The Four Branches of Earth Science. Chapter 1.1. Geology – Science that Rocks!. The study of the Earth ’ s origin, history, structure, and the processes that shape the land. Scientists who study the Earth and its processes are called geologists.
Geologists that study earthquakes are called seismologists
Scientists who study the Earth’s atmosphere and weather are called meteorologists
Physical oceanographers study the oceans tides, water currents, etc.