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An Invitation to Health. Chapter 2: Emotional and Spiritual Well-Being. Prepared by: Andrew Owusu Ph.D. Chapter 2 Objectives. Identify the characteristics of emotional and mental health. Name the two pillars of authentic happiness. Explain the health values of connecting with others.

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An Invitation to Health

Chapter 2:

Emotional and Spiritual Well-Being

Prepared by: Andrew Owusu Ph.D.

chapter 2 objectives
Chapter 2 Objectives

Identify the characteristics of emotional and mental health.

Name the two pillars of authentic happiness.

Explain the health values of connecting with others.

Discuss some of the health benefits of prayer.

Describe four ways that sleep affects well-being.

Assess your spiritual health and make a decision to enrich it in at least two ways.

psychological well being
Psychological Well-Being





The ability to express

and acknowledge one’s

feelings and moods.

Our ability to perceive reality as it

is, to respond to its challenges,

and to develop rational

strategies for living


Brings people together, strengthen their bonds, reinforce the values and beliefs they share, and provide a sense of belonging, meaning, and purpose.

the three pillars of positive psychology
The Three Pillars of Positive Psychology

“Treatment is not

just fixing what is

broken, it is


what is best

within ourselves”.

emotional intelligence
Emotional Intelligence
  • Definition
    • A term used by some psychologists to evaluate the capacity of people to understand themselves and relate well to others.
  • Emotional Quotient (EQ)
    • The ability to monitor and use emotions to guide thinking and actions.
      • High EQ = increased productivity at work and happiness at home.
      • High EQ = decreased incidence of stress, depression and anxiety, and quicker recovery from serious illness.

The Maslow Pyramid


Fulfillment of one’s potential


Respect for self, respect for others

Love and affection

Ability to give and receive affection; feeling of belonging


Ability to protect oneself from harm

Physiological needs

Fulfillment of needs for food, water, shelter, sleep, sexual expression

Fig. 2-1, p. 37

authentic happiness
Authentic Happiness

Two Pillars to Authentic Happiness

Engagement with family, work or a passionate pursuit and

Finding meaning from some higher purpose

factors affecting happiness
Factors Affecting Happiness



Life Events


Wealth, Health

and Age

Love and Faith

feeling in control
Feeling in Control


  • The ability to draw on internal resources; independence from familial and societal influences.

Locus of Control

  • An individual’s belief about the source of power and influence over his or her life.
  • Internal vs. external locus of control
feeling in control11
Feeling in Control


  • Behaving in a confident manner to make your needs and desires clear to others in non-hostile ways.
    • Use “I” Statements to explain your feelings
    • Listen to and acknowledge others
    • Be direct and specific
    • Be assertive, not obnoxious
connecting with others
Connecting with Others
  • Connectedness vs. social isolation
  • Face shyness and social anxiety.
  • Join groups.
  • Participate in projects or activities.
  • Surround yourself with personal acquaintances.
spiritual health
Spiritual Health
  • The ability to identify one’s basic purpose in life and to achieve one’s full potential; the sense of connectedness to a greater power.
  • It gives a strong sense of purpose, values, morals and ethics.
  • Individuals who pray regularly, stay healthier and live longer than those who rarely or never do.
spiritual intelligence
Spiritual Intelligence
  • The capacity to sense, understand, and tap into the highest parts of ourselves, others, and the world around us.
  • Focuses on the discovery of wisdom within.
  • Prayer may foster a state of peace and calm that could lead to beneficial changes in the cardiovascular and immune systems.
  • Membership in a faith community provides
  • an identity as well as support
what happens when we sleep
What Happens When We Sleep?
  • Stage 1
    • A twilight zone between full wakefulness and sleep.
    • The brain produces small, irregular, rapid electrical waves.
  • Stage 2
    • Brain waves larger with occasional bursts of electrical activity.
    • Eyes unresponsive and bodily functions slow.
  • Stage 3 and 4
    • The most profound state of unconsciousness
    • The brain produces slower, larger waves.
    • “Delta” or slow-wave sleep.
  • REM sleep
    • Vivid dreaming
    • Brain waves resemble those of waking more than quiet sleep.

These stages are repeated four or five times a night.

stages of sleep
Stages of Sleep

Fig 2-2, p. 49

how to sleep like a baby
How to Sleep Like a Baby
  • Aim for ~7-1/2 hours of sleep per night
  • Go to bed and wake up at the same time each day.
  • Develop a sleep ritual.
  • Don’t drink coffee late in the day.
  • Don’t rely on alcohol to get to sleep.
  • Limit daytime naps if you sleep poorly at night.