city states in mesopotamia
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
City-States in Mesopotamia

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 16

City-States in Mesopotamia - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 130 Views
  • Uploaded on

City-States in Mesopotamia. Rivers=Life Blood. Tigris and Euphrates Rivers Flow From modern day Turkey To Persian Gulf. Geography. Mesopotamia Greek=“Land Between the Rivers” Fertile Crescent Fertile plains Rain=Flooding Flooding=Silt Silt=Farmland Wheat & Barley (villages grow).

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' City-States in Mesopotamia' - dai-herring


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
rivers life blood
Rivers=Life Blood
  • Tigris and Euphrates Rivers
  • Flow
    • From modern day Turkey
    • To Persian Gulf
geography
Geography
  • Mesopotamia
    • Greek=“Land Between the Rivers”
  • Fertile Crescent
    • Fertile plains
      • Rain=Flooding
      • Flooding=Silt
      • Silt=Farmland
      • Wheat & Barley (villages grow)
environmental challenges
Environmental Challenges
  • Settling & farming began Southern Mesopotamia
  • Sumerians 3500 B.C.
    • Mixed w/ farms
    • Language b/c dominant
    • Attracted
      • Good soil
      • Flat
      • Swampy
      • Land of Sumer
disadvantages
Disadvantages
  • Flooding = unpredictable rivers
    • Becomes desert
    • Little/no rain
  • Sumer small region
    • Massachusetts
    • Open plain
    • Clusters of reed huts
  • Natural Resources limited
    • No supply of stone, wood, metal
solutions
Solutions
  • Irrigation ditches
  • Defense (mud make city walls)
  • Traded grain, cloth, & tools w/ mountain people
  • Solutions = ?
    • Organization
    • Leadership
    • Laws
    • Government
sumerians create city states
Sumerians create City-States
  • 5 characteristics of civilizations
  • 3000 B.C. had # of cities
    • Uruk
    • Kish
    • Lagash
    • Umma
    • Ur
  • What is City-State?
ziggurat
Ziggurat
  • Center of city
  • Place of worship
  • Government center (pay taxes)
  • Priests have power
    • Political
    • Religious
sumerian culture
Sumerian Culture
  • Religion
    • Polytheistic
    • Enlil (most powerful god)
    • Udugs (wickedness gods)
      • Cause disease
      • Misfortune
      • Any human trouble
    • 3,000 gods
      • Like humans
      • We are servants
      • Angry gods = natural disasters
      • Sacrifices
    • Death = “Land of no return”
science technology
Science & Technology
  • Inventions
    • Wheel
    • Sail
    • Plow
  • Bronze
  • Writing
  • Known maps 2300 B.C.
  • Recorded scientific investigations
  • Geometry & arithmetic
    • # system based on 60
    • 60 seconds = 1 minute
    • 360°
empire builders
Empire Builders
  • Wars
    • City-states @ war w/ one another 3000-2000 B.C.
    • Weaken state
    • Culture survived
sargon of akkad
Sargon of Akkad
  • 2350 B.C. defeats Sumer
  • From North
  • Semitic language = related to Hebrew & Arabic
  • 1st Empire
    • Mediterranean coast in West
    • To present day Iran in East
    • Lasted 200 years
      • Civil War
      • Famine
      • Invasions
babylonian empire
Babylonian Empire
  • 2000 B.C. nomadic warriors (Amorites) invade
  • Overwhelm Sumerians
  • Babylon b/c capital
  • Hammurabi 1792-1750 B.C. (peak)
hummurabi s code
Hummurabi’s Code
  • Uniforming code in kingdom
  • Collected
    • Existing rules
    • Judgment
    • Laws
code cont
Code cont.
  • Engrave in stone
    • Places throughout empire
    • 282 Laws
      • Community
      • Family relations
      • Business conduct
      • Crime
  • Laws apply to everyone different punishments
    • Rich & poor
    • Men & women
  • Eye for an Eye
  • Significance
    • Government responsible
ad