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Laws of Arrest. Bakersfield College Department of Criminal Justice. Arrest Defined:. An arrest is made by an actual restraint of the person, or By submission to the custody of the person making the arrest. The person arrested may be subjected to such restraint as is reasonable.

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laws of arrest

Laws of Arrest

Bakersfield College

Department of Criminal Justice

arrest defined
Arrest Defined:
  • An arrest is made by an actual restraint of the person, or
  • By submission to the custody of the person making the arrest.
  • The person arrested may be subjected to such restraint as is reasonable.
citizen s arrest
“Citizen’s Arrest”
  • A Private Person may arrest another;
    • For an offense committed or attempted in his/her presence.
    • When the person arrested has committed a felony, although not in his/her presence.
    • When a felony has been in fact committed, and s/he has reasonable cause for believing the person arrested to have committed.
arresting person may summon aid
Arresting Person may Summon Aid
  • Any person making an arrest may orally summon as many persons as s/he deems necessary to aid him/her therein.
arrest may be made day or night
Arrest may be Made Day or Night
  • Whenever an arrest is authorized by provisions of the Cal. Penal Code, it may be made on any day and at any time of the day or night.
formalities in making arrest
Formalities in Making Arrest
  • The person making an arrest shall inform the person to be arrested of the:
    • Intention to arrest.
    • The offense for which being arrested.
    • Authority permitting the person to make the arrest.
formalities in making arrest7
Formalities in Making Arrest
  • Notification requirement shall not apply when the person making the arrest has reasonable cause to believe that the person to be arrested is engaged in the commission of an offense, or the immediate flight there from, until the arrest has been completed.
seizing weapons
Seizing Weapons
  • Any person making an arrest may take from the person arrested any weapon which he may have about his / her person and shall be delivered to the Sheriff / Chief of Police.
peace officer authority to arrest
Peace Officer Authority to Arrest
  • A Peace Officer may make an arrest in obedience to a warrant, or may, without a warrant, arrest a person:
  • Whenever the officer has reasonable cause to believe that the person to be arrested has committed an offense in his/her presence.
peace officer authority to arrest10
Peace Officer Authority to Arrest
  • When the person arrested has committed a felony, although not in the officer’s presence;
  • Whenever the officer has reasonable cause to believe the person arrested committed a felony even if in fact no felony has been committed.
peace officer authority to arrest11
Peace Officer Authority to Arrest
  • May arrest someone who has escaped from any jail or prison or the lawful custody of a peace officer.
arrest with a warrant
Arrest with a Warrant
  • An arrest by a peace officer pursuant to a warrant is lawful whether or not the officer has the warrant in his/her possession at the time of the arrest.
  • However, upon requests of the person arrested, the warrant shall be shown to him/her as soon as practicable.
use of force
Use of Force
  • Any peace officer who has reasonable cause to believe that a person to be arrested has committed an offense may use reasonable force to effect the arrest, prevent escape or to overcome resistance.
use of force14
Use of Force
  • A peace officer who makes or attempts to make an arrest need not retreat or desist from his efforts by reason of the resistance or the threatened resistance of the person being arrested; nor shall the officer be deemed an aggressor or lose any right to self-defense, or to prevent an escape.
forced entry
To make an arrest, whether with or without a warrant, a peace officer may force entry into a home which the person to be arrested is reasonably believed to be within, after notice of authority and purpose.

A peace officer who has witnessed the commission of an offense may pursue the offender into any ship, plane, building or grounds.

Forced Entry