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Cellular Mass Transit (CMT) By Richard Shultz CMT Will: Cut wait time on circulator routes Reduce travel time Provide shelter at transfer points Expand coverage in low density areas Improvements Get from any home to any job Reduce cars on the road Cut CO2 emissions

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Cellular Mass Transit (CMT)

By Richard Shultz

cmt will
CMT Will:

Cut wait time on circulator routes

Reduce travel time

Provide shelter at transfer points

Expand coverage in low density areas


Get from any home to any job

Reduce cars on the road

Cut CO2 emissions

existing service has problems
Existing Service Has Problems

Too Slow

Long Waits

Poor Transfer Conditions

why does cmt make sense consider the austin market
Why Does CMT Make Sense ? Consider The Austin Market :

Average Trip Distance is 12 Miles.

Trips are from low density to low density.

Most jobs are in low density areas.

employment by zip code
Employment by Zip Code

Most jobs are in low density areas, outside city center. Red numbers are employment, by zip code, in thousands.

Data from :

Commute and Labor Sheds by Zip Code, 2007

employment density high vs low
Employment Density: High vs Low

800 K in Metro Area, outside of CBD and UT zip codes

420 K in Travis County outside of CBD + UT


CMT is Cellular

Circulator Routes would converge on each Transit Center

home to first transit center
Home to First Transit Center

Taxi Van every 8-12 minutes

Routes within half mile of every home

Ten minute trip to Transit Center

Ride requests required

does any city use cmt
Does Any City Use CMT ?

Many cities use Bus Rapid Transit (BRT)

Many cities use shared taxi

CMT = BRT + shared taxi.

shared taxi examples
Shared Taxi Examples

Rimouski, Quebec

Capetown, South Africa

USA in 1915

Atlantic City Jitney

Developing countries

jitney shared taxi usa 1915
Jitney Shared Taxi, USA 1915

Atlantic City Jitney, Serving Atlantic City, NJ since 1915

cape town train station
Cape Town Train Station

Minibus Taxi

Boarding Area

dolmus in turkey istanbul and bodrum
Dolmus in Turkey :Istanbul and Bodrum

You don't have to wait longer than 5 minutes before one comes along.

a taxi van in austin could be like the sprinter
A Taxi Van in Austin could be like the Sprinter

Seats 14 + Wheel Chair

High enough to stand in, 18 mpg

bus rapid transit brt increases ridership
Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) Increases Ridership

250% increase for Miami

200% increase for Honolulu

85% increase for Boston

50 fold for Curitiba, Brazil

cmt uses ideas from brt and shared taxi
CMT uses ideas from BRT and Shared Taxi

Fast board gates

Measures to speed bus travel

Frequent pickups

Vans for small groups

Demand Responsive Taxi Service

differences cmt vs brt
Differences: CMT vs BRT

Use cheaper shared lanes

Express run 3-15 miles between stops

Transit centers would have AC, restrooms and other amenities.

differences cmt vs shared taxi
Differences: CMT vs Shared Taxi

Subsidized by taxes.

Lower fares

One electronic fare card

Vans every 8-12 minutes

Drivers paid by Capital Metro.

what realities guide express route design
What Realities Guide Express Route Design :

Connect all parts of the city

Cell to cell by single express route.

Employment is moving out to low density outlying areas.

Travel pattern is many to many

Austin is like many cities. From the LA Times:

Get Me to the Job on Time.

For many low-skill workers, commutes [ by bus ] are long and frustrating as they struggle to get to where the jobs are.

Los Angeles Times: Sunday, June 17, 2001

By DAN GORDON, Special to The Times


Researchers refer to it as spatial mismatch: In virtually every major U.S. metropolitan area, job growth in the low-skill sectors is moving outward, while the workers most likely to fill these jobs continue to be concentrated in the inner city.

"Jobs are decentralizing but affordable housing is not," said Bruce Katz, director of the Center on Urban and Metropolitan Policy at the Brookings Institution in Washington.

circulation let s compare existing service to cmt
CIRCULATION : Let’s Compare Existing Service to CMT

North Austin Circulator Routes

Existing service provides poor circulation

Wait between buses is 30+ minutes

No service 9am-3pm on some routes

Many destinations not served

72,000 employed in low density.

poor circulation in north austin
Poor Circulation in North Austin

Existing Service

Has gaps and 30 minute waits

low wage workers
Low Wage Workers

Travel at all times of day

Work at restaurant, retail & other night jobs

They travel in off peak hours

Drive to work yet can barely afford a car

Car expense is a major drain on finances


CirculatorVehicle Size By Zip CodeOFF-PEAK 82 HOUR MAPYellow - van every 10-12 minutes. Orange - van every 5-9 minutes. Green- Bus with 44 seats every 10 min


green riders per square mile 100 purple vehicle capacity is 14 or 70
Green: Riders per square mile / 100Purple: Vehicle capacity is 14 or 70

152 Circulator routes ranked from highest to lowest ridership.

Off Peak 82 Hours/Week

red vehicle trips per hour 5 12 blue riders per vehicle trip
Red : Vehicle trips per hour , 5-12Blue : Riders per Vehicle Trip

152 Circulator routes ranked from highest to lowest ridership.

Off Peak 82 Hours/Week

CMT Would Provide Better Coverage and Service73 Million Vehicle Miles Per Year vs Current Mileage of 13 million.



tax payer subsidy per bus mile
Tax Payer Subsidy Per Bus Mile

Conventional BusCost per vehicle mile = $9.00Fares collected per mile = $0.88 Subsidy per Bus mile = $9.00 - $0.88 = $8.12CMT Express BusCost per vehicle mile = $3.81-- faster

Fares collected per mile= $2.10-- more riders

Subsidy per Bus mile = $3.81 - $2.10 = $1.71Conventional subsidy is 4.5 times greater than CMT Express

which is greener
Which Is Greener ?

Express bus gets 120 passenger miles per gallon (PMPG) vs 45 PMPG for a Prius with 1 person.

Plug-in hybrid taxi vans with fast recharge lithium batteries could run all day without gasoline.

transfers are a positive experience because the transit center has amenities including
Transfers are a Positive Experience because the Transit Center has Amenities including :

Shelter & Security


Average wait time is only 5 minutes

Electronic Fare Collection

Easy board for handicap riders.

Bike lockup room

would light rail be better because it creates density
Would Light Rail be better because it Creates Density?

CMT Transit Centers could create density at a lower cost.

A majority of employment will always be in low density.

in summary with cmt we would
In Summary With CMT we would:

Get from any home to any job

Reduce travel time

Cut wait time

Provide comfort and security

Remove 40,000 cars

Reduce CO2 emissions

Bring other cities into the service area