Chapter 1. Courts, Crime and Controversy. Prepared by Helen McAninch, J.D. and Thomas McAninch, Ph.D. Criminal Justice System. Police Courts Corrections Is criminal justice an integrated system or is it a non-system of individual actors? . Costs of Crime.
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Courts, Crime and Controversy
Prepared by Helen McAninch, J.D. and Thomas McAninch, Ph.D.
Supreme Court of the U.S.
Appellate court of last resort
Circuit Courts of Appeals
Intermediate courts of appeals
Trial courts of general jurisdiction
Trial courts of limited jurisdiction
Arrest: the physical taking into custody of a suspected law violator.
Initial Appearance: the accused is told of the charges, bail is set, and a date for a preliminary hearing is set.
Bail: guarantee that a released defendant will appear at trial.
Preliminary Hearing: pre-trial hearing to determine if probable cause exists to hold the accused.Steps of Criminal Procedure
Emphasizes protecting society
Assembly line justice
Informal fact finding
Necessity of speed and finality
Goal: crime suppression
Due Process Model
Emphasizes protecting the rights of the individual
Slow and deliberate
Goal: protect against mistakes made by the police and prosecutorCrime Control Model vs Due Process Model