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John, the Apostle, is the author. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Authorship and Historical Background. John, the Apostle, is the author. He was the son of Zebedee, the brother of _________ (Matthew 4:21). These two brothers were surnamed by our Lord, “The sons of __________” (Mark 3:17).

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slide2

Authorship and Historical Background

John, the Apostle, is the author.

He was the son of Zebedee, the brother of _________ (Matthew 4:21).

These two brothers were surnamed by our Lord, “The sons of __________” (Mark 3:17).

John’s mother was _________, who was probably a sister to Mary, the mother of Jesus (Matthew 27:55-56; Mark 15:40; John 19:25).

John was the only apostle to witness the ______________ (John 19:26).

James

Thunder

Salome

crucifixion

slide3

Authorship and Historical Background

John the Baptist

Most likely John was a disciple of _________________ before he began to follow Christ (John 1:40).

After the church began, John ministered alongside ________ on several occasions (Acts 3:1-4:22; 8:14-17).

John wrote _______ epistles, the R___________, and this Gospel.

John was the beloved pastor at Ephesus, and later (95 A.D.), he was exiled to _________ by the Emperor ___________ where he wrote the Book of Revelation.

Peter

three

evelation

Patmos

Domitian

slide4

The Gospel of John brings to a climax the FULL purpose of God in Christ.

It is also written to evangelize; John was written to bring people to a saving knowledge of Jesus Christ with the result that they would receive eternal life (20:30-31).

slide5

In the other 3 Gospels (Matthew, Mark, and Luke) we have learned what Jesus said, what He did, and what He felt. We have seen these 7 high points of His life and ministry:

  • His Supernatural B_____
  • His Baptism
  • His Temptation
  • His Transfiguration
  • His C___________
  • His R_____________
  • His A__________

irth

rucifixion

esurrection

scension

slide6

In all of the 3 preceding Gospels we’ve learned WHAT He was and now John presents the completion of _______ He was.

The other 3 are a presentation of Christ; John is an _______________ of Him.

The first 3 show Jesus outwardly and John shows Jesus ___________.

The earlier 3 writers are mainly concerned with our Lord’s public utterances while John majors on His _________ conversations and thoughts.

Throughout the Gospel, John demonstrates the d______ of Jesus Christ. It begins with the declaration that Jesus is ____ (1:1) and ends with the climatic statement of __________ proclaiming that Jesus is Lord and God (20:28).

WHO

interpretation

inwardly

private

eity

God

Thomas

slide7

The Message of All Four Gospels Compared:

Matthew: The promised King is here: see His credentials.

Mark: This is how He worked as a Servant; see His power.

Luke: This is what He was like as the Son of Man; see His humanity.

John: This is who He really is; see His deity!

slide9

John’s Gospel is Unique:

  • John has the only record of Jesus’s early Judean ministry (chapters 2-4).
  • It has more details on the last days of Jesus than the other Gospels (chapters 13-21).
  • Ninety percent of John’s Gospel is unique as compared to the Synoptics.
  • The name “Jesus” is used almost exclusively (239 of the 542 times in the Gospels are in John).
  • This Gospel also stresses Jesus’s humanity in that He got tired (4:6), wept (11:35), thirsted (19:28), suffered (v. 18),and died (v. 30).
  • Of the 46 names given Christ in the Gospels, John gives 33.
slide10

Four Movements of Christ in John

(see 16:28):

I came from the ___________.

I have come into the __________.

I leave the __________.

I go to the __________.

Father

world

world

Father

the gospel of john
The Gospel of John
  • The Prologue; The Person of Jesus Christ (1:1-18)
  • His Public Ministry – 1:1-19 through 12:50
    • The Announcer of Jesus Christ (1:19-28)
    • The Presentation of Jesus Christ (1:29-34)
    • The Disciples of Jesus Christ (1:35-51)
    • The Ministry of Presentation to the Nation (2:1-12:50)
  • His Private Ministry; The Ministry of Instruction to the Disciples (Chapters 13-17)
  • His Suffering and Death; The Ministry of Redemption to the World (Chapters 18 and 19)
  • Victory Over Death; The Ministry of Revelation to the Believers (Chapters 20 and 21)
slide12

The Prologue; The Person of Jesus Christ (1:1-18, NKJV)

In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. 2 He was in the beginning with God. 3 All things were made through Him, and without Him nothing was made that was made. 4 In Him was life, and the life was the light of men. 5 And the light shines in the darkness, and the darkness did not comprehend it. 6 There was a man sent from God, whose name was John. 7 This man came for a witness, to bear witness of the Light, that all through him might believe. 8 He was not that Light, but was sent to bear witness of that Light. 9 That was the true Light which gives light to every man coming into the world.

10 He was in the world, and the world was made through Him, and the world did not know Him. 11 He came to His own, and His own did not receive Him. 12 But as many as received Him, to them He gave the right to become children of God, to those who believe in His name: 13 who were born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.

14 And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us, and we beheld His glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father, full of grace and truth.

15 John bore witness of Him and cried out, saying, “This was He of whom I said, ‘He who comes after me is preferred before me, for He was before me.’”

16 And of His fullness we have all received, and grace for grace. 17 For the law was given through Moses, but grace and truth came through Jesus Christ. 18 No one has seen God at any time. The only begotten Son, who is in the bosom of the Father, He has declared Him.

slide13

The Prologue; The Person of Jesus Christ (1:1-18)

In the Prologue, notice that there are four names or designations of our Lord:

In verse 1: __________

In verse 4: __________

In verse 9: __________

In verse 18: _________

In relation to the __________, Jesus is the Word and the Son.

In v. 1, our Lord Jesus is the Word. As the Word, He is the expression of God toward all men and also the expression of God before all creation (v. 2-3).

WORD

FATHER

LIFE

LIGHT

SON

1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. 2 He was in the beginning with God. 3 All things were made through Him, and without Him nothing was made that was made.

slide14

The Prologue; The Person of Jesus Christ (1:1-18)

In relation to the _______, Jesus is the Life and the Light.

From Him radiates all illumination, both intellectual and spiritual (verses 4-9).

WORD

In verse 1: __________

In verse 4: __________

In verse 9: __________

In verse 18: _________

US

LIFE

LIGHT

SON

4 In Him was life, and the life was the light of men. 5 And the light shines in the darkness, and the darkness did not comprehend it. 6 There was a man sent from God, whose name was John. 7 This man came for a witness, to bear witness of the Light, that all through him might believe. 8 He was not that Light, but was sent to bear witness of that Light. 9 That was the true Light which gives light to every man coming into the world.

slide15

The Prologue; The Person of Jesus Christ (1:1-18)

The incarnate One (the Son) is “full of ___________ and ___________.”

WORD

In verse 1: __________

In verse 4: __________

In verse 9: __________

In verse 18: _________

GRACE

LIFE

TRUTH

LIGHT

Full of GRACE to r__________ man, and full of TRUTH to r___________ God.

edeem

SON

eveal

14 And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us, and we beheld His glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father, full of grace and truth.

15 John bore witness of Him and cried out, saying, “This was He of whom I said, ‘He who comes after me is preferred before me, for He was before me.’”

16 And of His fullness we have all received, and grace for grace. 17 For the law was given through Moses, but grace and truth came through Jesus Christ.

slide17

His Public Ministry (1:19 through 12:50)

In chapters 2-11 John records seven signs or _____________ which prove that Jesus is the Son of God.

The seven miracles were:

Turning the __________ into wine (2:1-11)

Healing the nobleman’s ________ (4:46-54)

Healing a man at the _________ of Bethesda (5:1-18)

___________ the 5,000 (6:1-14)

___________ on the water (6:15-21)

Using the ground and His ______ to anoint and heal a blind man’s eyes (9:1-41)

Raising of _____________ (11:1-57)

miracles

What was the 8th miracle?

What was the 9th miracle after the resurrection?

water

son

pool

Feeding

Walking

spit

Lazarus

slide19

His Public Ministry (1:19 through 12:50)

  • In chapter 3 John records the “new birth” chapter and Jesus’ conversation with _______________.
  • John records the incident with the S____________ woman in 4:1-42. Here, He reveals that He is ”the ________ of life.”
  • In chapter 5, John writes of the Fourfold Witness of Christ (verses 32-47). In answering the _______, Jesus gives four witnesses of His Messiahship:
    • John the __________ (5:33-35)
    • His w_______ (5:36)
    • The F_______ (5:37-38)
    • The S____________ (5:39-47)

Nicodemus

amaritan

water

Jews

Baptist

orks

ather

criptures

slide20

His Private Ministry; The Ministry of Instruction to the Disciples (chapters 13 through 17)

  • Here we see the heart of Jesus. He teaches us by every word and act (His Disciples and us):
    • Chapter 13: humility (v. 5); cleansing (v. 10); love (v. 34)
    • Chapter 14: comfort, His second coming (v. 1-6); promise of the Holy Spirit (v. 16-18 and 26)
    • Chapter 15: abiding in Christ (v. 7-9); another promise of the Holy Spirit (v. 26-27)
    • Chapter 16: the work of the Holy Spirit (v. 7-11); new truth revealed by the Holy Spirit (v. 12-14)
    • Chapter 17: Our Lord’s ________________prayer for His Disciples and for all believers

intercessory

slide21

His Suffering and Death: The Ministry of Redemption to the World (chapters 18 and 19)

After the prayer in chapter 17, Jesus goes to the Garden of _______________ (chapter 18:1) followed by His arrest, trials, scourging, crucifixion, and death.

His _________ trial before Annas, the high priest (18:12-14; 19-23);

His _________ trial before Pilate (18:28-38), before Herod (Luke 23:6-12, and before Pilate again (John 18:39-19:36), and His death.

Only John records: “It is finished.”

Gethsemane

Jewish

Roman

slide22

Victory Over Death; The Ministry of Revelation to the Believers (Chapters 20 and 21)

On the third day the tomb was empty and He came out of the grave with a spiritual body. He appeared ______ different times after His resurrection – the seventh one being to __________ (John 20:28).

His last word of instruction is to __________ and to us: “Follow thou me – till I come” (21:22).

10

Thomas

Peter

slide23

Major Differences in John’s Gospel

  • Omissions in the Gospel of John:
  • No genealogy is recorded at all
  • No account of His birth – because He was “in the _______________”
  • Nothing about His boyhood
  • Nothing about His temptation
  • Nothing about His transfiguration
  • No account of the ascension
  • No great ________________

beginning

There are also NO parables in the Book of John (10:1-5 is an illustration or figure of speech).

commission

John 21:25: And there are also many other things that Jesus did, which if they were written one by one, I suppose that even the world itself could not contain the books that would be written. Amen.

slide24

Old Testament Citations

There are only 19 Old Testament quotations in this Gospel, but there are some 120 possible references or allusions.

The Words of Jesus

John stresses Jesus’s words. Of the 866 verses, 419 are Jesus’s words – nearly 50 percent.

Private Conversations of Jesus

There are several extended private conversations of Jesus, including one with Nicodemus, the Samaritan woman at the well, the Upper Room Discourse, His High Priestly prayer, plus shorter ones, totaling more than two dozen in all.

slide26

The Seven “I AMs”

Jesus reveals His deity – His God nature in these sayings:

John 6:35 – “I AM the __________ of Life.”

John 8:12 – “I AM the ___________ of the world.”

John 8:58 – “Before _____________ was, I AM.”

John 10:11 – “I AM the Good ______________.”

John 11:25 – “I AM the __________________ and the life.”

John 14:6 – “I AM the ________, the _________, and the Life.”

John 15:1 – “I AM the True ________.”

Bread

Light

Abraham

Shepherd

Resurrection

Way

Truth

Vine

slide27

The Three Keys to John’s Gospel

John 20:31

31 but these are written that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God, and that believing you may have life in His name.

John 16:28

28  “I came forth from the Father and have come into the world. Again, I leave the world and go to the Father.”

John 1:12

12 But as many as received Him, to them He gave the right to become children of God, to those who believe in His name: