language terms n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Language Terms PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Language Terms

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 6

Language Terms - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 100 Views
  • Uploaded on

Language Terms. Standard language -an official language sustained by the state in the form of state examination for teachers, civil servants and others. Dialect -regional variation of a standard language. Language family -a group of languages descended from a single, earlier tongue.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Language Terms' - damien


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
language terms
Language Terms
  • Standard language-an official language sustained by the state in the form of state examination for teachers, civil servants and others.
  • Dialect-regional variation of a standard language.
  • Language family-a group of languages descended from a single, earlier tongue.
  • Language subfamily-a further division of language groups. E.g. Romance language is a subfamily of Indo-European.
slide2
Regional differences in a standard language;
    • Syntax-the way words are put together
    • Vocabulary
    • Pronunciation
    • Cadence or rhythm
    • Accents can reveal the regional home of a person.
  • Isogloss-a geographic boundary within which a particular linguistic feature is found.
slide3
Dialect-variants of a standard language along regional or ethnic lines- vocabulary-syntax- pronunciation- cadence-pace of speech

Isogloss -A geographic boundary within which a particular linguistic feature occurs

origin diffusion of languages
Origin & Diffusion of Languages
  • Mother Tongue-the first language spoken by Homo sapiens about 200,000 years ago.
  • Deep reconstruction-by studying sound shifts, linguists try to re-create an extinct language.
  • Language divergence-the differentiation that takes place over time and distance.
  • Language convergence-when long isolated languages make contact through diffusion.
  • Language replacement-traditional languages of small groups of less advanced people were replaced or greatly modified by an invading tongue.
  • Linguists can find linkages among languages by examining sound shifts – a slight change in a word across languages over time.