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What do you call a sweet bubbly beverage…. Geography of Languages. Language. What language is spoken by the most people in the world?. 10 most spoken languages.

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  • What language is spoken by the most people in the world?
10 most spoken languages
10 most spoken languages

1. Mandarin Chinese - 882 million2. Spanish - 325 million3. English - 312-380 million4. Arabic - 206-422 million5. Hindi - 181 million6. Portuguese - 178 million7. Bengali - 173 million8. Russian - 146 million9. Japanese - 128 million10. German - 96 million

  • How many languages do you think are spoken in the world today?
  • Write your estimate on your notes
  • Between 6,000 and 7,000 living languages in the world today
  • Many of these are endangered…
why is language important
Why is Language Important?
  • Language is important to culture because it is the main means of communication
    • One generation passes customs and skills to the next generation through language
united states dialects
United States Dialects
  • Eastern New England
    • Pahk the cah
  • New York City
    • fugedaboudit
united states dialects1
United States Dialects
  • Chicago Urban
    • They call any sweet roll doughnuts.
  • North Midland
    • They call doughnuts belly sinkers, doorknobs, dunkers, and fatcakes.
If someone speaks the same language as you…
    • How do you communicate?
  • If someone speaks the same language as you, but a different dialect…
    • How do you communicate?
  • If someone speaks a different language than you…
    • How do you communicate?
  • Lingua franca= language of trade and communication
  • What do you think is the lingua franca of the world?
  • English is the most widespread language in the world.
  • English spread rapidly when Britain began to colonize large areas of the world.
  • Today, English is the main language of the internet.
did you know
Did you know…
  • English is the universal language of airline pilots and air-traffic control.
  • Many students in European countries are multi-lingual.
  • http://www.youtube.com/enduringvoices
why are geographers interested in religion
Why are geographers interested in religion?
  • Religious differences are a key component of many conflicts around the world
  • Religion is an important part of many people’s identity and connection to a certain place
types of religions
Types of religions
  • Ethnic religions – focus on one ethnic group and generally have not spread into other cultures. They do not seek to convert people to their beliefs.
  • Ethnic group – human populations that share a common culture or ancestry
types of religions1
Types of religions
  • Universalizing religions – seek followers all over the world. They hope to appeal to people of many different cultures.
types of religions2
Types of religions
  • Animist religions - People believe in the presence of the spirits and the forces of nature
    • Common in many traditional societies
    • likely were practiced long before more modern types of religions became common
dates what do bc and ad mean
Dates: What do BC and AD mean?

BC – “before Christ”

AD – Latin “anno domini”, “in the year of our Lord”

BCE – before common era

CE – common era

time line of major religions approximate
Time-line of major religions(approximate)
  • 2000 BC: Hinduism
  • 1500 BC: Judaism
  • 600 BC: Buddhism, Confucianism
  • 0 AD: Christianity
  • 600 AD: Islam
Polytheism – belief in many gods
    • Hinduism, animist religions
  • Monotheism – belief in one god
    • Christianity
    • Islam
    • Judaism
no religion
No religion?
  • While religion remains important around the world, in some places it has declined.
  • A growing number of people in these places are secular, or non-religious.
    • Example: Europe