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Medical English. Maria Pinto. Teacher information. Weeks 2-5: Maria Pinto Phone: 054 740 4719 Email: [email protected] Office: English Professors’ Room 1, Wonhyogwan Office hours: Tuesdays and Wednesdays 11-12. Weeks 2-5: Basic word structure. In this part of the course, we will

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Medical english

Medical English

Maria Pinto


Teacher information
Teacher information

  • Weeks 2-5: Maria Pinto

  • Phone: 054 740 4719

  • Email: [email protected]

  • Office: English Professors’ Room 1, Wonhyogwan

  • Office hours: Tuesdays and Wednesdays 11-12


Weeks 2 5 basic word structure
Weeks 2-5: Basic word structure

In this part of the course, we will

  • Learn to divide medical words into their component parts

  • Learn to identify prefixes, suffixes, roots and combining words

  • Learn the meanings of the various parts of words

  • Learn to build medical words using the combining forms, prefixes and suffixes



Dividing medical words
Dividing medical words

  • Three parts: root, combining vowel, suffix

    Example: Hematology  hemat / o / logy

    root / combining vowel / suffix

    Practice 1: Divide the following medical words:

  • Cardiology

  • Psychology

  • Urology


Dividing medical words root combining vowel suffix

Dividing medical words =root + combining vowel + suffix

The root


Root words
Root words

  • Usually at the beginning of the word

  • Sometimes in the middle of a word

  • Rarely at the end of a word

    Some root words we have already used:

  • hemat – meaning blood

  • cardi – meaning heart

  • psych – meaning mind

  • ur – meaning urinary tract or urine


Dividing medical words root combining vowel suffix1

Dividing medical words =root + combining vowel + suffix

Combining vowel


Combining vowel
Combining vowel

  • Usually ‘o’

  • Has no meaning of its own

  • Joins a root to a suffix

    e.g. cardi / o / logy

  • Joins a root to another root

    e.g. electr / o / cardi / o / gram

  • Is not used when followed by a suffix that starts with ‘i’ (e.g. ‘itis’, ‘ic’)


Combining forms
Combining forms

  • Combining forms = root + combining vowel (usually ‘o’)

    Therefore we get:

  • Hemat/o

  • Cardi/o

  • Psych/o

  • Ur/o


Practice 2 more word divisions
Practice 2: More word divisions

Now try to divide the following words:

  • Gastroenterology

  • Osteoarthritis

  • Psychopathology

  • Hepatic

  • Carcinogenic

    (Hint: Some words have more than one root.)


More combining forms
More combining forms

  • English word: intestines

  • Medical combining word: enter/o


More combining forms1
More combining forms

  • English word: bone

  • Medical combining word: oste/o


More combining forms2
More combining forms

  • English word: nose

  • Medical combining word: rhin/o


More combining forms3
More combining forms

  • English word: brain

  • Medical combining word: encephal/o


More combining forms4
More combining forms

  • English word: kidney

  • Medical combining words: ren/o,nephr/o


More combining forms5
More combining forms

  • English word: head

  • Medical combining word: cephal/o


More combining forms6
More combining forms

  • English word: liver

  • Medical combining word: hepat/o


More combining forms7
More combining forms

  • English word: stomach

  • Medical combining word: gastr/o


More combining forms8
More combining forms

  • English word: joint

  • Medical combining word: arthr/o



Dividing medical words root combining vowel suffix2

Dividing medical words =root + combining vowel + suffix

The suffix


Suffixes
Suffixes

  • Are word endings

  • Have a meaning

    Some suffix meanings:

  • logy means study of

  • itis means inflammation

  • genic means (pertaining to)producing

  • ic means pertaining to / about

  • gram means record



Forming and dividing medical terms
Forming and dividing medical terms

  • Root + combining vowel + suffix = medical term

  • Read the suffix first, then start from the beginning of the term to work out the meaning

    e.g. hemat(2) / o / logy(1) study ofthe blood

    e.g. electr (2) / o / cardi(3) / o / gram (1) record ofthe electricity inthe heart




Practice 4 forming medical terms
Practice 4: Forming medical terms

Write the medical term for the following:

  • record of the heart

  • inflammation of the joints

  • kidney disease

  • study of the nerves

  • pertaining to the stomach


Review
Review

So far, medical term =

  • root + combining vowel + suffix

    or

  • root + combining vowel + root + combining vowel + suffix

    BUT can also be made up with prefixes


Dividing medical words prefix root combining vowel suffix

Dividing medical words =prefix + root + (combining vowel +) suffix

The prefix


Prefixes
Prefixes

  • Are word beginnings

  • Are followed by a root

  • Do not use a combining vowel to join to the root

  • Medical term = prefix + root + suffix

    e.g.epi / gastr / ic

  • Modify the meaning of the medical term

    e.g.epi / gastr / ic

    • pertaining toabovethe stomach

  • Read the suffix first, then start from the beginning of the term to work out the meaning



Practice 5 dividing medical terms
Practice 5: Dividing medical terms

Write the meanings of the following medical terms:

  • hypogastric

  • subhepatic

  • endocrinologist

  • autopsy

  • prognosis

  • pericardium

  • anemia


Practical applications
Practical applications

  • (turn to page 15 of your textbooks)

  • (turn to page 19 of your textbooks)

  • (turn to page 22 of your textbooks)

    Work with a partner.


Pronunciation of medical terms
Pronunciation of medical terms

(turn to page 26 of your textbooks)


Week 3
Week 3...

  • Homework: go through the exercises in Chapter 1.

  • In Week 3, we will:

    • Look at terms describing the structural organisation of the body

    • Identify body cavities and the organs contained within them

    • Study positional and directional terms

    • Work on the pronunciation of these terms

    • Learn more combining forms and their meanings

    • Improve and add to our understanding of (the formation of) medical terms


Teacher contact information
Teacher contact information

  • Weeks 2-5: Maria Pinto

  • Phone: 054 740 4719

  • Email: [email protected]

  • Office: English Professors’ Room 1, Wonhyogwan

  • Office hours: Tuesdays and Wednesdays 11-12


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