World war ii on the homefront
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WORLD WAR II on THE HOMEFRONT. In a total war, the home front changes. MORE GOVERNMENT CONTROL CIVILIANS MAKE SACRIFICES CIVIL RIGHTS GAINS MADE, ESPECIALLY FOR BLACKS AND WOMEN. Gov’t expands its role in managing the economy. War Production Board controls production.

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World war ii on the homefront
WORLD WAR II on THE HOMEFRONT

  • In a total war, the home front changes.

    • MORE GOVERNMENT CONTROL

    • CIVILIANS MAKE SACRIFICES

    • CIVIL RIGHTS GAINS MADE, ESPECIALLY FOR BLACKS AND WOMEN


Gov t expands its role in managing the economy
Gov’t expands its role in managing the economy

  • War Production Board controls production.

    • Tells factories what to make, how much to make and how much to charge.

    • This saves time

    • Ford stops making cars—makes tanks, jeeps etc.

    • Grand Haven

      • Story And Clark Pianos switch to glider parts


Propaganda
Propaganda

  • Government uses propaganda to get people to support the war effort


Big push to work in factories
Big Push to Work In Factories

  • Production of war goods was essential

  • Government pushes the idea that you could be a “soldier” in the factory.


Buying war bonds
BUYING WAR BONDS

  • Citizens encouraged to buy bonds to support war.

  • During War, people are working, but there’s nothing to buy.

  • Government works to get citizens to invest in war effort

  • In Grand Haven, we built a new Escanaba



Sacrificing for the war effort
Sacrificing for the War Effort

  • People put personal issues aside to contribute to war effort.

  • One Way is by rationing.


Rationing
RATIONING

  • Amounts of key goods (food, gas, rubber etc.) were rationed.

  • Citizens issued stamps that were turned in when they bought products.



Victory gardens
VICTORY GARDENS

  • Citizens were encouraged to grow their own food so more of commercial farmers’ output could go to war effort


Recycling
RECYCLING

  • Citizens were encouraged to recycle to help war drive

  • Scrap Iron

  • Scrap Rubber

  • Kids even saved Bacon Grease



Even car pooling
Even Car Pooling they needed.

  • What’s the message here?


Civil rights gains
CIVIL RIGHTS GAINS they needed.

  • Women get to move into “men’s work”

  • African-Americans get more job opportunities

  • Mexicans allowed to come to USA under “Bracero” program.


Women move into factories
Women move into factories they needed.

  • “Rosie The Riveter” becomes a symbol of all women in the factories.

  • New jobs=increased freedom, self-esteem




African americans make gains
African Americans make gains they needed.

  • DOUBLE V CAMPAIGN (beat the enemy overseas, beat racism at home)

  • A. Phillip Randolph threatened protest and march on Washington if FDR didn’t do something about discrimination in factories


Fdr issues executive order 8802
FDR issues executive order 8802 they needed.

  • Bans discrimination in factories getting government contracts.

  • Creates Fair Employment Practices Commission to keep eye on things

  • First real civil rights gains since 1870s


Mexican americans
Mexican Americans they needed.

  • Bracero program encourages Mexican laborers to come to America to make up for work shortage.


Japanese americans the shameful side of homefront politics
Japanese-Americans—the shameful side of homefront politics they needed.

  • After Pearl Harbor—fear of Japanese.

  • All Japanese Americans on West Coast forced to relocate to concentration camps in desert areas


Was it fair
Was it fair? they needed.

Many were American citizens

None ever found guilty of disloyalty

Many Japanese-Americans served in army with honors


Was it legal
Was it Legal they needed.

  • In 1944, Supreme Court said it was in case Korematsu v. U.S.

  • In 1988, Government admitted wrong doing and paid survivors $20,000


Remember your revolutionary war test
Remember your Revolutionary War Test? they needed.

  • One essay question asked you: “Wars usually make their largest impact in the social realm.” Evaluate this statement for the War for Independence.

  • How would you answer that for WWII