E2H Sílabas y Acentos - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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E2H Sílabas y Acentos
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E2H Sílabas y Acentos

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  1. E2H Sílabas y Acentos

  2. Las Sílabas

  3. All words can be separated by syllables • Syllables are formed by ___________ and _______________ • Ca-sa, ca-fe-te-rí-a, au-la • A __________ vowel can form a _____________ syllable: a - gua

  4. Separate Consonants • Generally, consonants are separated in syllables. • ár-bol, • es-cue-la, • pla-ne-ta • ac-ción

  5. Do not separate these groups • pr a-__o-bar pl a-__i-car • br __a-zo bl ha-__ar • fr __e-cuen-te fl a-__i-gi-do • cr in-__e-men-to cl __a-ro • tr o-tro gl __o-tón • dr al-men-__a

  6. The Accents

  7. All words have an accent or a stressed syllable • Some words have a _______ accent and other do not. • Ca-sa, pe-rro, ma-má, li-bro, lá-piz, • li-bre-rí-a,

  8. What kind of accent? • The word that does _____ have a written accent is called (in Spanish): • _________________ • The word that ______ have a written accent is call (in Spanish): • _________________

  9. All words are broken up into four categories • Words that have the stress (accent) on the _____ syllable are called: • 1. __________ • Mamá, papel, canción • Words that have the stress (accent) on the _______ to last syllable are called: 2. ________ o_________ • Casa, escuela, azúcar, planeta

  10. 3rd and 4th categories of words • Words that have the stress (accent) on the_____ to last syllable are called: 3. __________ • They always have a written accent! • Esdrújula, lámpara, sílaba • Words that have the stress (accent) on the _________ to last syllable are called: 4. ______________ • Há-gan-se-lo

  11. The Vowels • There are _____ kinds of vowels: • _______ vowels: A, E, O • And • _______ vowels: I, U

  12. What is a Dipthong ? • It is a union of a __________ vowel with a _________ vowel or just two vowels • piano, ciudad, escuela

  13. Please remember that dipthongs do ____ separate into syllables! • Es-cue-la • Pia-no • Puer-ta

  14. But …..if • A weak vowel that has an accent on it- it becomes a strong vowel! • dí-a • dú-o • Ra-úl • tí-o • Then it is no longera _______! • (and it separates into 2 syllables)

  15. Accent Rules • Rule #1: Words that are _____ o _______ (stress on ________ to last syllable) that end in a vowel, “n” or “s”, ____ ____ have a written accent! • es-cue-la • ca-sa • ju-lio • mu-cha-cha

  16. Accent Rules • Rule #2: Words that are ________ (words that have a stress on the ____ syllable) and that end in a consonant that is not a “n” or “s”, ___ ____ have a written accent! • car-tel • co-mer • fe-liz • pa-pel

  17. Words that do have a written accent • Words that ___ have a written accent are the words that _____ rule #1 or rule #2! • A-zú-car • Re-vól-ver • Ca-fé • Ma-má

  18. These words always have an accent • Words that have the stressed on the 3rd or 4th to last syllable ______ have a written accent. • có-mo-da • lám-pa-ra • pón ga se lo

  19. Práctica: separa sílablas y pon el acento donde corresponde • Papa ___________ • tia _________ • escritorio ___________ • Abuela ___________ • cancion ___________ • escuchar ___________ • escribo ___________ • entender ___________ • dificil ___________ • interes ___________

  20. Repaso • Rule #1: Do not put accents on second to last stressed syllable words that end in a vowel, n or s. • Rule #2: Do not put accents on last stressed syllable words that end in a consonant that is not a “n” or “s”. • All words that break rules #1 and #2, need to have a written accent

  21. Repaso • Esdrújulas and sobresdrújulas (words) always have a written accent. • Diptongs that have a written accent on the weak vowel are no longer dipthongs and get separated by syllable.