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Gyrodactylus salaris . Arthur Griffiths MRCVS Chair of Task Force. Gyrodactylus salaris. What is it? Where is it? Resilience Risk Factors What action can be taken?. Gyrodactylus salaris. WHAT IS IT? Notifiable Disease of salmonids Fluke feeding on gills and skin Highly fecund parasite

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Gyrodactylus salaris

Gyrodactylus salaris

Arthur Griffiths MRCVS

Chair of Task Force


Gyrodactylus salaris1
Gyrodactylus salaris

  • What is it?

  • Where is it?

  • Resilience

  • Risk Factors

  • What action can be taken?


Gyrodactylus salaris2
Gyrodactylus salaris

  • WHAT IS IT?

    Notifiable Disease of salmonids

    Fluke feeding on gills and skin

    Highly fecund parasite

    EXOTIC to Scotland

    Allows secondary bacterial infections


Gyrodactylus salaris3
Gyrodactylus salaris

  • WHERE IS IT?

  • Norway

  • Northern Russia

  • Western Sweden

  • Northern Finland

  • Status of Western Europe is unclear


Gyrodactylus salaris4
Gyrodactylus salaris

  • HOW RESILIENT IS GS?

  • Survives 5-7 days off host

  • Killed by freezing, high temperatures, desiccation and seawater

  • Multiplies on salmon, rainbow trout and char

  • Uses many other species for transport

  • Rapidly finds new hosts.


Gyrodactylus salaris5
Gyrodactylus salaris

  • RISK FACTORS

  • Movements and imports of live fish and ova

  • Movements of people and equipment


Gyrodactylus salaris6
Gyrodactylus salaris

  • WHAT CAN BE DONE IF GS OCCURS?

  • Nothing

  • Containment

  • Eradication

  • Prevention


Gyrodactylus salaris7
Gyrodactylus salaris

  • DO NOTHING

  • Probably loose up to 98% of salmon

  • Catchment income slashed

  • Risk infecting other catchments


Gyrodactylus salaris8
Gyrodactylus salaris

  • CONTAINMENT

  • Movement controls

  • Fish passes

  • Fish Farms

  • Surveillance

  • Cleansing and disinfection

  • Water transfers

  • Leisure pursuits


Gyrodactylus salaris9
Gyrodactylus salaris

  • ERADICATION

    Apply all containment measures

    Rotenone

    Aluminium sulphate

    Restocking


Gyrodactylus salaris10
Gyrodactylus salaris

  • TASK FORCE

  • Set up June 2005

  • To report by 31 March 2006

  • Preparation of Contingency Plan


Gyrodactylus salaris11
Gyrodactylus salaris

  • ISSUES IN PREPARING CONTINGENCY PLAN

  • Prevention

  • Identification, Research and Information

  • Legal Issues

  • Gene banking


Gyrodactylus salaris12
Gyrodactylus salaris

  • GS CONTINGENCY PLAN

    SEERAD & Industries preparedness

    Framework for response

    SEERAD

    Enforcement Bodies

    Fisheries Interests

    Commercial Water Users

    Leisure Pursuits


Gyrodactylus salaris13
Gyrodactylus salaris

  • MAIN ISSUES COVERED

  • Disease response

  • Legislation

  • Management structures

  • Roles and responsibilities

  • Criteria for containment and eradication

  • Operations Manual

  • Communications Strategy

  • Stakeholders

  • Resource provision


Gyrodactylus salaris14
Gyrodactylus salaris

  • KEY MESSAGES

  • Prevention is better than cure

  • Disease will be costly and damaging

  • Biosecurity is a MUST

  • Keeping control depends on EVERYBODY doing their bit.


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