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Gender Policies in Europe. Presentation by Martha Franken, director International Conference: Gender Mainstreaming Cosenza, December 2nd, 2005. Outline. Athena 3b working group European Union – mainstreaming Council of Europe – mainstreaming Flanders – Equal Opportunities Policy.

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gender policies in europe
Gender Policies in Europe

Presentation by Martha Franken, director

International Conference:

Gender Mainstreaming

Cosenza, December 2nd, 2005

Athena 3B

outline
Outline
  • Athena 3b working group
  • European Union – mainstreaming
  • Council of Europe – mainstreaming
  • Flanders – Equal Opportunities Policy

Athena 3B

athena 3b
Athena 3B
  • Athena = Advanced Thematic Network of Gender Studies in Europe
  • 3B = “Reconceptualizing the Notion of Equal Opportunities and Rethinking the Policy Aims and Instruments – a joint effort of Women’s Studies in the Academia, Policy Makers and Women’s organizations

Athena 3B

preliminary activities done
Preliminary activities done
  • First meeting with participants in Madrid 2001 and Portoroz 2002 - growing group
  • First seminar and meeting in Antwerp July 2002
  • Stream Equality at Lund conference Aug 2003 (5 workshops in this stream)
  • The meeting in Lund →paper: Scope of project

Athena 3B

3b aims of project
3B Aims of project
  • Create a Task Force (Think tank)
  • Develop strategic policy objectives
  • EU inventory of policy tools and instruments
  • Training of gender experts
  • Introduction topic EO in university curricula

Athena 3B

3b working methods
3B Working Methods
  • Building up infrastructure for dialogue between actors
  • Analysing bottlenecks, practices, implementation
  • Quantitative/Qualitative research and survey
  • Seminars with presentation of products

Athena 3B

3b products of project
3B Products of project
  • EU Task Force (platform for discussion)
  • Discussion papers
  • Database of experts
  • Inventory and evaluation of policy tools & instruments
  • Inventory of best practices of training possibilities
  • Development of new policy recommendation and tools
  • Teaching materials
  • Dissemination, articles, books...

Athena 3B

3b participants velvet triangle
3B Participants (velvet triangle)
  • Mostly researchers
  • A few policy makers
  • A few women’s movement
  • Combination of the three
  • More actors of the velvet triangle in the national projects that will be going on in the frame of this project

Athena 3B

3b involved countries
3B Involved countries
  • Austria
  • Belgium
  • Cyprus
  • Czech Republic
  • Denmark
  • Finland
  • France
  • Germany
  • Greece
  • Hungary
  • Iceland
  • Italy
  • Malta
  • Netherlands
  • Romania
  • Serbia
  • Slovenia
  • Spain
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • UK

Athena 3B

results in 2005
Results in 2005
  • 40 discussion papers exist about different topics: we are clustering
  • Progress available at website www.rosadoc.be
  • Expertdatabase started www.rosadoc.be
  • Digma database Amazone for mainstreaming instruments www.amazone.be

Athena 3B

european union gender policy
European Union gender policy
  • Treaty of Rome 1957
  • Gender Equality incorporated in DG Employment and Social Policy
  • Mainstreaming introduced since 1995 (Beijing)

Athena 3B

gender mainstreaming in eu
Gender Mainstreaming in EU
  • Incorporation of Equal Opportunities into Community Policies
  • Framework Strategy on E O for Men and Women (2001 – 2005)
  • Action Programme on E O (2001 – 2005)

Athena 3B

incorporation of eo into community policies
Incorporation of EO into community Policies
  • The EU sets out the principle that the gender perspective should systematically be taken into account in all Community Policies and Actions; this should be done actively and openly at the planning stage
  • Act: Communication of the Commission 21 february 1996

Athena 3B

mainstreaming in different areas
Mainstreaming in different areas
  • Employment and the labour market
  • Women entrepreneurs
  • Education and training
  • People’s rights
  • Development cooperation
  • Staff policy
  • The European Structural Funds

Athena 3B

community framework strategy
Community Framework Strategy
  • Objective:

To establish a framework for action providing for gender mainstreaming in all Community Activities in suc a way that they help to attain the goal of removing inequalities and promoting gender equality

  • Act: Commission communication 7 June 2000

Athena 3B

community framework strategy1
Community Framework Strategy
  • Dual-track approach:
    • Gender mainstreaming in all Community policies
    • Introduction of special measures for women
  • The ms approach marks a major change compared to past

Athena 3B

community framework strategy2
Community Framework Strategy
  • The framework strategy encompasses five inter-related fields of action:
    • Economic life
    • Equal participation and representation
    • Social rights
    • Civil life
    • Gender roles and stereotypes

Athena 3B

5th community action programme on eo
5th Community Action Programme on EO
  • Objective:

To promote equality for men and women, particularly by assisting and supporting the Com Framework strategy= funding of projects

  • Act: Council Decision 20 December 2000

Athena 3B

5th community action programme
5th Community Action Programme
  • The actions:
    • Raising awareness
    • Analysis of factors and policies
    • Transnational cooperation
  • Funding: 50 mio euro for 2001 - 2005

Athena 3B

future actions eu
Future Actions EU
  • The framework strategy and community Action programme will be followed by a programme called “Progress”
  • 2007: European Year of Equal Opportunities for All
  • European Gender Institute

www.europa.eu.int

Athena 3B

i what is council of europe
I. What is Council of Europe ?
  • political organisation
  • founded in 1949
  • started with 10 now 44 European member states
  • Aims:
    • promote democracy, human rights and rule of law;
    • develop common responses to political, social, cultural and legal challenges;
  • headquarters: Strasbourg (France)
  • 2 constituent organs : committee of Ministers and Parliamentary Assembly
  • + CLRAE
  • European Court of Human Rights

Athena 3B

working structures for equality
Working Structures for Equality
  • CDEG
  • Mandate CDEG
  • CDEG working groups
  • secretariat : Equality division in Media, Equality and Minorities Department
  • close cooperation with other committees and international organisations

Athena 3B

themes for equality in coe
Themes for Equality in CoE
  • Human Rights: protection, promotion and prevention
  • Human Rights and democratic practices on a daily basis

Athena 3B

a human rights protection promotion and prevention
A.Human Rights : protection, promotion and prevention
  • Trafficking in human beings for sexual exploitation
  • combating violence against women
  • free choice in matters of reproduction and lifestyles
  • Human Rights of girls and young women
  • Migration and equality between women and men
  • women’s participation in conflict prevention and peacebuilding

Athena 3B

b human rights and democracy
B.Human Rights and democracy
  • Balanced representation of Women and Men in all Aspects of Life
  • Gender Mainstreaming
  • Equality in Working World
  • The Role of Men…
  • Institutional Mechanisms
  • Co-operation with NGO’s

Athena 3B

what is mainstreaming
What is Mainstreaming ?

Definition

Gender Mainstreaming is the (re)organisation, improvement, development and evaluation of policy processes, so that a gender equality perspective is incorporated in all policies at all levels and at all stages, by the actors normally involved in policymaking.

Athena 3B

prerequisites
Prerequisites
  • Political will
  • Specific gender equality policy
  • Statistics
  • Comprehensive knowledge of gender relations
  • Knowledge of the administration
  • Necessary funds and Human Resources
  • Participation of both sexes in decision-making processes

Athena 3B

mainstreaming when
Mainstreaming : When?
  • Which moment in the policy process?
    • Policy preparing and planning stage
    • Policy deciding stage
    • Policy implementing stage
    • Policy evaluating stage

Athena 3B

mainstreaming what
Mainstreaming : what ?
  • Which policy areas?
    • Most policy fields are relevant for gender mainstreaming because they directly or indirectly have an impact on the life of women and men
    • One can start with the crucial areas of concern

Athena 3B

mainstreaming where
Mainstreaming : where ?
  • Which policy levels?
    • All levels

Athena 3B

coe new developments
Coe : new developments
  • Recommendation R(98)14 on Gender mainstreaming
  • Message to other steering committees of the Coe to use GM in their programmes of activities
  • Informal network on GM – yearly meeting
  • New report on Gender Budgeting

Athena 3B

gender budgeting
Gender Budgeting
  • Definition:

GB is an application of gender mainstreaming in the budgetary process. It means a gender-based assessment of budgets, incorporating a gender perspective at all levels of the budgetary process and restructuring revenues and expenditures in order to promote gender equality.

Athena 3B

equal opportunities in flanders
Equal Opportunities in Flanders
  • A mainstreaming case:
    • Situated in coordination department of Ministry of Flanders
    • Interdepartmental Commission Equal Opportunities
    • New approach with Open Coordination Method

Athena 3B

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