Introduction. The Chinese language is: Official language in ROC and PROC Writing form : Traditional (ROC, Japan, Korea…) Simplified (PROC…) Non-phonetic language Characters : 50,000 Traditional 2~3,000 Simplified (1960) Pronunciation : zhu yin fu hao
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The Chinese language is:
Official language in ROC and PROC
Writing form: Traditional (ROC, Japan, Korea…)
Characters: 50,000 Traditional
2~3,000 Simplified (1960)
Pronunciation: zhu yin fuhao
Pinyin (Was invented in 1958)
Chinese characters are one of the world’s oldest written languages that can be traced back to as early as 3,500 years ago when they were first used. The character is the basic unit of the Chinese language and each character constitutes a single syllable.
In earlier times, since they were carved on tortoise shells and animal bones, it was called oracle bone script, and most of these characters were pictures called pictographs.
oracle bone script (1765-1122B.C.),
bronze vessel style (1122-249B.C.),
standard form (220A.D.-present)
Through the formation of the characters to express the meaning; e.g. 上(up) 中(center) 下(down) 安(peace) 刃(blade)
Being familiar with the eight basic strokes will help reducethe chance of miswritten characters, while helping in getting started with writing new characters.
一 二 三
Pinyin is a Chinese word that means using the English alphabet to spell the sounds of Chinese characters. Character, the basic unit of Chinese written language, is mostly single syllable. Many of characters share the same pinyin but have different tones. In order to differentiate meanings, Chinese relies on tones. For example, 買 măimeans to buy, 賣 màimeans to sell, and 花 huāmeans flower, 畫 huàmeans painting.
Let’s use these four characters to make up some phrases:
(buy flowers) (sell flowers) (buy paintings) (sell paintings)
Different tones completely changed the meaning of the whole word. Therefore, the accuracy of the tone is extremely important.
4 tones =
Most pinyin syllables consist of three parts: an initial (beginning sound) and a final (ending sound) and a tone. ( In English, there are over 8,000 syllables, while in Chinese, there are only about 400 basic syllables. )
Initials: There are 21 initials—
b, p, m, f, d, t, n, l, g, k, h, j, q, x, z, c, s, r, zh, ch, sh
Finals: There are 35 finals—
i, u, ü, a, o, e, ie, ai, ei, ao, ou, an, en, ang, eng, ong, ia, iao, iou, ian, in, iang, ing, iong, ua, uo, uai,uei, uan, uen, uang, ueng, üe, üan, ün
Tones: There are 5 tones—
Tone marks For example
2nd tone má
3rd tone mă
4th tone mà
short sound (no tone marks) ma
Listen to the Chinese and translate them
Say the English in Chinese
Reading & Writing
Follow the stroke order
Make the connections between the symbol & sound
The structure of statements
The structure of questions
Question words are used