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OSHA 29CFR 1910.178 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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FORKLIFT SAFETY. OSHA TRAINING. OSHA 29CFR 1910.178. REGULATORY STANDARD. POWERED INDUSTRIAL TRUCKS. 29CFR - 1910 - 178. 29CFR - SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS 1910 - GENERAL INDUSTRY 178 - POWERED INDUSTRIAL TRUCKS. REAL HEAVY PARTS. 6500lbs. LOAD CAPACITY 6000 lbs. PROPANE ONLY.

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

FORKLIFT SAFETY

OSHA TRAINING

OSHA 29CFR 1910.178

slide2

REGULATORY STANDARD

POWERED INDUSTRIAL TRUCKS

29CFR - 1910 - 178

29CFR - SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS

1910 - GENERAL INDUSTRY

178 - POWERED INDUSTRIAL TRUCKS

slide3

REAL

HEAVY

PARTS

6500lbs

LOAD CAPACITY

6000 lbs

PROPANE ONLY

ACME FORKLIFTS

FORKLIFT INJURY STATISTICS

APPROXIMATELY 34,000 RELATED INJURIES A YEAR:

  • INATTENTION
  • DISTRACTION
  • EXCESSIVE SPEED
  • POOR DRIVING HABITS
  • LACK OF TRAINING
slide4

CIRCUMSTANCES OF INJURY

HOW MOST INJURIES OCCUR

  • OVERLOADING CAUSING THE VEHICLE TO TURNOVER
  • LOAD INSTABILITY CAUSING TURNOVER
  • OBSTRUCTIONS IN THE PATH OF TRAVEL OR LIFT
  • USING FORKLIFT OUTSIDE OF DESIGN LIMITATIONS
  • STRIKING A PEDESTRIAN
slide5

CASE STUDY #1

CRUSHED AGAINST A STEEL POLE

NARRATIVE: AN EMPLOYEE WAS SPOTTING A FORKLIFT BACKING

UP IN A CONGESTED FLOOR AREA. THE OPERATOR

ATTEMPTED TO EASE THE VEHICLE SLOWLY BACK

TO GAIN CLEARANCE TO TURN. THE GAS PEDAL

STUCK SLIGHTLY CAUSING THE VEHICLE TO LURCH,

PINNING AND CRUSHING THE SPOTTER BETWEEN THE

FORKLIFT AND A POLE RESULTING IN FATAL INJURIES.

CITATION: FAILURE TO MAINTAIN CLEARANCE BETWEEN A FIXED

OBJECT AND THE VEHICLE.

slide6

CASE STUDY #2

KILLED BY TOPPLED FORKLIFT

NARRATIVE: AN EMPLOYEE WAS TRANSFERRING MATERIAL FROM

A LOADING DOCK TRAILER TO A WAREHOUSE

LOCATION WHEN THE VEHICLE WAS DRIVEN OFF OF

THE SIDE OF THE DOCK RESULTING IN A LATERAL

TIPOVER OF THE VEHICLE AND FATAL OPERATOR

INJURIES.

CITATION: FAILURE TO MAINTAIN CLEARANCE BETWEEN THE EDGE

OF THE DOCK AND THE VEHICLE.

slide7

CASE STUDY #3

KILLED BY TOPPLED FORKLIFT

NARRATIVE: AN EMPLOYEE WAS TRANSFERRING MATERIAL FROM

A STACKED PALLET STORAGE LOCATION TO THE

WAREHOUSE FLOOR. THE OPERATOR BEGAN

MOVING THE VEHICLE WITH THE LOAD EXTENDED

BEFORE LOWERING THE LOAD, RESULTING IN A

CENTRIFUGAL OVERLOAD AND TOPPLING. THE

OPERATOR WAS CRUSHED BY THE VEHICLE.

CITATION: FAILURE TO MAINTAIN VEHICULAR CONTROL

slide8

LOAD CAPACITY

6000 lbs

PROPANE ONLY

ACME FORKLIFTS

TRAINING REQUIREMENTS

OPERATORS MUST RECEIVE:

  • CLASSROOM TRAINING COVERING SAFETY RULES
  • BASIC MATERIAL-HANDLING TECHNIQUES
  • BASIC OPERATING TECHNIQUES
  • DRIVER’S PERFORMANCE TEST
slide9

LOAD CAPACITY

6000 lbs

PROPANE ONLY

ACME FORKLIFTS

RETRAINING REQUIREMENTS

  • REQUIRED WHEN THERE IS A:
  • CHANGE IN VEHICLES AND HANDLING EQUIPMENT
  • CLOSE-CALL EVENT
  • FAILURE IN THE SAFETY PROCEDURES
  • REASON TO DOUBT EMPLOYEE PROFICIENCY
slide10

LOAD CAPACITY

6000 lbs

PROPANE ONLY

ACME FORKLIFTS

FORKLIFT SAFETY PROGRAM

THREE ELEMENTS TO THE PROGRAM:

1. WRITTEN COMPANY SAFETY PROCEDURES

2. EMPLOYEE TRAINING

3. DRIVING PROFICIENCY

slide11

LOAD CAPACITY

6000 lbs

PROPANE ONLY

ACME FORKLIFTS

FORKLIFT SAFETY PROGRAM

WRITTEN COMPANY SAFETY PROCEDURES

1. COMPANY FORKLIFT POLICY REVIEWED ANNUALLY

2. DAILY OPERATOR INSPECTIONS DOCUMENTED

3. DRIVING TRAINING AND PROFICIENCY DOCUMENTED

slide12

BASIC FORKLIFT PRINCIPLES

FORKLIFT MANUFACTURER:

  • DICTATES SPECIFIC OPERATION OF VEHICLE
  • SPECIFIES MAINTENANCE REQUIREMENTS
  • CONSULTED CONCERNING “ADD-ON’s”
  • FIRST CHOICE FOR SAFETY QUESTIONS
slide13

OVERHEAD GUARD

  • MAST
  • CARRIAGE
  • BACKREST
  • LIFT CYLINDER
  • TILT CYLINDERS
  • FORKS

LOAD CAPACITY

6000 lbs

PROPANE ONLY

ACME FORKLIFTS

BASIC FORKLIFT PRINCIPLES

slide14

BASIC FORKLIFT PRINCIPLES

THE RATED CAPACITY

  • THE RATED CAPACITY:
  • THE MAXIMUM AMOUNT OF WEIGHT THAT CAN BE SAFELY LIFTED
  • HOW THE LOAD RESTS ON THE FORKS IS CRITICAL
  • THE CLOSER THE LOAD IS TO THE BACKREST THE BETTER
  • CAN BE FOUND ON THE NOMENCLATURE PLATE OF THE VEHICLE
slide15

COUNTER

WEIGHT

PIVOT POINT

PIVOT POINT

COUNTER WEIGHT

CONSULT YOUR VEHICLE OWNERS MANUAL

BASIC FORKLIFT PRINCIPLES

LIFTING PRINCIPLE

slide16

LIFTING PRINCIPLE

MOVING THE LOAD AWAY FROM

THE BACKREST CAN LOWER

THE RATED CAPACITY OF THE

FORKLIFT BY HUNDREDS OF

POUNDS!

REAL HEAVY PARTS

LOAD CAPACITY

6000 lbs

6500lbs

PROPANE ONLY

ACME FORKLIFTS

INCORRECT

CONSULT YOUR VEHICLE OWNERS MANUAL

BASIC FORKLIFT PRINCIPLES

slide17

REAL HEAVY PARTS

REAL HEAVY PARTS

LOAD CAPACITY

6000 lbs

LOAD CAPACITY

6000 lbs

6500lbs

6500lbs

PROPANE ONLY

PROPANE ONLY

ACME FORKLIFTS

ACME FORKLIFTS

INCORRECT

CORRECT

CONSULT YOUR VEHICLE OWNERS MANUAL

BASIC FORKLIFT PRINCIPLES

LIFTING PRINCIPLE

slide18

REAL HEAVY PARTS

MOVING OR TURNING THE VEHICLE

WHEN THE LOAD IS EXTENDED CAN

RESULT IN TURNOVER BECAUSE OF

CENTRIFUGAL FORCES APPLIED AT

THE TOP OF THE LOAD!

6500lbs

LOAD CAPACITY

6000 lbs

PROPANE ONLY

ACME FORKLIFTS

BASIC FORKLIFT PRINCIPLES

CENTRIFUGAL FORCES

slide19

PRE-USE INSPECTION

  • MAST
  • ROLLER TRACKS AND CHAINS
  • FORKS AND ADJUSTMENT
  • FLUID LEVELS
  • HYDRAULIC LINES
  • LIFT AND TILT CYLINDERS
  • OVERHEAD GUARD MOUNTING
  • FIRE EXTINGUISHER
  • CYLINDER MOUNTING HARDWARE
  • TIRES
  • LIGHTS AND WARNING DEVICES
  • HANDBRAKE
  • STEERING AND BRAKES
  • DRIVING CONTROLS
  • LIFT CONTROLS
  • SEAT ADJUSTMENT AND BELTS

FORKLIFT OPERATING PRINCIPLES

slide20

CONSULT YOUR VEHICLE OWNERS MANUAL

FORKLIFT OPERATING PRINCIPLES

TYPES OF POWER SOURCES

  • BATTERY POWERED
  • PROPANE POWERED
  • DIESEL POWERED
  • GASOLINE POWERED
slide21

CONSULT YOUR VEHICLE OWNERS MANUAL

FORKLIFT OPERATING PRINCIPLES

INSPECTION OF POWER SOURCES

  • BATTERY POWERED
  • - REQUIRES CONSTANT CHARGING
  • - NO IGNITION SOURCES IN CHARGING AREA
  • - FOLLOW LOCAL CHARGING PROCEDURES
slide22

CONSULT YOUR VEHICLE OWNERS MANUAL

FORKLIFT OPERATING PRINCIPLES

INSPECTION OF POWER SOURCES

  • PROPANE POWER
  • - INSPECT TANK FOR SERVICEABILITY
  • - INSPECT PROPANE TRANSFER SYSTEM
  • - INSPECT TANK RESTRAINT SYSTEM
  • - FOLLOW LOCAL REPLACEMENT PROCEDURES
slide23

REAL HEAVY PARTS

LOAD CAPACITY

6000 lbs

6500lbs

PROPANE ONLY

ACME FORKLIFTS

DANGEROUS DRIVING CONDITIONS

LOADED FORKLIFT RAMP OPERATIONS

ALWAYS APPROACH RAMP LOAD FIRST!

slide24

REAL HEAVY PARTS

LOAD CAPACITY

6000 lbs

6500lbs

PROPANE ONLY

ACME FORKLIFTS

DANGEROUS DRIVING CONDITIONS

LOADED FORKLIFT RAMP OPERATIONS

ALWAYS LEAVE RAMP LOAD LAST!

slide25

LOAD CAPACITY

6000 lbs

PROPANE ONLY

ACME FORKLIFTS

DANGEROUS DRIVING CONDITIONS

UNLOADED FORKLIFT RAMP OPERATIONS

ALWAYS APPROACH A RAMP FORKS LAST!

slide26

LOAD CAPACITY

6000 lbs

PROPANE ONLY

ACME FORKLIFTS

DANGEROUS DRIVING CONDITIONS

UNLOADED FORKLIFT RAMP OPERATIONS

ALWAYS LEAVE A RAMP FORKS FIRST!

slide27

KEY ELEMENTS TO AN EFFECTIVE PROGRAM

1. DEVELOP AND STRICTLY ADHERE TO SAFETY PROCEDURES.

2. ESTABLISH AND ENFORCE SAFE WORK PRACTICES.

3. ENSURE PROPER TRAINING AND SUPERVISION.

4. STRENGTHEN AND MODIFY PRESENT POLICIES.

5. UNDERSTAND THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN 29 CFR 1910.178

AND THE BUSINESS OR INDUSTRY INVOLVED.

slide28

OSHA'S PERCEPTION

OF A SUCCESSFUL PROGRAM

1. DETAILED FORKLIFT SAFETY PROCEDURES

2. EXTENSIVE EMPLOYEE TRAINING PROGRAMS

3. PERIODIC REINFORCEMENT OF TRAINING

4. SUFFICIENT DISCIPLINE REGARDING IMPLEMENTATION