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Speech and Debate. Introduction 3. Delivery Formats: Manuscript, Outline, Impromptu. Classification of Speech Types. Basing on different criteria, speeches can be divided into the following categories Delivery formats: memorized, manuscript, outline, impromptu

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introduction 3

Speech and Debate

Introduction 3

Delivery Formats: Manuscript, Outline, Impromptu

classification of speech types
Classification of Speech Types
  • Basing on different criteria, speeches can be divided into the following categories
    • Delivery formats: memorized, manuscript, outline, impromptu
    • Purposes: informative, demonstrative, persuasive, entertaining, speeches on special occasions
classification basing on purposes
Classification Basing on Purposes
  • To inform (class presentations, briefing, etc.)
  • To demonstrate (cooking program)
  • To entertain (after-dinner speech)
  • To persuade (campaign, debate, etc.)
  • A mixture of the above (commercial)
  • Speech on Special Occasions
    • introductory, award presentation, award reception, commemorative speech)
classification basing on delivery formats
Classification Basing on Delivery Formats
  • Manuscript Speech
  • Outline Speech (for final briefing)
    • The most common type, includes key words & sections
    • Flexible to adjust to time limits and occasion requirements
    • Saves preparation time and allow better organization than impromptu delivery.
  • Memorized Speech (for speech contests)
    • You must prepare and memorize the speech
    • Looks and sounds more like dramatic performances
    • Best when the audience wants to be entertained
    • Full attention given to movements, gestures, appealing vocal delivery
  • Impromptu Speech (for next semester)
    • Involves the least notes & time for preparing
    • Challenge: must be organized, with a clear message, & lively delivery
manuscript speech
Manuscript Speech
  • Features
    • Speaker writes out every word of a speech
    • Ensures that the speaker won’t forget what to say
    • Helps the speaker to adjust to time limits
  • Occasions that apply
    • When the speaker must “word the comment carefully”
    • Speeches by public figures, business leaders, political speakers, etc. (Payne)
reasons to adopt manuscript delivery
Reasons to Adopt Manuscript Delivery
  • 1.When the speakers need to have a record of what they have said
  • 2.Whey they need to be consistent in public statements
  • 3.When they need to supply a copy of comments to the news media
  • 4.When they need to select language carefully
  • 5.When they must fill a precise amount of time
challenges for manuscript speech delivery
Challenges for Manuscript Speech Delivery
  • It’s not easy to write a manuscript that sounds natural and conversational
  • Public Speaking is NOT Public Reading
  • Temptation to rely on the manuscript
  • Risks to lose Eye-contact & Interaction with the audience

 failure in achieving the primary goal of public speaking: Communication!

exercise manuscript speech delivery
Exercise: Manuscript Speech Delivery
  • Try to “deliver” the sample manuscript speech, “Control of Atomic Weapons”
  • Try to sound as spontaneous as you can
  • Try to keep eye-contact and interact with your audience
  • Question: is it easy to do the three tasks above throughout your speech
steps to prepare for a manuscript
Steps to Prepare for a Manuscript

1.Begin with an outline

2.Talk through the speech, basing on the outline

3.Tape-record your ideas

4.Talk through each section of the speech as you write

5.Write what you have said

6.Write through the last sentence or two then talk through the next.

7.Follow 6 and write out the whole speech

8.Polish your language and read it aloud. (Payne)

9.Practice delivering the draft until the wording sounds clear, vivid, emphatic, appropriate [spontaneous]. (Verderber)

preparing to deliver a manuscript
Preparing to Deliver a Manuscript
  • 1.Prepare your manuscript for ease of reading
  • 2.Read through the manuscript and mark where you should pause, emphasize, and apply proper voice control. (See Payne 43)
tips to overcome two md problems reduced eye contact unnecessary pauses to turn pages
Tips to Overcome Two MD Problems:reduced eye-contact, & unnecessary pauses to turn pages
  • Put the speeches on a teleprompter.
  • Type the speech on the top third of a sheet of paper so that you don’t have to glance all the way down page. (requires more paper)
  • Have two pages of the script showing at all times.
  • Begin left, move the right-hand page to the left when done.
  • Always end a page with a complete sentence.
  • Include the last few words of one page on the top of the next page in order to switch pages before you reach the end of the page. (For a Sample, See Payne 44)
summary instructions on ga
Summary & Instructions on GA
  • Determine your delivery format basing on the occasions & purposes
  • Be ready to analyze and deliver a manuscript speech