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Keystone Review Passive Transport. A – ATP is a source of energy, and facilitated diffusion does not require the input of energy. B – Facilitated diffusion relies on membrane proteins such as channels or carriers to move materials across the membrane.

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keystone review passive transport
Keystone Review Passive Transport
  • A – ATP is a source of energy, and facilitated diffusion does not require the input of energy.
  • B – Facilitated diffusion relies on membrane proteins such as channels or carriers to move materials across the membrane.
  • C – Diffusion achieves equilibrium by decreasing solute concentration where it is higher and increasing it where it is lower.
  • B – Water followed the solute and moved into the side with higher solute concentration. Osmosis equalizes the solute concentrations.
keystone review passive transport1
Keystone Review Passive Transport
  • Yes, the outcome depicted in diagram 1 is a possible result of the original situation. Due to passive transport, the solute diffused across the membrane until it reach equilibrium.
keystone review passive transport2
Keystone Review Passive Transport

B. No, the outcome depicted in diagram 2 is no a possible result of the original situation. Passive transport ceases once equilibrium has been reached. In order for the result in diagram 2 to occur, the cell would continue moving solute across the membrane after equilibrium has been reached.

keystone review passive transport3
Keystone Review Passive Transport

C. Yes, the outcome depicted in diagram 3 is a possible result of the original situation. The membrane is impermeable to the solute, which cannot enter the cell through passive transport. Therefore, it remains outside the cell.

keystone review active transport
Keystone Review Active Transport
  • B – Active transport requires the input of energy while passive transport does not require energy.
  • C – Hydrogen ions are actively transported, creating a concentration gradient. Movement of hydrogen ions down the gradient transports sucrose in the same direction, creating a higher concentration of sucrose in the cell.
  • B – Vesicles being formed during the active transport of material into and out of the cell.
  • C – The ion is being transported against its concentration gradient. The concentration gradient is created and maintained through the use of energy.
keystone review active transport1
Keystone Review Active Transport

Constructed Response

A. Concentration gradients cause passive transport to occur. If there is no concentration gradient, then equilibrium has been reached and passive transport will not occur. Active transport can create and maintain a concentration gradient through the use of energy.

keystone review active transport2
Keystone Review Active Transport

Constructed Response

B. In passive transport, materials move through the phospholipid bilayer if it is permeable to that substance. In active transport, the phospholipid bilayer forms vesicles that transport the materials contained inside, fusing with other membranes.

keystone review active transport3
Keystone Review Active Transport

Constructed Response

C. In passive transport, membrane proteins may allow molecules or ions through the membrane. They do not use energy and cannot move against the concentration gradient. In active transport, protein pumps use energy in the form of ATP to move substances against their concentration gradient. Membrane receptor proteins may also aid in endocytosis.