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Web-Based GIS for Hydrological Impact Analysis. Bernie Engel, Professor and Head Larry Theller, GIS Specialist Agricultural and Biological Engineering Purdue University. Workshop Focus. This workshop gives an introduction to web-based GIS for Hydrological analysis.

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Web based gis for hydrological impact analysis l.jpg

Web-Based GISfor Hydrological Impact Analysis

Bernie Engel, Professor and Head

Larry Theller, GIS Specialist

Agricultural and Biological Engineering

Purdue University


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Workshop Focus

This workshop gives an introduction to web-based GIS for Hydrological analysis.

At the end of the workshop you would be able to access available watersheds, delineate these watersheds and change the land use within these watersheds.

Several outputs are then available to assess the feasibility of the proposed changes.

https://engineering.purdue.edu/~lthia/MSDSS/index.html


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Assumptions

  • Water flows across the surface to form flowshed

    • no storm drains

  • Water equally spread across landscape

    • No routing

  • Average antecedent moisture

    • soil is not saturated or frozen

  • Rainfall is evenly spread in local area


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Limitations

  • Accuracy of landuse and soil data

    • Big limitation

  • Accuracy of runoff curve number

    • Hydrological impacts are understated

    • LID not reflected

  • Accuracy of published NPS relationship

    • Lead in runoff based on 1990’s models


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Curve Number Basics:

rainfall to runoff ratio for different surfaces

Direct

Runoff

Rainfall

http://www.ecn.purdue.edu/runoff/documentation/scs.htm



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Take-Home points

DEM is only used to calculate flowshed

DEM is not used for erosion – or runoff

Runoff is based on surface type – not slope

won’t account for frozen ground

30 year average rainfall

Chemistry is based on landuse averages


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Databases provide input

  • Weather data (30 years of real rainfall)

  • Soil data (SSURGO ) or STATSGO

  • Elevation data 30m or 10m DEM (for contributing area)


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L-THIA Example AnalysisFebruary 2010

Uses Wisconsin data.

Discussion slides to follow the PDF:

WQ Tools Workshop2.PDF

Bernie Engel,

Agricultural and Biological Engineering

Purdue University

https://engineering.purdue.edu/~lthia/MSDSS/WQToolsWorkshop.pdf


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Online Watershed Delineation

  • Launch the webpage at:https://engineering.purdue.edu/~lthia/wi/

  • Click on Wisconsin 10/30 meter

  • You should be at the Watershed Delineation Map Interface



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Water layers are toggled on, watersheds are toggled off. Water is NHD High Resolution Streamlines

Enter: Monches, WI

and click Search button


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High Impact Target layers from Michigan State Institute for Water Resources, and HUC layers from EPA streaming data services.



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This is the development area urban areas.

This is a good delineation point. Click “delineate” button then click here.



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Watershed (HUC8,10,12) info urban areas.

Pour Point (point clicked on) coordinates in local coordinate system.

Landuse and soil breakdown for Watershed

Area in acres of each unique landuse – hydrologic soil pair.

Option to view this watershed over Google Maps. Choose this.

Online models with data populated form this delineated area


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Click pushpin to see toolbar. urban areas.

To edit landuse: Click tab: Digitize

Then click link “Online Digitize”;

Pour Point


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Foreground Layers urban areas.

Background Layers

Set the layers for edit session, then click here


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Click “polygon” button and draw one with a final click on start point; then right-click inside to see pop-up menu for landuse selection. Last step is to click “Apply BMPs…”


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Right-click inside new polygon to select on start point; then right-click inside to see pop-up menu for landuse; and click toggle button to “Apply BMPs”


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Tabular breakdown of area of all unique pairs of soil and on start point; then right-click inside to see pop-up menu for landuse types.

The L-THIA spreadsheet will be populated by these automatically.

Online models with data populated from this delineated area.


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LTHIA Online tools on start point; then right-click inside to see pop-up menu for

  • EPA Region 5 : L-THIA Hydrologic Impact Assessment Tool

    • https://engineering.purdue.edu/~lthia/

  • Burns Ditch - Trail Creek

    • https://engineering.purdue.edu/mapserve/www/lthia_bdin/

    • Swan Creek Management System

      Main page: http://35.9.116.206/swancreek/home.asp

      L-thia Page: https://engineering.purdue.edu/~lthia/swancreek/


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Links below region 5 states go to Watershed Management Systems. These have BMPs added to the landuse tools.


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https://engineering.purdue.edu/mapserve/www/lthia_bdin/ Systems. These have BMPs added to the


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Online Watershed Delineation Systems. These have BMPs added to the

  • We will be using some tools to navigate in the map

  • At the top of the Map Interface locate the following four tools

  • Ignore the tools within the map area for the moment


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Online Watershed Delineation Systems. These have BMPs added to the

  • Click on the center of Logan County then click on the zoom in tool

  • Repeat the zoom in tool until Highways appear in the map (this should take two zoom ins)

  • Do two more zoom ins into the Logan County

  • Click on the “elbow” in the following Highway then click on pan

  • This centers the map at the “elbow”


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LTHIA Systems. These have BMPs added to the

  • Save drawing, then merge digitized land use with watershed map (buttons are at the bottom of page)

  • The land use before and after digitizing will be presented:


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L-THIA Input Page After Changing Land Use Systems. These have BMPs added to the

Multiple scenarios – offer multiple development options. User constructs scenario by online digitizing.


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LTHIA Systems. These have BMPs added to the

  • Select the Run L-THIA button, this should take a few seconds

  • The L-THIA Output presents two scenarios (before and after land use change)


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NPS Pollutant Loading Chart Systems. These have BMPs added to the


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The End Systems. These have BMPs added to the


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