN THE SOUTH AMERICA (1976-2006) Foot-and-Mouth Disease, Houston, TX., March 2004 with sponsorship of the PAHO and USDA.


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FOOT AND MOUTH DISEASE Foot-and-Mouth Disease, Houston, TX., March 2004 with sponsorship of the PAHO and USDA.OUTBREAKS in SOUTH AMERICA 2002-2006

Venezuela: 9 - 52 - 34 - 13- 11

Guyanas: Free

Colombia: 8- 0 - 2 - 1- 0

Brasil: 0 - 0 - 0 - 39 -1

Ecuador: 108 - 6 - 42 - 23 - 7

Peru: 0 - 0 - 0 - 26 - 0

Paraguay: 0 - 1 - 1 - 0 - 0

Bolívia: 88 - 9 - 19 - 0 – 0 – 1 (‘07)

Uruguay: 0 - 0 - 0 - 0 - 0

Chile:Free

Argentina: 1 - 1 - 0 - 0 - 2


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GIEFA’s Priority Zones Foot-and-Mouth Disease, Houston, TX., March 2004 with sponsorship of the PAHO and USDA.

Venezuela

River Amazonas banks

+unknown risk zones northern Brasil

Ecuador

Border Brasil-Bolivia

Chaco:ARG-BOL-PAR

Border Brasil-Paraguai


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Free without vaccination

Free with vaccination

Not free

* Brazil: PR,SP,MG,GO,BA,

RJ,ES,SE,MS,MT,TO,DF

Argentina: North of

Parallel 42

Status temporarily

suspended*


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THE BEST MOMENT FOR THE Foot-and-Mouth Disease, Houston, TX., March 2004 with sponsorship of the PAHO and USDA. ERADICATION OF FMD IS NOW !

  • The outbreaks had drastic reduction;

  • Problem persists in very delimited critical areas;

  • There is strong motivation for the Mercosul members to cooperate due to the great losses with the last outbreaks.


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PUBLIC AND PRIVATE FUNDS Foot-and-Mouth Disease, Houston, TX., March 2004 with sponsorship of the PAHO and USDA.FMD Programs South America, 1990-2005 (US$)


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GIEFA Activities 2006 – Participation in 29 events Foot-and-Mouth Disease, Houston, TX., March 2004 with sponsorship of the PAHO and USDA.

  • American Agribusiness Mission Brazil, Paraguay,Bolívia, Equador;

  • Meeting São Paulo with Mercosul Private Sector;

  • Two Meetings with CVP Mercosul;

  • Seminar NIAA Louisville, KY, USA;

  • COSALFA Guayaquil, Ecuador;

  • Seminar IADB, Uberaba, Brazil;

  • Regional Meetings: Tartagal (ARG), Santarém/Londrina (BRA), Pedro Juan Caballero (PAR), Quito (ECU);

  • Meeting in Washington-DC with USDA, FAO, IICA, PAHO

  • Visits to Private Sector in USA

  • Discussions with Meat Exporters from BRA, ARG and PAR


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GIEFA : Proposal for Funding 2006 Foot-and-Mouth Disease, Houston, TX., March 2004 with sponsorship of the PAHO and USDA.

  • March- meeting in S.Paulo with meat exporters and cattlemen’s leadership of Mercosul.

  • Proposal- US$ 5/Ton exported bovine meat to support the plan

    (US$ 20 MM = 4 MM Ton/year: 3 MM BRA, 0.7 MM ARG and 0.3 MM URU).


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Past reactions to the Proposal Foot-and-Mouth Disease, Houston, TX., March 2004 with sponsorship of the PAHO and USDA.

  • Argentina and Brazil in principle were in favour, although asked for more details of the plans for each region.

  • Argentina had legal restrictions to export at that moment.


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GIEFA: NEW BUDGET TOTAL FOR THE 5 YEARS OF THE PLAN Foot-and-Mouth Disease, Houston, TX., March 2004 with sponsorship of the PAHO and USDA.


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GIEFA: FOLLOWING ACTIONS Foot-and-Mouth Disease, Houston, TX., March 2004 with sponsorship of the PAHO and USDA.

  • The new budget was discussed with the private sector of the region( the same institutions that were present on the previous March meeting).

  • International resources will be received only to assist the regions or countries in need of our continent: Bolivia, Equador and Paraguay.

  • Venezuela will be visited and invited to integrate the plan on March 2007.


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Recent Feedbacks and Conclusions of the US$ 5/ton Funding Proposal

  • ARGENTINA

    • Has restrictions to export meat

    • Farmers on strike and in continuous disputes with Gov’t

    • No chances to cooperate now

  • BOLIVIA

    • Ongoing disputes between private sector and Gov’t

    • Unstable scenario for foreign private investors

    • Certain cooperation in Chaco region and Brazilian border


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Recent Feedbacks and Conclusions of the US$ 5/ton Funding Proposal (cont’d)

  • BRAZIL

    • Disputes between farmers and slaughter houses

    • Prices for farmers at 50-year low level – US$ 0.78/kg lw

    • Brazilian Real overpriced against US$

    • Exporters willing to cooperate on a regional case-by-case basis

  • CHILE

    • Not present in any meeting


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Recent Feedbacks and Conclusions of the US$ 5/ton Funding Proposal (cont’d)

  • PARAGUAY

    • Private sector not willing to cooperate at this moment

  • URUGUAY

    • Private sector has always been against the proposal


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GIEFA: SOME CONCLUSIONS AFTER MEETINGS WITH THE PRIVATE SECTOR.

  • They prefer to have freedom to choose their partners for the donation or sponsorship;

  • They are not in accordance with the management of the resources only by the governments or international institutions;

  • They agree that the institutions should be payed by their services but with a previous negotiation.


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GIEFA: SOME CONCLUSIONS AFTER MEETINGS WITH THE PRIVATE SECTOR (cont’d).

  • All parties agree to payment of bonuses/rewards or to complement salaries of veterinarians and field personnel if areas are free of outbreaks.

  • Several institutions and programs with same objectives represent barriers to effective participation of private sector.

  • Private sector does not contribute when Government aims to invest.


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GIEFA: Last Achievements SECTOR (cont

  • Brazilian Gov’t donated 2 MM vaccine doses to GIEFA Bolivia (approx. US$ 1.1 MM);

  • Brazilian Gov’t directed extra US$ 1.8 MM to PANAFTOSA;

  • FOCEM (Mercosul Infrastructure Convergence Fund) released US$ 16.3 MM to eradicate FMD during the Rio de Janeiro January ’07 Summit

  • Contributions of USA PL 480


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GIEFA’s Future? SECTOR (cont

  • Cease to exist?

    • Alternatives: CVP, COSALFA and COHEFA

  • Continue its operations?

    • Objectives / Role / Definition

    • Membership / Country and People Rotation

    • New Chairmanship and Executive Committee


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GIEFA: Special Gratitudes SECTOR (cont

  • Guedes Pinto – Minister of Agriculture of Brazil

  • Roberto Rodrigues – Former Minister of Agriculture of Brazil

  • Gabriel Alves Maciel – Plant and Animal Protection Secretary Brazil

  • Jamil Gomes de Souza – Animal Protection Director Brazil

  • ABIEC, CNA / ABCZ, SINDAN

  • PANAFTOSA, IADB, USDA / APHIS


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GIEFA SECTOR (cont

Building alliances

for an America free of Foot and Mouth Disease

(FMD)