Writing and Presentation of Academic Proposal. Assoc. Prof. Dr. Vijay Kumar Biotechnology Research Institute. Content. A. Writing of Academic Proposal Follow IMRAD Introduction Literature Review Methodology References Gantt Chart Tables and Figures B. Presentation of Academic Proposal
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Assoc. Prof. Dr. Vijay Kumar
Biotechnology Research Institute
A. Writing of Academic Proposal
B. Presentation of Academic Proposal
Other important issues
The simple logic of IMRAD provides the author to organise and write the manuscript, and IMRAD provides and easy road map for editors, referees and readers to follow in reading the paper.
-Discuss with your supervisor.
-Refer to past thesis or journal publication.
-All words in the title should be chosen with great care. –most common error is faulty syntax (word order).
eg. Mechanism of suppression of pneumonia in mice induced by Newcastle Disease Virus.
(Is the mice induced? Or is the pneumonia induced?)
- Avoid “waste” words eg. “Studies on”, “Investigations on” etc. An opening A, An or The is also a “waste” word.
-Objectives must be precise, direct-to-the-point, and descriptive.
-Must be written as an action verb.
-Give at least three objectives.
Min. 2 para per heading
eg. 20ml will then be added to Solution A.
-If it isn't reproducible than objectivity is lost.
-Every scientific experiment should be objective.
-Results obtained from the methods used should be
- If statistics are used to describe the results, it should be
eg. 33.3% of the mice used in this experiment were cured by the test drug; 33.5% of the test population were unaffected by the drug and remained in a moribund condition; the third mouse got away.
You must indicate the position of north. You mustprovide the longitude & latitude.
Avoid colorful maps.
- Who deserve authorship/co-authorship of a paper?
- scientific/ conceptual contribution
- technical contribution
- analytical contribution
- proposal are meant to be P&C but can sometimes be plagiarized by the evaluators.
- Make sure all students sign the NDA.
Give credit where credit is due.
Your reputation is at stake.
(Examiners normally look at other issues apart from the proposal).