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Network Virtualization and Energy Savings

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  1. Network Virtualization and Energy Savings Jari Salokannel Sales Engineer September 2008

  2. Tomorrow • Wireless Mobility • Unified Communications • Service Oriented Architecture • Simple • Solution Focused • Federated • Integrated Services The Evolution of Enterprise Networks Today • Ethernet LANS – 10/100/1000 • Voice over IP • Discrete Applications • Insular • Separated Services • Complex • Product Centric

  3. ERS 5500 ERS 4500 ERS 2500 Providing a Solid Foundation for all Services & Solutions Nortel’s Ethernet Switching PortfolioFrom the Floor to the Core Core Modular Edge ERS 8600 Stackables Price/Performance ERS 8300 Functionality

  4. Stackable Ethernet Routing Switches 4

  5. Mid-Range • Medium-sized Enterprise • 10/100 and 10/100/1000 • 100FX capability • Resilient Hi-Stack • PoE • Redundant Power w/ RPSU15 Nortel Stackable SwitchesPortfolio Positioning Ethernet Routing Switch 4500 Series

  6. Ethernet Routing Switch 2500 Series • Mid-Range • Medium-sized Enterprise • 10/100 and 10/100/1000 • 100FX capability • Resilient Hi-Stack • PoE • Redundant Power w/ RPSU15 • Entry-Level • Small Enterprise/ Branch Office • 10/100 • Resilient Stacking (future) • PoE on half the ports Nortel Stackable SwitchesPortfolio Positioning Ethernet Routing Switch 4500 Series

  7. Ethernet Routing Switch 2500 Series Ethernet Routing Switch 5000 Series • Mid-Range • Medium-sized Enterprise • 10/100 and 10/100/1000 • 100FX capability • Resilient Hi-Stack • PoE • Redundant Power w/ RPSU15 • Entry-Level • Small Enterprise/ Branch Office • 10/100 • Resilient Stacking (future) • PoE on half the ports • High-End • Large Enterprise • 10/100/1000 and 10GbE • Resilient Fast Stack • PoE • Redundant Power w/ RPSU15 • Advanced Features including SMLT and IPFIX • Layer 3 including RIP,OSPF,VRRP,ECMP Nortel Stackable SwitchesPortfolio Positioning Ethernet Routing Switch 4500 Series

  8. Modular Ethernet Routing Switches

  9. Ethernet Routing Switch 8300Uniquely Positioned – Edge / Core • High-speed Switching & Routing • 720Gbps Switching Architecture • Dual Active Switch Fabrics • 310-345 Mpps Forwarding • High Density I/O Modules • 10/100 non-PoE and PoE • 100FX • 10/100/1000 non-PoE and PoE • 1GbE SFP • 10GbE LAN XFP • Full Feature Set • RIP, OSPF, PIM-SM, VRRP • Switch Clustering (SMLT, RSMLT) • 802.3af PoE • Advanced Filtering & QoS • VRF-Lite (w/ 8394SF) Ethernet Routing Switch 8300

  10. A full roadmap for this product is available under NDA Ethernet Routing Switch 8300What’s New with Release 4.1? • Improved Alternative for Small to Medium Core • VRF-Lite • Routed SMLT – Including support for RSMLT-Edge • VLACP • 802.3ad LACP • ECMP • Cost-effective Modular Edge • Multicast VLAN Registration • 802.1w • 802.1s • New Hardware • 8005 DC Power Supply • 8005 Dual Input DC Power Supply

  11. Ethernet Routing Switch 8600Highly Resilient & Secure Aggregation/Core • Wire-speed Switching & Routing IPv4/IPv6 • 720Gbps Switching Architecture • Dual Active Switch Fabrics (512Gbps) • 380Mpps Forwarding • Switch Cluster Provides • 1Tbps Switching Capacity • 649Mpps Forwarding • High Density Modules • 1GbE SFP Ports • 10/100/1000 (copper) Ports • 10GbE LAN/WAN XFP • Combo 1GbE, 10/100/1000, 10GbE • Full Feature Set • IPv4/IPv6 • Layer 3 • RIP, OSPF, BGP, MBGP, VRRP, ECMP, PIM-SM, PIM-SSM, DVMRP • Advanced Filtering & QoS • VRF-Lite • MPLS (LER, LSR, LDP, RSVP-TE) • IP-VPN, IP-VPN-Lite Ethernet Routing Switch 8600

  12. Ethernet Routing Switch 8600What’s New with Release 5.0? • VRF-Lite • Virtualizes the control plane and data plane of the ERS 8600 platform to form independent routing domains, eliminates the need for multiple physical routers. • Support for 256 independent instances • Support for overlapping addresses • IP-VPN MPLS (RFC2547/4364) • Provides IP-VPN solution using MP-BGP for VPN route exchange • Uses MPLS labels for fast path virtualization • Supports BGP route reflector for large scale deployment • IP-VPN Lite • Provides IP-VPN solution using MP-BGP for VPN route exchange (à la RFC 4364) • Provides VPN solution over any IP routed backbone, does not require MPLS • Uses IP-in-IP encapsulation for fast path virtualization • Supports BGP route reflector for large scale deployment • MPLS • Label switching infrastructure support for IP-LER and LSR functionality • Label distribution protocols: LDP, E-LDP, RSVP-T • Provides base infrastructure for MPLS based IP-VPNs (RFC 2547/4364)

  13. End to End Virtualization … network virtualization is the process of combining hardware and software network resources and network functionality into a single…virtual network. Network virtualization involves platform virtualization, often combined with resource virtualization. Wikipedia

  14. Services Data Center Campus/LAN Branch Today’s Physical Network Simplify and Optimize Your Network What if … Instead of deploying more boxes to solve the problem … You could abstract the services/features you wanted into software? 14

  15. Benefits • Far greater flexibility • Faster time to service • Less complexity, cost • Closer inline with business requirements Data Center Campus/LAN Branch Today’s Physical Network Virtualization Simplify and Optimize Your Network 15

  16. Data Center Campus/LAN Branch Today’s Physical Network Business Processes Virtualization Simplify and Optimize Your Network Business Policy, requirements, mandates 16

  17. Enterprise VirtualizationEnd-to-End Virtualization End-to-End Virtualization Network, Intelligent Services & Computing Network Services Computing Ethernet Routing Switch 8600 5.0 Virtual Services Switch 5000 Partnership Simplified Virtual Private Network & L3 Virtualization Service consolidation and virtualization of security & application availability Best-of-class resiliency for VMWare & iSCSI environments Unified Management Full software suite for installing, managing and provisioning Network L2-L3 and Services L4-L7

  18. VLAN02 VRF 0 VLAN20 VRF 1 VLAN03 VLAN30 VLAN04 VLAN40 Data Center Infrastructure VirtualizationControl Plane and Data Plane Virtualization (VRF) A single instance of an MVR is called a VRF (Virtual Router and Forwarder) If used standalone (without MPLS) it is known as VRF-lite VRF 0 is the Global Routing Table • OSPF • RIP • VRRP • Routing Policies • DHCP/Bootp • ARP • OSPF • RIP • VRRP • Routing Policies • DHCP/Bootp • ARP Separate instances per VRF Ethernet Routing Switch 8600

  19. VRF-lite Router Redundancy for multiple routing instances (RSMLT) 192.32.4.0/24 172.4.0.0/16 RSMLT VLANs .1 192.32.4.0/16 192.32.1.0/24 172.1.0.0/16 192.32.1.0/24 192.32.3.0/24 .1 .2 192.32.2.0/24 .2 .1 172.3.0.0/16 172.2.0.0/16 IST link 192.32.3.0/24 192.32.2.0/16 OSPF, RSMLT • RSMLT in Virtualized Network Topologies • support for triangle, square and full-mesh topologies

  20. 802.1Q Tagged Trunk 802.1Q Tagged Trunk VLAN20 VRF 1 VLAN200 VRF 3 VLAN30 VLAN300 VLAN40 VLAN400 VLAN02 VRF 0 VLAN03 VLAN04 Data Center Infrastructure VirtualizationVRF Traffic Separation by VLANs Traffic separation maintained from end user to application

  21. VLAN 30 VLAN 51 VLAN 51 VLAN 50 VLAN 50 VLAN 40 VLAN 41 VLAN 41 VLAN 30 VLAN 40 VLAN 40 VLAN 20 VLAN 10 VLAN 10 VLAN 10 Layer 2 VLANs Extended Throughout the Campus No traffic separation provided on the Campus or to the WAN Agency-A Agency-C Agency-D Agency-B Existing Campus Network Topology

  22. VLAN 40 VLAN 41 VLAN 40 VLAN 41 VLAN 50 VLAN 51 VLAN 50 VLAN 51 VLAN 40 VLAN 41 VLAN 50 VLAN 51 Inter-VRF Connectivity Thru Routing Policies VRFs are Mapped from the WAN to the Campus Layer 3 Routing Within the VRF Domains Layer 2 & 3 Isolation Between VRF Domains VRF in the Campus Core VRF 4 VRF 5

  23. IP-VPN Agency-B RSMLT between Building Cores and Campus Core IP-VPN connectivity between same agencies VRF in the Building Cores & IP VPN Lite VLAN 46 VLAN 47 VLAN 40 VLAN 41 VLAN 45 VLAN 40 VLAN 41 VLAN 44 VLAN 50 VLAN 51 VLAN 50 VLAN 51 VLAN 40 VLAN 41 VLAN 50 VLAN 51 VRF 4 VRF 5

  24. IP-VPN Agency-A IP-VPN Agency-B IP-VPN connectivity between same agencies RSMLT between Building Cores and Campus Core IP-VPNs Across Campus with IP VPN Lite VLAN 46 VLAN 47 VLAN 40 VLAN 41 VLAN 45 VLAN 40 VLAN 41 VLAN 44 VLAN 50 VLAN 51 VLAN 50 VLAN 51 VLAN 40 VLAN 41 VLAN 50 VLAN 51 VRF 4 VRF 5

  25. User Group 1 User Group 1 User Group 3 User Group 3 User Group 2 User Group 2 Virtualized Network Backbone Virtualized Data Center Backbone Virtualized Corporate Backbone User Group 3 User Group 2 User Group 1 Virtualized End-to-End Infrastructure Data Center C Data Center A Data Center B Virtualized Private Networks Virtualized Data Centers

  26. Different user groups may require different networks services to access applications Requires smart mapping and packet treatment to provide services and maintain separation Intrusion Detection System Application Accelerator VPN Switch Firewall Application Switch Traffic Application Switch End to End VirtualizationUsers  Applications Virtualized Private Networks Network Services Virtualized Data Centers User Group 1 User Group 2 User Group 3

  27. Virtualized services hosted off a single services solution with scalable processing modules provides greater flexibility and improved efficiency Role-based administration for ease of management Firewall Security IDS SLB Firewall Firewall VPN SLB VPN Security IDS End to End VirtualizationService Virtualization - VSS Virtualized Private Networks Virtual Services Switch Virtualized Data Centers User Group 1 User Group 2 User Group 3

  28. Customer 1 Customer 2 Rack1 Rack1 IST IST Rack3 Rack3 Customer 3 Rack2 Rack2 Deployment exampleData Centers Consolidation & Virtualization of Networks SMLT Clustering ERS 5500 ERS 8600 PE VSS 5000 ERS 8300 WANMPLS or IP IPVPN VMware Vlan Virtual Services VRF-Lite

  29. Deployment exampleTypical Customers scenarios • Airport Authorities • Serve multiple Airlines to provide secure booth to booth as well as Internet access • City and state governments • Provide their independent departments site to site connectivity as well as internet access • After M&As • Networks are merged and overlapping address spaces require solution over common backbone • Large Enterprises • For security reasons independent departments are segmented and put into independent routing domains • WAN VPNs are extended into Campus LANs – interconnection of VPNs not desired • Centralized and shared Data Center • Logical separation of customers not only through VLAN but also for L3 through VRFs, if data center uses multiple IP subnets per customer (VLAN solution not possible)

  30. Enterprise Virtualization • The virtualization of Enterprise services is happening now • Different levels of virtualization exist within the Enterprise • Application • Data Center • End-user access • Total End-to-End virtualization is required – from user to application

  31. Data Center Architecture

  32. Data Center Core Terabit Cluster Terabit Cluster Core • Terabit Cluster • Layer 3 Routing • ACLs and Anti-Spoofing Filters • Quality of Service Terabit Cluster SMLT/RSMLT Server Zones Distribution • 1GbE to 10GbE Uplinks • Switch Clustering for resiliency • Virtualization – VLAN isolation • Interconnect Security Services • Secure Multimedia Zone • Core Services • Web / App / DB Services • Dual NIC to Server Access Distribution SMLT Security & Application Services Server Access SMLT • Horizontal Stacking • End of Row Modular Chassis • Host IDS / Patch Management • Layer 2 Security / Application Svcs • Switched Firewall • Server Load Balancing • Threat Protection • Secure Network Access Server Access Modular Switch Cluster Stackable Storage Area Network Trunk/SMLT • Fiber Channel • iSCSI • Multi-Service • Disaster Recovery Server Zones Secure Multimedia Zone Web/App/DB Services Core Services Storage Area Network Fiber Channel Attached Ethernet Attached Data Center ArchitectureHigh Level Overview – Single Site

  33. Campus Core Security & Application Services IST IST IST Two Tier ArchitectureEthernet Infrastructure RSMLT Data Center Core • Switch Cluster Core • 10 Gigabit  ERS 8600 or ERS 8300 • Gigabit  ERS 5500 or ERS 1600 • Layer 3 Routing • SMLT Square or Full Mesh to Server Access • RSMLT Square or Full Mesh to Campus Core • Security & Application Services SMLT Server Access • Server Access • Layer 2 VLAN Isolation • Dual-homed Server Connectivity • NIC Team on Server • SMLT / SLT on ERS • TPS for Intrusion Detection • SMLT Square or Full Mesh to Data Center Core TPS Sensor TPS Sensor Server Server

  34. To Core To Core To Core To Core To Core To Core To Core To Core Extend a stack up to 8 racks Vertical Stacking – ToR solutionEthernet Infrastructure – Server Access Layer 2GbE or 2 x 10G Uplinks • Single point of failure with single unit • Low latency between servers (9µs) • Requires two units per rack for redundancy • All traffic sent to core, no inter-rack traffic flows • Very high 10GIG density required in Core and 2 x GIG or 2x10GIG minimum for resiliency.

  35. Extend a stack up to 8 racks 2GbE to 80GbE Uplinks Horizontal StackingEthernet Infrastructure – Server Access Layer Scalable Multilink Trunking into Switch Cluster 640 Gbps Resilient Switching Capacity • Fault-tolerant or Load sharing NIC teaming into stack • Low latency between servers (9µs) • Highly resilient stacking technology with scalable uplinks • Flexibility to spread across multiple data cabinets (100s of servers) • Ideal for Grid Computing / High-Performance Computing Solutions • Very High Node-to-Node Communications Bandwidth

  36. IST SMLT to Core/Distribution Horizontal StackingExtending the Design Options • Server Racks • Separate power feeds for each switch • UPS protected • Different power distribution units • No need to cable servers between racks • Switch Clustering with Stacking • ERS 5500 Release 5.1 • Supports up to 8 switches per stack – 16 total per Switch Cluster • Many design options available • Scalable uplink capacity 2GbE to 80GbE • Distribute IST across stack • Distribute uplinks across stack • Hitless software upgrades • Upgrade one stack at a time • Servers support for NIC teaming • Varies by vendor, but all support NIC teaming • Disable STP on ERS 5500 ports connected to NIC team Server Racks

  37. IST SMLT to Core/Distribution Resiliency all the way to the Server interface !! Horizontal StackingExtending the Design Options • Server Racks • Separate power feeds for each switch • UPS protected • Different power distribution units • No need to cable servers between racks • Switch Clustering with Stacking • ERS 5500 Release 5.1 • Supports up to 8 switches per stack – 16 total per Switch Cluster • Many design options available • Scalable uplink capacity 2GbE to 80GbE • Distribute IST across stack • Distribute uplinks across stack • Hitless software upgrades • Upgrade one stack at a time • Servers support for NIC teaming • Varies by vendor, but all support NIC teaming • Disable STP on ERS 5500 ports connected to NIC team Distribution / Core Horizontal Stack Switch Cluster Server with NIC team Logical View Server Racks

  38. VMware Virtual Networking Leveraging Nortel Switch Clustering Physical Server NIC1 OB Service Console Most Advanced Solution for VMware Server Connection NIC2 OB • Virtual Switch 1 • Service Console, VMotion & iSCSI) NIC3 PCIe • Virtual Switch 2 • Virtual Machines • One Port Group per VLAN • IP Hash Teaming to NICS NIC4 PCIe Virtual Machines • Nortel Recommendations: • Switch Cluster to Server NIC Level • Horizontal Stacking and SMLT to simplify cabling and provide zero-service impact maintenance • Use ESX NIC Teams in IP Hashing Mode to balance traffic across NIC team *and* take advantage of multiple switch redundancy (Nortel differentiator vs. other vendors) • VMware Recommendations: • Separate SC/VMotion/iSCSI from VM Traffic • Cross-Team with On-board and PCI NICs • Use Virtual Port Based VLAN Trunks • No Spanning Tree Protocol

  39. The Green IT Initiative 39

  40. Typical Data Center Breakout Network – 12-15% and growing HVAC Loss Servers & Storage Lighting The Network... a segment not to be ignored in the DC or the Converged Campus • Business case based approach to: consolidate, simplify, & renew to drive down footprint while capability increased • Like many we’re assessing our network equipment energy footprint. Findings show running on Nortel Network gear is more energy efficient than using the competition’s gear • Our energy efficiency calculator is aiding IT and Business teams understand and act on their Network energy footprint With the increasing role of “the Network” (virtualization, POE) – need to understand this impact ... An explosion in PoE is occurring

  41. The Challenge Do the math! • Use Energy Efficiency Calculator for FREE! • Input your own numbers Make the change! • Don’t wait, you can save NOW • Know your power tax • Reduce carbon footprint Do I replace inefficient? Yes! CAP & migrate Invest incrementally

  42. The Evidence: Network Core Switches Two 10-slot Core Switches in NYC Power Consumption Core Network Switches Nortel ERS 8600 Cisco Catalyst 6500 Watts/hour 36,456 93,014 HVAC/Cooling (MBTU/hour) 124.4 317.6 Nortel EnergySavings Cisco EnergyPremium 61% 155%

  43. Online Energy Calculator with help video Nortel Energy Efficiency Calculator “Cisco Energy Tax” YouTube - The Interactive Nortel Energy Efficiency Calculator “How to videos”

  44. Nortel Energy Efficient Calculator Calculate yourCisco Energy Tax Input your own network configuration Make educated decisions on energy consumption Contact your partner or sales rep for the tool Available on web

  45. Demo

  46. Internet Deployment example Deployment Scenarios – Topology Overview 1k users per building or more Remote Site 1 Campus Building 1 Remote Site 2 Campus Building 2 • Typical large Enterprise • Self operated Campus/Metro Core with 2 data centers and multiple office buildings • WAN network operated as service or self operated • 1000 or more users per building requires -> routing required Remote Site 3 Campus Building 3 WAN (long distance) Campus/Metro Core Data Center 2 Data Center 1

  47. Internet Deployment exampleEnterprise Requirements for network Virtualization Remote Site 1 Campus Building 1 Remote Site 2 Campus Building 2 Remote Site 3 Campus Building 3 WAN (long distance) Campus/MAN Core • Virtual end-to-end connectivity • Any-to-any L3 VPN • Example: City Government • VPN green: Police • VPN red: Schools Data Center 2 Data Center 1

  48. VPN/VRF-mapping VRF/VLAN-mapping PE PE PE VRF-lite VLAN n VLAN n VLAN n VLAN n VLAN n IP-VPN WAN Service (RFC2547/4364) Hub-and Spoke VLAN n VRF-lite VLAN n Campus Core VLAN n VLAN n Internet VRF-lite VLAN n VLAN n VLAN n VLAN n VLAN n VLAN n VLAN n VLAN n L2 domains L3 domains Data Center 2 Data Center 1 Deployment exampleOption 1 : L3 virtualization in WAN – L2 virtualization in MAN/Campus • Campus VLAN’s mapped to WAN IP-VPNs

  49. VRF/VPN-mapping PE PE PE Internet Deployment exampleOption 2 : L3 virtualized network using VRF Lite functionality Virtualization using “only” VRFs in a large Enterprise Campus network does not provide scalable solution • Static Data Path Virtualization required • Static mapping of data path with control plane • Overlay of multiple routing domains VRF-lite VRF-lite VRF-lite VRF-lite VRF-lite VRF-lite IP-VPN WAN Service (RFC2547/4364) Hub-and Spoke VRF-lite VRF-lite VRF-lite Campus Core VRF-lite VRF-lite VRF-lite VRF-lite VRF-lite VRF-lite VRF-lite VRF-lite VRF-lite VRF-lite 1 L2 domains L3 domains Data Center 2 Data Center 1