Instructional Methods and Program Models for Serving English Language Learners. Instructional Methods using the Native Language.
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These programs use the ELL’s primary language to provide lessons in core academic subjects and/or to teach reading and language arts. Classes are usually taught by a teacher who is fluent in the ELL’s primary language.
Grammar-Based ESL: Instruction in English that teaches about the language, including its structure, functions, and vocabulary
Communication-Based ESL: Instruction in English that emphasizes using the language skillfully in meaningful contexts
Content-Based ESL: Instruction in English that attempts to develop language skills while preparing students to study grade-level material in English. Focused primarily on the learning of English, which distinguishes them from sheltered instructional methods.
Involves the teaching of grade-level subject matter in English in ways that are comprehensible and engage students academically, while also promoting English language development
Requires significant teaching skills in both English language development and subject-specific instruction; clearly defined language and content objectives; modified curriculum, supplementary materials, and alternative assessments