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LECTURE 5. Corporate Communications: A Dimension of Corporate Meaning. Objectives. Appreciating the complexity of corporate communications Understanding Common Starting Points ( CSPs ) and the Sustainable Corporate Story ( SCS )

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lecture 5

LECTURE 5

Corporate Communications:

A Dimension of Corporate Meaning

objectives
Objectives
  • Appreciating the complexity of corporate communications
  • Understanding Common Starting Points (CSPs) and the Sustainable Corporate Story (SCS)
  • MODEL(S) OF THE MOMENT:THE NEW CORPORATE COMMUNICATIONS WHEEL ANDTHE T W O CORPORATE COMMUNICATIONS MIXES
marketing and corporate communications what are the differences
Marketing and Corporate Communications: What are the differences ?

MARKETING CORPORATE

  • customer multiple stakeholders
  • defined set of channels multiple channels
  • controlled communication variety of communication types
  • positions a product or service positions an entire

organisation

  • more room for creativity less room for creativity
  • needs to be consistent with needs to be consistent with
  • product/brand attributes corporate identity/corporate

brand attributes

slide4

…… model of themoment

O

The Trade

InfluentialGroups

Government(s)

Business Partners

The Media

Local

Financial

Prospective Employees

Customers

General Public

Internal

THE NEW CORPORATE COMMUNICATIONS WHEEL

R

N

I

M

V

E

Products/ Services

Advertising

N

N

The

Industry

E

Direct Marketing

and

Correspondence

Sponsorship

T

Brand

Corporate

NewMedia

Corporate & Marketing PR

THECORPORATION

Alliances

Permanent Media

Business

Personal Presentation

Country of Origin

and

T

Partnerships

E

Point of Sale

Impersonal Presentation

N

N

Literature

E

V

M

I

The New Corporate Communications Wheel: Balmer and Greyser. Adapted from D. Bernstein (1984)

R

N

O

The New Corporate Communications Wheel: Balmer and Greyser. Adapted from D. Bernstein (1984) [42]

O

The New Corporate Communications Wheel: Balmer and Greyser. Adapted from D. Bernstein (1984) [42]

slide5
Model of the Moment: ii (A process for using the Balmer and Greyser’s New Corporate Communications Wheel * * adapted from Bernstein )
  • 1 DEFINE ALL STAKEHOLDER GROUPS
  • 2 IDENTIFY COMMUNICATION CHANNELS
  • 3 PRIORITISE STAKEHOLDERS
  • 4 IDENTIFY APPROPRIATE CHANNELS FOR EACH GROUP
slide6

Model of the Moment: iii

  • 5 TAKE ACCOUNT OF THE IMAGE OF: COUNTRY OF ORIGIN and of THE INDUSTRY
  • 6 additional elements identified by Balmer and Greyser
  • TAKE ACCOUNT OF THE CORPORATE BRANDING COVENANT (where appropriate)
  • PARTNERSHIP(s) and the effect of ENVIRONMENTAL FORCES
model of the moment iv
……model of the moment: iv
  • Provides a foundation by which a significant part of a corporate communications strategy can be established.
  • Illustrates the VAST SCOPE of the TASK (comparing corporate communications to marketing communications) For instance, 11 stakeholder groups and 11 channels results in 121 considerations alone!
common starting points csps what are they
Common Starting Points (CSPs): what are they ?
  • An early example of an integrated approach to corporate communications (developed by Van Riel)
  • Rationale: to achieve CONSISTENCY in corporate communications activities by establishing COMMON STARTING POINTS that underpin ALL FORMAL corporate communications
common starting points continued
Common Starting Points continued...
  • CSP is an integrated and interdisciplinary approach taking account of STRATEGY, IDENTITY and IMAGE.
  • CSP process: representatives from the corporation’s various communications departments establish commonalties (based on the above) which form the basis of all formal corporate communications.
the sustainable corporate story scs
The Sustainable Corporate Story (SCS)
  • What is it? A realistic and relevant description of key aspects of the organization (origins, vision and mission)
  • How is it distinct? It is derived from an organization’s distinctive characteristics (its’ identity)
the sustainable corporate story continued
The Sustainable Corporate Story…………....continued
  • Perceived Benefits?
  • Via communications distinctiveness of message and consistency of message is achieved.
the sustainable corporate story continued12
The Sustainable Corporate Story….. continued
  • Van Riel suggest that the following should underpin sustainable corporate stories in that they should be:REALISTIC (based on the identity)RELEVANT (offer added value elements for stakeholders)
  • RESPONSIVE (allows for two way symmetrical communication)
  • SUSTAINABLE (needs to meet the sundry demands of various stakeholder groups)
what are the parameters of corporate communications
What are the parameters of corporate communications ?
  • Just as there is a marketing mix, services marketing mix, promotional mix (communication mix) a number of authors have attempted to articulate a
  • CORPORATE COMMUNICATIONS MIX
two corporate communications mixes
TWO CORPORATE COMMUNICATIONS MIXES
  • (a) THE CORPORATE COMMUNICATIONS MIX OF VAN RIEL

and

  • (b) THE TOTAL CORPORATE COMMUNICATIONS MIX OF BALMER AND GRAY
van riel s corporate communication mix
Van Riel’s Corporate Communication Mix
  • Comprises:
  • Management Communication: managers need to establish a shared vision and trust WITHIN the organization
  • Marketing Communication: the traditional marketing communications mix
  • Organizational Communication: communicating to the various external groups (encompassing a plethora of corporate-level communications functions)
balmer and gray s total corporate communications mix
Balmer and Gray’s Total Corporate Communications Mix
  • Encompasses:
  • Primary Communications: the communications effects of products, services, management, staff and corporate behavior.
  • Secondary Communications: controlled forms of communications such as advertising and pr
  • Tertiary Communications: word of mouth/spin
finally
Finally……………...
  • If the importance of corporate communications are not understood/managed this can lead to communications that are
  • diffuse,
  • confusing,
  • contradictory and sometimes
  • prolix.
one more time why are corporate communications important
One More Time: why are corporate communications important?
  • Bernstein (1984) argues that:
  • many business failures are caused by poor corporate communications.
  • many businesses lack a clear, overarching, corporate communications platform
  • managers NEED to communicate to internal and external groups
  • fragmentation across communication disciplines (pr, advertising, print, investor relations) causes many difficulties.
summary i
Summary: i
  • Corporate Communications is broader, and more complicated than marketing communications.
  • It is complicated because of the existence of multiple channels of communication in addition to multiple stakeholder groups.
  • Moreover, individuals invariably belong to multiple stakeholder groups.
  • Common Starting Points/the Sustainable Corporate Story are two routes by which organizations may achieve consistency in their communications.
summary ii
Summary: ii
  • Van Riel’s Corporate Communication Mix and Balmer and Gray’s Total Corporate Communications Mix afford two contrasting perspectives on the area.
  • The New Corporate Communications Wheel (Balmer and Greyser) affords a framework for prioritising stakeholder groups and channels and takes account of other important factors such as corporate brand, country of origin, and industry image.