Kennings Poetic synonyms found in Germanic poetry A descriptive phrase or compound word that substitutes for a noun Examples: “The Almighty’s enemy” and “sin-stained demon” are used in place of Grendel’s name
Alliteration The repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words Used to emphasize particular words, images, heighten moods, or create musical effects. Also, used in oral tradition for memorization. Example: The ancient blade broke, bit into The monster’s skin, drew blood…
Rhythm Pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry. Brings out musical quality in language, emphasis in ideas, unifies main ideas, heightens emotional response and creates mood. Old English PoetryCeasura- midline pause that separates two stressed syllables (alliteration usually is involved) Example: See pg. 1428 of textbook and lines 736-740 of Beowulf.
Personification Figure of speech in which human qualities are given to an object, animal, or idea. Helps communicate feelings and images in a concise, concrete way Example: death’s cold grip
Symbols A person, place, object, or activity that stands for something beyond itself. Examples: firedevilevil Lightgoodnesslife
Role of FATE & FAME Line 486 Line 257 Line 159 Line 179