SS 9-Canada’s policy towards refugeesp. 177-179 text Refugee Definition: _______________________________________________________________________________.
Refugees are one of the categories of immigrants established under the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (2002) • Canada signed United Nations Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees in 1951. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Convention_Relating_to_the_Status_of_Refugees The Conference met in Geneva from 2 to 25 July 1951 and took as its basis for discussion the draft which had been prepared by the Ad Hoc Committee on Refugees and Stateless Persons, save that the Preamble was that adopted by the Economic and Social Council, while article 1 (definition) was as recommended by the General Assembly and annexed to resolution 429 (V). On adopting the final text, the Conference also unanimously adopted a Final Act, including five recommendations covering travel documents, family unity, non-governmental organizations, asylum, and application of the Convention beyond its contractual scope. http://untreaty.un.org/cod/avl/ha/prsr/prsr.html
Refugee Shelter • During the 50’s and 60’s, Canada offered to shelter refugees in response to specific world crises. www.mremag.com/news4.htm ucalgary.ca Why so many refugees from Eastern Europe? _____________________________________________
REMEMBERING THE 1956 HUNGARIAN REVOLUTION • (Hungarian Workers Against Stalinism), Solidarity, October, 2006. • Fifty years have passed since the great uprising of the Hungarian people against the Stalinist dictatorship. • In order to fully understand the developments which led to the Revolution of 1956, it is necessary to take into account the defeat of the Hungarian Soviet Socialist Republic of 1919, followed by brutal repression and the proto-capitalist dictatorship of MiklosHorty (1). • Still others who managed to escape were killed in Stalin’s purges, including the leader of the Hungarian Communist Party Bela Kun. • The minority that wasn’t physically exterminated was forced underground, leading a shadow existence, which would haunt the Hungarian socialist movement for the decades to come. http://www.jakopovich.com/jakopovich/hrv/index.php?cat=autorski_radovi&page=hungarian_revolution
Hungarian/Yugoslavian Revolution • On October 23, 1956, around two hundred thousand Hungarians gathered in Budapest to demonstrate in sympathy for the Poles who had just gained political reform during the Polish October. The Hungarians broadcast sixteen demands over the radio, one of them being the dismantling of Stalin's statue. A hundred thousand Hungarian revolutionaries demolished the Stalin statue, leaving only his boots, in which they planted a Hungarian flag. The bronze inscribed name of the Hungarians' leader, teacher and "best friend" was ripped off from the pedestal. Before the toppling of the statue, someone had placed a sign over Stalin's mouth that read "RUSSIANS, WHEN YOU RUN AWAY DON'T LEAVE ME BEHIND!" The revolutionaries chanted "Russia go home!" while pulling down the statue. “W.C.” and other insulting remarks were scrawled over the fragmented parts of the statue. • The account of the incident by SandorKopacsi, head of Budapest’s police: "[The demonstrators] placed [...] a thick steel rope around the neck of the 25-metre tall Stalin’s statue while other people, arriving in trucks with oxygen cylinders and metal cutting blowpipes, were setting to work on the statue’s bronze shoes. [...] An hour later the statue fell down from its pedestal."
Present The site of the former Stalin Monument is now occupied by the Monument of the 1956 Revolution, completed in 2006 for the 50th anniversary of the historic event. A life-sized copy of the tribune was built in the Statue Park with the broken bronze shoes on top of the pedestal in 2006. This is not an accurate copy of the original but only an artistic recreation by sculptor Ákos Eleőd. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stalin_Monument_in_Budapest
Changes • In 1976, Canada made refugees one of its immigration categories. The change meant that Canada accepted refugees steadily, instead of crisis by crisis. What do you think of this change and why? __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Objective of IRPA, 2002 Refugee Program Objectives: • Save lives, offer protection • Fulfill and accept Canada’s international commitments to protect refugees (UN Agreement) • Grant fair consideration to persecuted people because we are a humanitarian country • Offer refuge (safety)-race, religion, political opinion or social group membership; facing torture, cruel or unusual treatment or punishment.
Case study p. 178 textA refugee’s experience • Read the case study of Mary on page 178 text. Answer: 1. What evidence from pages 177-178 can you find that Canada does respond to world issues? (2) ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 2. What evidence involving political factors influenced Canada’s policy on refugees? (2) _____________________________________________________________________________________________________
How has immigration policy changed in response to security concerns? P. 179 text Canada’s position has changed in response to world issues. Compare the two Acts on p. 179 and list the similarities and differences that you see in them. You may use this venn diagram or the T-Chart on the next page.
Notes p. 179-similarities and differences between IRPA and Immigration Act turcotte 2010
Fact sheets on refugee issues The following five fact sheets were presented to the Standing Committee on Citizenship and Immigration on December 5, 2006 during an appearance by Citizenship and Immigration Canada senior officials on refugee issues. A number of stakeholders who work directly with refugees have raised concerns relating to five key areas of Canada’s refugee programs: the Canada-U.S. Safe Third Country Agreement, the Refugee Appeal Division, the Private Sponsorship of Refugees Program, family reunification, and individuals who benefit from a stay of Temporary Suspension of Removals. The fact sheets address some of the issues raised by those stakeholders. • Canada-U.S. Safe Third Country Agreement • Family Reunification — Families of Protected Persons in Canada • Private Sponsorship of Refugees Program • Refugee Appeal Division • Temporary Suspension of Removals http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/department/laws-policy/responses.asp
Did you Know? • World Events and issues that can result in more people applying as immigrants to Canada: • Natural disasters such as floods and earthquakes. • Population Pressures. • War. • Poverty.
My reactions to refugee issues How I think the Canadian Government has responded to refugee issues: Health- Security- Political-