Hemingway Family Roots Ernest was the second child, and first son, born to Clarence and Grace Hemingway
Parent Influence • Father-Clarence • Mother-Grace He really appreciated and loved nature because he was introduced to it when he was really young. Ernest and his mom didn’t always get along but later in life he appreciated her for it.
Education High School Accomplishments High School Activities • Attended Oak Park and River Forest High School (1913-1917) • Excelled in English Class • Wrote in & Edited The Trapeze and the Tabula • (the school's newspaper and yearbook, this happened because he took a journalism class his junior year and his work was good) • Used pen name Ring Lardner, Jr. in honor of Ring Lardner of the Chicago Tribune whose byline was "Line O'Type”
Military Life Patriotic In: Present for: World War I (1918-1919) • Enlisted as Ambulance Driver in Italy • Stationed at the Italian Front & FossaltadiPiave • Received the Italian Silver Medal of Bravery (he carried an Italian soldier to safety, while he was wounded) World War II (1939-1945) • Formally charged for a contravention of the Geneva Convention* • Awarded a Bronze Star Spanish Civil War (1937-1939) • Reporter for the North American Newspaper Alliance (NANA) • Battle of the Ebro (1938) World War II (1939-1945) • D-Day Landing (1944) • Liberation of Paris (1944) • Battle of the Bulge (1944) • Battle of Hürtgen Forest (1944-1945) *Hemingway became de facto leader to this militia in Rambouillet.He got into a lot of trouble but said he "beat the rap" by claiming that he only offered advice.
Ernest’s Good Friends Childhood & Literary Other Close Friends • Jon Dos Passos • Eric Edward “Chink” Dorman-Smith • Henry Sorrano Villard • Gertrude Stein (his mentor) • James Joyce • Ezra Pound • F. Scott Fitzgerald • Max Perkins • Sherwood Anderson • W.B. Yeats • Ford Madox Ford • PioBaroja • Pablo Picasso • Joan Miro • Juan Gris • JorisIvens • Carl Sandberg • Isak Dinesen • Bernard Berenson
Ernest’s Literary Skills:“The Iceberg Theory” Descriptions of his writing style Awards & Influence • simple sentences • used his experiences and drew them out with "what if" scenarios • writer of short stories • crafted skeletal sentences • "multi-focal" photographic reality • Intentional omissions • “snapshot" style creates a collage of images • Pulitzer Prize for Fiction (1953) • Nobel Prize in Literature (1954) • Strong influence on 20th-century fiction The Iceberg Theory (also known as the "theory of omission") is the writing style of American writer Ernest Hemingway. Hemingway called his style the iceberg theory: the facts float above water; the supporting structure and symbolism operate out of sight.
A Few of Ernest’s Most Known Works Novels Collections (1926) The Torrents of Spring (1926) The Sun Also Rises (1929) A Farewell to Arms (1937) To Have and Have Not (1940) For Whom the Bell Tolls (1950) Across the River and Into the Trees (1952) The Old Man and the Sea (1970) Islands in the Stream (1986) The Garden of Eden (1999) True at First Light (1923) Three Stories and Ten Poems (1925) In Our Time (1927) Men Without Women (1933) Winner Take Nothing (1938) The Fifth Column and the First Forty-Nine Stories (1961) The Snows of Kilimanjaro and Other Stories (1969) The Fifth Column and Four Stories of the Spanish Civil War (1972) The Nick Adams Stories (1979) 88 Poems
Some of Ernest’s Literary Work Nonfiction Posthumous (1932) Death in the Afternoon (1935) Green Hills of Africa (1962) Hemingway, The Wild Years (1964) A Moveable Feast (1967) By-Line: Ernest Hemingway (1970) Ernest Hemingway: CubReporter (1985) The Dangerous Summer (1985) Dateline: Toronto (1992) The Complete Poems (2005) Under Kilimanjaro (1964) A Moveable Feast (1969) The Fifth Column and Four Stories of the Spanish Civil War (1970) Islands in the Stream (1972) The Nick Adams Stories (1985) The Dangerous Summer (1986) The Garden of Eden (1987) The Complete Short Stories Of Ernest Hemingway (1999) True at First Light
Who Ernest Wrote for • The Kansas City Star • Toronto Star • Cooperative Commonwealth • Transatlantic review • North American Newspaper Alliance (NANA) • PM (Picture Magazine)
Interesting Facts about Ernest Hemingway • Relied heavily on the Kansas City Star’s style guide as a foundation for his writing: "Use short sentences. Use short first paragraphs. Use vigorous English. Be positive, not negative.” • He had A LOT of injuries from accidents, crashes & bad decisions • Heavy Drinker • Family known for committing suicide (Clarence-father, Ursula-younger sister, Leicester-brother, Margaux-granddaughter, and Ernest) • There are plays, movies, statues, clubs, schools, highways, competitions, and other things named after him • The FBI had opened a file on him during WWII.