Evolution of Terrorism and Counter Terrorism Measures. Mike Vdovin First Annual IIS/IDL Student Conference International Security in a Changing World October 15-18, 2003 Yaroslavl, Russia. 2 phases of terrorism.
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First Annual IIS/IDL Student Conference
International Security in a Changing World
October 15-18, 2003
1st stage: national state vs local terrorist group; national or regionallevel; bad equipment.
2nd stage: a community of states (or only one “state-policeman”) vs terrorist networks; global, international level; lots of money and good equipment; terrorism is a business for some sort of people.
Interaction between political, financial groups and terrorist networks: a struggle or a collaboration. A new phenomenon: a structure that deals not only with terrorism, but also with politics and business.
1st phase of the terrorism – counter terrorist policy 1;
2nd phase of the terrorism – counter terrorist policy 2.
CTP1: cruel and non-personal (general) way of actions - “zachistki” in Chechnya. The result: tensity and few real terrorists arrested. CTP1 is ineffective because the terror wasn’t stopped and terrorism developed into its second phase.
September, 11: the nature of the terrorism changed. That’s why the world needs a new counter terrorist policy – CTP2.
The ctp2 is headed by the USA. Its main features:
The basic principles of the ctp1:
That’s why there are 2 possibilities:
The liberal democracies chose the 2nd variant. Therefore they weren’t able to stop the wave of terror, that had a chance to develop into its 2nd phase. In other case, the democracies risked to become totalitarian states.
However, the ctp isn’t the best way to deal with economy and finances, if we consider its benefits for a whole country. But it can be very profitable for some groups of politicians and businessmen.
There is a need to pay more attention to the real problems of global security
This conflict doesn’t have anything similar with the real war with terrorism, it’s just a way for some people to make their power stronger.
The disadvantages of such conflicts:
Both counter terrorism policies are not successful enough. Terrorist attacks in Russia and US war operation in Iraq prove this.
Russian and US mass media report that everything is fine and the authorities do all their best. However, there are much more problems there that it seems now. Some political groups in Russia and in the USA are trying to present their war campaigns and the methods are used as very successful ones. Both societies don’t have to fully believe their governments, they must check everything they are being said.
The measures are used now are not enough to win the war with terrorism. We need some radical changes in the ways we deal with terrorism.
With USA: to conduct war with terrorism together, no economical advantages.
With Europe: geographical, historical, economical reasons. No war with terror.
Perhaps, it’s better to combine these two ways in order to have more benefit.
The Americans and their allies discredited the idea of the world counter terrorist operation by starting the war in Iraq. The threat of global terrorism is undoubtedly very high; it can destroy the modern civilization. However, the traditional way of military intervention doesn’t work if we deal with nongovernmental terrorist network. Economical, political, police measure should be done by all the countries. Therefore, the UN can become more powerful again and lead the war with terror.
[The crisis of counter terrorist policy”, editorial article, “Expert”, №33, 2003]
There are some additional measures should be done by Russia: