Tool Safety
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Tool Safety. Vincent J. Giblin, General President. Phone: (304) 253-8674 Fax: (304) 253-7758 E-mail: [email protected] 1293 Airport Road Beaver, WV 25813.

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Slide1 l.jpg

Tool Safety

Vincent J. Giblin, General President

Phone: (304) 253-8674

Fax: (304) 253-7758

E-mail: [email protected]

1293 Airport Road

Beaver, WV 25813


Slide2 l.jpg

This material was produced under grant number 46C5-HT16 from the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labor. It does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the U.S. Department of Labor, nor does mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.


Tool safety l.jpg

Tool Safety the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labor. It does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the U.S. Department of Labor, nor does mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.

Subpart I

“Tools”

Hand and Power

1926.300 to 307


Introduction l.jpg
Introduction the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labor. It does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the U.S. Department of Labor, nor does mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.

A tool is an object used to perform work.

Tools injure or kill thousands of workers each

year.

The tools being referred to are:

 Hand tools  Power tools

 Abrasive tools  Woodworking tools

 Jacks  Air receivers

 Mechanical power transmission apparatus

Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program


Introduction5 l.jpg
Introduction the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labor. It does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the U.S. Department of Labor, nor does mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.

This is largely due to lack of proper

guarding in areas such as:

 Rotating or moving parts

 Over grinding wheels

 When the tool is designed

to have them

Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program


Introduction6 l.jpg
Introduction the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labor. It does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the U.S. Department of Labor, nor does mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.

Many injuries happen because tools were

modified, defective, or used improperly.

Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program


Introduction7 l.jpg
Introduction the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labor. It does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the U.S. Department of Labor, nor does mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.

It is very hard to work

without tools.

This presentation of

“Tool Safety” will help

you to recognize hazards

and minimize

potential accidents.

Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program


1926 300 general requirements l.jpg
1926.300 the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labor. It does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the U.S. Department of Labor, nor does mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations imply endorsement by the U.S. Government. General Requirements

All hand and power tools and similar equipment,

whether furnished by the employer or the

employee, shall be maintained in a safe condition.

They should be inspected for any defects.

Operating and maintenance instructions should

be made available and read by the operator.

Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program


1926 300 general requirements9 l.jpg
1926.300 the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labor. It does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the U.S. Department of Labor, nor does mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations imply endorsement by the U.S. Government. General Requirements

When power operated tools are designed to

accommodate guards, they shall be equipped

with such guards when in use.

Point of operation  Ingoing nip points

 Rotating parts  Flying chips and sparks

Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program


1926 300 general requirements10 l.jpg
1926.300 the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labor. It does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the U.S. Department of Labor, nor does mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations imply endorsement by the U.S. Government. General Requirements

Guards are necessary when using tools in order to :

 Keep particles from flying at you

 Prevent contact with sharp edges

such as saw blades

 Keep you and your clothing

from getting caught in the tool

Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program


1926 300 general requirements11 l.jpg
1926.300 the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labor. It does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the U.S. Department of Labor, nor does mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations imply endorsement by the U.S. Government. General Requirements

The following are some of the machines which

usually require point of operation guarding:

 Guillotine cutters  Shears

 Alligator Shears  Power presses

 Milling machines  Power saws

 Jointers  Portable power tools

 Forming rolls and calenders

Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program


1926 300 general requirements12 l.jpg
1926.300 the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labor. It does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the U.S. Department of Labor, nor does mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations imply endorsement by the U.S. Government. General Requirements

PPE--Employees using hand and power tools

and exposed to the hazard of falling, flying,

abrasive, and splashing objects shall be provided

with the particular PPE necessary to protect them

from the hazard.

Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program


1926 300 general requirements13 l.jpg
1926.300 the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labor. It does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the U.S. Department of Labor, nor does mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations imply endorsement by the U.S. Government. General Requirements

PPE--Employees using hand

and power tools and exposed to

harmful dusts, fumes, mists,

vapors, or gases shall be

provided with the particular

PPE necessary to protect

them from the hazard.

Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program


1926 301 hand tools l.jpg
1926.301 the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labor. It does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the U.S. Department of Labor, nor does mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations imply endorsement by the U.S. Government. Hand tools

Employers shall not issue or permit the use of

unsafe hand tools.

Wrenches, including adjustable, pipe,

end, and socket wrenches shall not be

used when jaws are sprung ( wider

or less stable than designed) to the

point that slippage occurs.

Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program


1926 301 hand tools15 l.jpg
1926.301 the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labor. It does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the U.S. Department of Labor, nor does mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations imply endorsement by the U.S. Government. Hand tools

Impact tools, such as drift pins,

wedges, and chisels, shall be

kept free of mushroomed

heads (being soft and

expanded from being

struck).

Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program


1926 301 hand tools16 l.jpg
1926.301 the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labor. It does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the U.S. Department of Labor, nor does mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations imply endorsement by the U.S. Government. Hand tools

The wooden handles of tools

shall be kept free of splinters

or cracks and shall be kept

tight in the tool.

Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program


1926 302 power operated hand tools l.jpg
1926.302 the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labor. It does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the U.S. Department of Labor, nor does mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations imply endorsement by the U.S. Government. Power-operated hand tools

When speaking of power tools, electrical tools

are the most commonly used.

 Drills  Grinders

 Saws  Nailers

 Chain Saws  Jacks

Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program


1926 302 power operated hand tools18 l.jpg
1926.302 the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labor. It does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the U.S. Department of Labor, nor does mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations imply endorsement by the U.S. Government. Power-operated hand tools

Electrical hand tools should follow these basic

safety procedures:

 Tools are to be double-

insulated and grounded

 Do not use in damp or

wet conditions

 Do not use kinked, frayed, or broken cords

Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program


1926 302 power operated hand tools19 l.jpg
1926.302 the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labor. It does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the U.S. Department of Labor, nor does mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations imply endorsement by the U.S. Government. Power-operated hand tools

Other sources of power for hand tools would

include pneumatic, powder-actuated, fuel, and

hydraulic fluid.

Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program


1926 302 power operated hand tools20 l.jpg
1926.302 the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labor. It does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the U.S. Department of Labor, nor does mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations imply endorsement by the U.S. Government. Power-operated hand tools

Pneumatic tools use

compressed air power for

operation. These tools are

very dangerous due to the

pressurized air. Even at

very low pressures,

compressed air can cause

injury.

Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program


1926 302 power operated hand tools21 l.jpg
1926.302 the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labor. It does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the U.S. Department of Labor, nor does mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations imply endorsement by the U.S. Government. Power-operated hand tools

Pneumatic tools should follow these basic rules:

 Never exceed safe operating pressures

 Never point them at others

 Never look into them

 Use safety clips or retainers

 Never reduce pressure to below 30 psi

Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program


1926 302 power operated hand tools22 l.jpg
1926.302 the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labor. It does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the U.S. Department of Labor, nor does mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations imply endorsement by the U.S. Government. Power-operated hand tools

Pneumatic tools should follow these basic rules:

 Never use

compressed

air to clean

work areas

Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program


1926 302 power operated hand tools23 l.jpg
1926.302 the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labor. It does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the U.S. Department of Labor, nor does mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations imply endorsement by the U.S. Government. Power-operated hand tools

Fuel powered tools are not to be

operating while being refueled,

serviced, or maintained.

The fuel shall be transported,

handled, and stored accordingly

to OSHA’s Subpart F.

Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program


1926 302 power operated hand tools24 l.jpg
1926.302 the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labor. It does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the U.S. Department of Labor, nor does mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations imply endorsement by the U.S. Government. Power-operated hand tools

When fuel powered tools are being used in

enclosed spaces, the concentration of toxic

gases must be assessed and the proper PPE is

to be used.

Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program


1926 302 power operated hand tools25 l.jpg
1926.302 the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labor. It does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the U.S. Department of Labor, nor does mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations imply endorsement by the U.S. Government. Power-operated hand tools

Hydraulic power tools operate by fluid under

pressure. This fluid is to be fire resistant and

retain its operating characteristics at the most

extreme temperatures to which it will be exposed.

The manufacturer’s safe operation pressures for

hoses, valves, pipes, filters, and other fittings shall

not be exceeded.

Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program


1926 302 power operated hand tools26 l.jpg
1926.302 the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labor. It does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the U.S. Department of Labor, nor does mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations imply endorsement by the U.S. Government. Power-operated hand tools

Powder-actuated tools are to be operated only by

employees who have been trained in the operation

of the particular tool in use.

These tools are to be tested

every day before loading to

see that safety devices are

in proper working condition.

Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program


1926 302 power operated hand tools27 l.jpg
1926.302 the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labor. It does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the U.S. Department of Labor, nor does mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations imply endorsement by the U.S. Government. Power-operated hand tools

Powder-actuated tools operate like guns. They

are not to be loaded until just prior to the intended

firing time and are never to be aimed at anyone.

All tools should be used with the correct shield,

guard, or attachment recommended by the

manufacturer.

Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program


1926 303 abrasive wheels and tools l.jpg
1926.303 the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labor. It does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the U.S. Department of Labor, nor does mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations imply endorsement by the U.S. Government. Abrasive wheels and tools

When dealing with abrasive wheels and tools

(usually saws and grinders) they must be supplied

with sufficient power to maintain the spindle

speed at safe levels under all conditions.

Do not run a wheel or blade faster than its

maximum rated capacity.

Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program


1926 303 abrasive wheels and tools29 l.jpg
1926.303 the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labor. It does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the U.S. Department of Labor, nor does mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations imply endorsement by the U.S. Government. Abrasive wheels and tools

Appropriate guarding must be used on tools,

covering the spindle end, nut, and flange

projections unless otherwise protected.

The safety guard is to be

mounted so as to maintain

proper alignment with the

wheel.

Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program


1926 303 abrasive wheels and tools30 l.jpg
1926.303 the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labor. It does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the U.S. Department of Labor, nor does mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations imply endorsement by the U.S. Government. Abrasive wheels and tools

All abrasive wheels are to be closely inspected

and ring-tested before mounting.

A ring test is a way of making sure an abrasive

wheel is free of cracks and other effects. Upon

tapping, undamaged wheel rings will sound

clear, while damaged will sound flat.

Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program


1926 303 abrasive wheels and tools31 l.jpg
1926.303 the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labor. It does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the U.S. Department of Labor, nor does mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations imply endorsement by the U.S. Government. Abrasive wheels and tools

Protective eyewear is to be worn at all times

when working with these tools except where

adequate eye protection is

afforded by eye shields

which are permanently

attached to the bench

or floor stand.

Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program


1926 304 woodworking tools l.jpg
1926.304 the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labor. It does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the U.S. Department of Labor, nor does mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations imply endorsement by the U.S. Government. Woodworking tools

Woodworking tools would include circular saws,

radial arm saws, crosscut saws, and ripsaws.

This equipment shall be provided with a

disconnect switch that can either be locked or

tagged in the off position.

Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program


1926 304 woodworking tools33 l.jpg
1926.304 the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labor. It does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the U.S. Department of Labor, nor does mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations imply endorsement by the U.S. Government. Woodworking tools

Circular saws are to have the operating speed

permanently marked on all circular saws over 20

inches in diameter or operating at over 10,000

peripheral feet per minute.

These tools must also be

properly guarded with

hoods and covers.

Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program


1926 305 jacks l.jpg
1926.305 Jacks the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labor. It does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the U.S. Department of Labor, nor does mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.

Types of jacks we may be referring to would be

lever and ratchet, screw, and hydraulic.

The manufacturers rated

capacity shall be legibly

marked on all jacks and

shall not be exceeded.

All jacks are to have a positive stop to prevent

overtravel.

Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program


1926 305 jacks35 l.jpg
1926.305 Jacks the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labor. It does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the U.S. Department of Labor, nor does mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.

Jacks are to be centered under the load on a firm

and level foundation.

Jacks being used on a constant basis should be

inspected every 6 months. Those jacks subjected

to an abnormal load or shock shall be inspected

immediately before and after.

Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program


1926 306 air receivers l.jpg
1926.306 Air receivers the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labor. It does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the U.S. Department of Labor, nor does mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.

This area concerns compressed air receivers, and

other equipment used for cleaning, drilling,

hoisting, and chipping.

Air receivers are storage tanks for compressed air.

They must be installed above ground so that all

drains, handholes, and manholes are easily

accessible.

Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program


1926 306 air receivers37 l.jpg
1926.306 Air receivers the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labor. It does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the U.S. Department of Labor, nor does mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.

A drain pipe and valve shall be installed at the

lowest point of every air receiver and should be

cleaned often.

An indicating pressure gage is to be readily

visible. There should also be at least one or more

spring-loaded safety valve.

Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program


1926 307 mechanical power transmission apparatus l.jpg
1926.307 Mechanical power transmission apparatus. the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labor. It does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the U.S. Department of Labor, nor does mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.

This section covers all types

and shapes of power-

transmission belts, rods,

shafts, pulleys, gears, and

similar devices when

operating at 250 feet per

minute or less.

Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program


1926 307 mechanical power transmission apparatus39 l.jpg
1926.307 Mechanical power transmission apparatus. the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labor. It does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the U.S. Department of Labor, nor does mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.

This apparatus has dangerous moving parts which

must be guarded:

Belts

Gears

Shafts

Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program


1926 307 mechanical power transmission apparatus40 l.jpg
1926.307 Mechanical power transmission apparatus. the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labor. It does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the U.S. Department of Labor, nor does mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.

This apparatus has dangerous moving parts which

must be guarded:

Pulleys Drums

Sprockets Fly wheels

Spindles Chains

Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program


Slide41 l.jpg

This material was produced under grant number 46C5-HT16 from the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labor. It does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the U.S. Department of Labor, nor does mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.


Slide42 l.jpg
END the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labor. It does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the U.S. Department of Labor, nor does mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.

  • This publication was made possible by grant numbers 5 U45 ES06182-13 AND 5 U45 ES09763-13 from the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS), NIH. Its contents are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official views of the NIEHS, NIH.

Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program


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