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Prison Rape Elimination Act . Staff Development Emergency Operations. Performance Objectives. Identify 6 costs to society incurred as a result of sexual assaults inside prison Identify the purposes of the Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA). Performance Objectives.

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prison rape elimination act

Prison Rape Elimination Act

Staff Development Emergency Operations

performance objectives
Performance Objectives
  • Identify 6 costs to society incurred as a result of sexual assaults inside prison
  • Identify the purposes of the Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA)
performance objectives1
Performance Objectives
  • Identify 5 benefits of reducing the number of sexual assaults in prison
  • Understand the goals and objectives of the Sexual Assault Response Team (SART)
aca standards
ACA Standards
  • Revise intake screening requirements to identify potential victims or potential predators
  • Require that an investigation be conducted and documented whenever an assault or threat of assault is reported
aca standards1
ACA Standards
  • Require that offenders with history of sexually assaultive behavior are assessed by mental health or other qualified professionals
  • Those with a history of sexual assaultive behavior are identified, monitored and counseled
  • Require offenders at risk for victimization be identified, monitored and counseled
prea calls for
PREA Calls For
  • The gathering of national statistics about the problem
  • The development of guidelines for states about how to address sexual assaults/violence
prea calls for1
PREA Calls For
  • The creation of a review panel to hold annual hearings
  • The provision of grants to states to combat the problem
costs to society
Costs To Society
  • Increased costs to administer prison systems
  • Levels of violence go up
  • Health care expenditures are increased (AIDS, injuries, etc.)
  • Mental health care expenditures are increased (PTSD)
  • Risks of recidivism (The cycle of crime continues)
  • Interracial tensions increase (when the victim and perpetrator are of different races)
prea recommendations
PREA Recommendations
  • Zero tolerance
  • Elimination of sexual assault – top priority
  • Detection, prevention, reduction, punishment
  • Increase data
  • Standardize definitions
  • Increase accountability of prison officials
  • Increase efficiency and effectiveness of federal expenditures
  • Reduce the costs that sexual assaults in prison imposes
idoc policy and procedure
IDOC Policy and Procedure
  • Includes zero tolerance for all forms of sexual conduct between offenders and staff, volunteers, contractors, visitors or other offenders.

Sexual conduct includes: abusive sexual contact against another offender, staff, contractor, visitor or volunteer; nonconsensual sexual act against another offender, staff, contractor, visitor or volunteer; staff/contractor/volunteer/ visitor sexual harassment; and staff/contractor/volunteer/ visitor sexual misconduct.

  • Defines sexual assault.
  • Prohibits inappropriate contact with offenders: Policy 04-03-103.
idoc policy and procedure1
IDOC Policy and Procedure
  • Refers to Indiana Code 35-44-1-5 that criminalizes sexual contact between staff and offenders.
  • Policy 02-01-115 establishes procedures for sexual assault prevention and reporting.
  • Policy 03-02-103 establishes procedures for child abuse and neglect reporting.

IDOC Policy and Procedure

  • Issues an educational brochure to offenders and to staff.
  • Has concrete procedures for identifying inappropriate
  • sexual behavior, including nonconsensual sexual acts,
  • abusive sexual contact, sexual misconduct, sexual
  • harassment, and actions to take when such behavior
  • is identified.
  • Although the IDOC does not condone consensual sexual acts between offenders, the IDOC recognizes and reports consensual sexual acts between offenders.

Sexual Assault Response Team (SART)

Each Facility Head shall establish a Sexual Assault Response Team (SART). A SART provides a coordinated, efficient and supportive response to victims of sexual assaults. The members of the SART will provide a full range of comprehensive services to sexual assault victims who have made the decision to report a sexual assault. Persons assigned to the facility’s SART shall receive specialized training in providing comprehensive services to victims of sexual assaults.


Goals and Objectives of SART

  • Meet the needs of the victim with crisis intervention
  • and support services.
  • Provide a comprehensive forensic examination
  • for abuse victims.
  • Provide a joint, effective, sensitive approach to victims of
  • sexual assaults.
  • Document and preserve forensic evidence for potential
  • prosecution.
  • Conduct investigations of the crime from notification
  • through prosecution.

SART Members and Responsibilities

  • Staff designated as First Responders
  • Internal Affairs Investigators
  • Sexual Assault Nurse Examiners (SANE)
  • Victim Advocates
  • Local Prosecutors

Offender Intake into Department

  • Assess offenders within 24 hours of

admission to Department’s intake unit

  • Assessment includes Sexual

Violence Assessment Tool (SVAT)


Housing Facility Assessment

  • When transferred from intake or another facility, receiving facility determines if offender has been assessed according to administrative procedures
  • If offender hasn’t been assessed in the past 12 months, staff ensure an assessment is conducted

Housing Facility Assessment

  • Assessment includes:
  • A review of offender’s record
  • Application of Sexual Violence Assessment Tool (SVAT)
  • An interview, if necessary, to determine whether offender is a “likely PREA predator” or a “likely PREA victim”

Housing Facility Assessment

  • Offenders identified as “likely PREA

predators” may be housed in Administrative Segregation

  • Offenders identified as “likely PREA

predators” shall not be housed in the

same cell or in a bed adjacent to

offenders who are identified as “likely

PREA victims”


Housing Facility Assessment

Offenders identified as “likely PREA victims” may be housed in Protective

Custody or other assignment that reduces the likelihood of sexual victimization

observable signs of sexual assault
Observable Signs of Sexual Assault
  • An offender who has difficulty, or pain while walking or sitting
  • An offender who has unusual bruises or marks that may indicate assault
  • Bloody clothing, especially in the seat of the pants or underwear
  • Bloody linen
  • Frequent requests by the offender to see health care staff
  • Frequent requests for laundry exchange
environmental signs of sexual assault
Environmental Signs of Sexual Assault
  • Offender group approaching single offender
  • Rumors
  • Unaffiliated offenders with organized offenders
  • Single offenders who defy the norm “snitching”
  • A decrease in interest in normal activities
  • Withdrawal from social activities
  • Attitude change by an offender
  • Offenders who loiter or congregate in blind spots (areas not readily observable by staff)
reporting inappropriate sexual conduct
Reporting Inappropriate Sexual Conduct
  • If signs are observed a report shall be made
  • An incident report shall be made
  • Offenders shall be encouraged to report
  • Offenders shall be made aware of how to report
  • Offenders shall be able to report to any staff member
reporting inappropriate sexual behavior
Reporting Inappropriate Sexual Behavior
  • Any staff person, volunteer, or contractor has a duty to report
  • Staff shall ensure that both their Facility Head and Internal Affairs are notified
  • Facility Head will submit a Report of Critical Incident
  • If a juvenile is involved, a report shall be made to Child Protective Services
investigation of inappropriate sexual conduct
Investigation of Inappropriate Sexual Conduct
  • When a report is received, the alleged victim and alleged perpetrator shall be physically separated
  • Protective custody or administrative segregation is an option

Shift Supervisor shall

inform Facility Head,

SAPP Coordinator,

Internal Affairs,

Medical and Mental

Health Care staff.

investigation of inappropriate sexual conduct1
Investigation of Inappropriate Sexual Conduct

Facility Internal Affairs staff or Central Office Internal Affairs staff shall conduct an investigation

crime scene evidence preservation
Crime Scene & Evidence Preservation
  • Primary duties are to provide safety for the victim and preserve evidence
  • Primary source of evidence is the victim
  • If within 96 hours of the incident, staff will preserve as much evidence as possible
  • Victim should not shower, brush teeth, use toilet
  • Questioning of victim following prescribed guidelines
crime scene evidence preservation1
Crime Scene & Evidence Preservation
  • Perpetrator shall be ordered to follow the same actions as victim with regard to clothing, toilet, showering, etc.
  • Gather all clothing worn during the assault
  • Collection of evidence will follow a strict procedure
  • State form 2287: “Chain of Custody Evidence Card” to be used


“Employees shall not release any information concerning other employees or offenders of the Department without proper authorization”

IDOC POLICY 04-03-103

post traumatic stress disorder ptsd
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
  • Acute Phase Signs
  • Long Term Effects
ptsd acute phase signs
PTSD Acute Phase Signs
  • Fear at inappropriate or unusual times
  • Anger at inappropriate or unusual times
  • Outward emotional responses including:
  • Talkativeness
  • Tenseness
  • Crying
  • Trembling
  • Shock
  • Disbelief
  • Dispassion
  • Quiescence
ptsd long term effects
PTSD Long Term Effects
  • Mental re-experiencing of the assault
  • Aversion to sex
  • Anxiety
  • Phobias
  • Depression
  • Nightmares
  • Suspiciousness (paranoia)
  • Sleep disorders

Medical and Mental Health Services…

  • If an allegation is of inappropriate sexual conduct, the
  • victim shall be referred to the facility’s Health Care staff for
  • examination in accordance with HCSD 2.30 and the Health
  • Care Sexual Assault Manual.
  • Offender victims shall be provided access to approved outside
  • victim advocates and/or Mental Health professionals for
  • support services related to sexual abuse.
  • Victims have the right to refuse medical and/or mental health care,
  • after receiving counseling about the potential value of the services
  • they would receive and information about confidentiality.
  • Should the offender refuse or decline medical treatment the
  • offender shall sign a REFUSAL OF TREATMENT form which will be
  • documented in the offender’s Health Care record.
victim support
Victim Support
  • Be professional
  • Offer protection from the perpetrator
  • Advise victim that an investigation will be conducted
  • Refer victim to mental health staff as needed
  • Offer counseling and support services
  • The Sexual Assault Prevention Committee shall review

the alleged victim’s PREA Victim Likely flag status and

determine if a change in the flag’s status is necessary

  • Review victim’s housing/work assignments
  • May arrange for counseling in the community upon release
offender education program
Offender Education Program
  • Verbal and written information
  • Advised of consequences for inappropriate sexual conduct
  • Offenders are provided a brochure advising them of potential dangers of inappropriate sexual conduct or harassment
  • How to report victimization
sexual assault prevention coordinator committee and statistical reporting

Sexual Assault Prevention Coordinator, Committee, and Statistical Reporting

The Sexual Assault Prevention Coordinator and Committee oversees sexual assault prevention and reporting at each facility, and gathers data for statistical reporting.

benefits of reducing sexual assaults
Benefits of Reducing Sexual Assaults
  • Increased security
  • Cost savings
  • Increased job satisfaction
  • Fewer suicides
  • Fewer reports
  • Reduced tension among offenders

You have completed the module on the Prison Rape Elimination Act.

Please review the module again if you have any questions, or proceed to the next module.


Staff Development Emergency Operations