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It’s Wednesday!, 10/24 “D” day

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  1. It’s Wednesday!, 10/24 “D” day • GOAL: To review Islam in Africa. • Have out your review sheets and your chapter 8 notes.

  2. Question #20 • Describe the “common elements” of African society.

  3. Bantu Common Elements • Bantu-based language • Stateless Societies • Common in Africa • Governed by family & obligation • No tax, bureaucracy, army Disadvantage: • Organizing public project • Animistic religion • Creator deity • Personified natural forces • Witchcraft • Ancestors • Economies • Increasing settled ag & specialized trade

  4. Question #21 • Trace how Islam entered Africa.

  5. N Africa: Arrival of Islam • Long part of Mediterranean world • Islam quickly spread • Berbers • N. Africa splintered as Abbasid weakened • Puritanical movements

  6. Question #22 • Describe the Sudanic states and how they were organized. • Sudanic States= kingdoms that developed in the grasslands (so grassland kingdoms of Ghana, Mali & Songhai are also considered Sudanic states).

  7. W Africa: Grassland Kingdoms/Sudanic States • Merchants brought Islam from N. Africa • Powerful trade states: Strategically located b/t gold-rich forests on coast & salt-rich deserts & markets to north • 300-1200: Ghana • 1240-1500 Mali • 700s-1591 Songhai

  8. Question #23 • How did Islam & indigenous African beliefs fuse?

  9. Political & Social Life • Consistently blended: • Tradition = • Clans • Animism • Women • Islamic influence = • Rulers political/religious authority • Merchants • Slave trade • Islamization was class-based • Rulers • Merchants • Peasants maintain native traditions • Blending of cultures common • Swahili • Tracing lineage

  10. Question #24 • Describe the connection between East Africa & Islam.

  11. to Arabia to S Asia to SE Asia E Africa: Swahili Coast • Islam further brings Africa into fold w/ Indian Ocean trade • 1200s: City-states develop • Led by Arab elites • Traded ivory, gold, slaves from interior for foreign silk & porcelain

  12. Question #25 • Where did cultures develop in Africa that were not affected by Islam?

  13. NE Africa: Christian Societies • Three persistent societies preceded Islam • Egyptian Copts • Nubia/Kush • Ethiopia/Axum