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Global Standards Collaboration (GSC) 14. IEEE Smart Grid Activities. Dr. W. Charlton Adams President, IEEE Standards Association. Smart Grid Standardization. Smart Grid Definitions.

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Global Standards Collaboration (GSC) 14

IEEE Smart Grid Activities

Dr. W. Charlton Adams

President,

IEEE Standards Association



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Smart Grid Definitions

“An automated, widely distributed energy delivery network characterized by a two-way flow of electricity and information, capable of monitoring and responding to changes in everything from power plants to customer preferences to individual appliances.”

“An electricity delivery system (from point of generation to point of consumption) integrated with communications and information technology.”


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IEEE’s Role in Smart Grid

  • IEEEUtilizes the global expertise and synergy of the IEEE's 44 societies and technical councils in technical development, education, publication, and standards community

  • IEEE-SABaseline IEEE standards in diverse fields such as power, communications, digital information management controls technology, networking, security, reliability assessment, interconnection of distributed resources including renewable energy sources to the grid, sensors, electric metering, broadband over power line, and systems engineering uniquely position the IEEE-SA to integrate these technologies into a forward-looking platform


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Aerospace & Electronic Systems

Antennas & Propagation

Broadcast Technology

Circuits & Systems

Communications

Components, Packaging, &

Manufacturing Technology

Computer

Computational Intelligence

Consumer Electronics

Control Systems

Council on Electronic Design Automation

Council on Superconductivity

Dielectrics & Electrical Insulation

Education

Electromagnetic Compatibility

Electron Devices

Engineering in Medicine & Biology

Geosciences & Remote Sensing

Industrial Electronics

Industry Applications

Information Theory

Intelligent Transportation Systems

Instrumentation & Measurement

Lasers & Electro-Optics

Magnetics

Microwave Theory & Techniques

Nanotechnology Council

Nuclear & Plasma Sciences

Oceanic Engineering

Power Electronics

Power Engineering

Product Safety Engineering

Professional Communication

Reliability

Robotics & Automation

Sensors Council

Signal Processing

Social Implications of Technology

Solid-State Circuits

Systems Council

Systems, Man, & Cybernetics

Technology Management Council

Ultrasonic's, Ferroelectrics,

& Frequency Control

Vehicular Technology

44 IEEE Technical Societies/Councils


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Interoperability - Distributed Energy Resources (DER) on Transmission and Distribution

  • Systems Approach

  • Interconnection & Interfaces

  • Technical Standards • Advanced Technologies

  • • Systems Integration

Bulk Power

Substations

sensors

(Also, larger DER on transmission)

Distribution System

Load Management

Transmission System

sensors

sensors

Communications – Information Flow, Data Management, Monitor & Control

DER Interconnections

Combined Heat

& Power

sensors


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Smart Grid Project Background Transmission and Distribution

  • December 2008: IEEE-SA initiated the development of a project strategy in anticipation of the NIST recommendations in 2009

  • March 2009: IEEE-SA initiates P2030 activity

    • Chair: Richard DeBlasio

    • Vice Chair: Tom Prevost

    • Secretary: Tom Basso

  • May 2009: NIST Initial Smart Grid Interoperability Standards Framework, Release 1.0


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NIST Initial Smart Grid Interoperability Standards Framework Transmission and Distribution

AMI-SEC System Security Requirements Advanced metering infrastructure (AMI) and Smart Grid end-to-end security

ANSI C12.19/MC1219Revenue metering information model

BAC net ANSI ASHRAE 135-2008/ISO 16484-5Building automation

DNP3 Substation and feeder device automation

IEC 60870-6 / TASE.2Inter-control center communications

IEC 61850Substation automation and protection

IEC 61968/61970 Application level energy management system interfaces

IEC 62351 Parts 1-8 Information security for power system control operations

IEEE C37.118 Phasor measurement unit (PMU) communications

IEEE 1547 Physical and electrical interconnections between utility and distributed generation (DG)

IEEE 1686-2007 Security for intelligent electronic devices (IEDs)

NERC CIP 002-009Cyber security standards for the bulk power system

NIST Special Publication (SP) 800-53,

NIST SP 800-82Cyber security standards and guidelines for federal information systems, including those for the bulk power system

Open Automated Demand Response (Open ADR) Price responsive and direct load control

OpenHANHome Area Network device communication, measurement, and control

ZigBee/HomePlug Smart Energy Profile Home Area Network (HAN) Device Communications and Information Model


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Smart Grid Project Background Transmission and Distribution (continued)

June 2009: First P2030 meeting with more than 300 attendees in person and remote access

2009: IEEE with P2030 positioned to address member and NIST recommendations


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IEEE P2030 Guide to Interoperability Body of Smart Grid Standards

Interoperability

Energy

Information

Communications

Energy

Information

Communications

Bridge of Discovery


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IEEE P2030, of Smart Grid StandardsDraft Guide for Smart Grid Interoperability of Energy Technology and Information Technology Operation with the Electric Power System (EPS), and End-Use Applications and Loads

Scope and Purpose

  • Scope: This document provides guidelines for smart grid interoperability. This guide provides a knowledge base addressing terminology, characteristics, functional performance and evaluation criteria, and the application of engineering principles for smart grid interoperability of the electric power system with end use applications and loads. The guide discusses alternate approaches to good practices for the smart grid.

  • Purpose: This standard provides guidelines in understanding and defining smart grid interoperability of the electric power system with end-use applications and loads. Integration of energy technology and information and communications technology is necessary to achieve seamless operation for electric generation, delivery, and end-use benefits to permit two way power flow with communication and control. Interconnection and intra-facing frameworks and strategies with design definitions are addressed in this standard, providing guidance in expanding the current knowledge base. This expanded knowledge base is needed as a key element in grid architectural designs and operation to promote a more reliable and flexible electric power system.

    http://grouper.ieee.org/groups/scc21/


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IEEE SCC21 P2030 Meeting of Smart Grid Standards

  • First meeting June 3-5; hosted by Intel

    • Over 300 in attendance (in-person and remote access)

  • Discussion, level setting, planning for future work. 

    • No motions and voting at the meeting

  • Three Task Force breakout sessions:

    • Power Engineering Technology Task Force

      • Leader: Sam Sciacca, Microsol, Inc. and Tom Prevost, Weidman Diagnostic Solutions

    • Information Technology Task Force

      • Leader: Bob Grow, Intel

    • Communications Technology Task Force

      • Leader: Stefano Galli, Panasonic R&D Co of America/Bob Heile, Chair-IEEE 802.15 and Zigbee Alliance

  • Task Forces to address:

    • Smart Grid Definitions, Topologies, Interoperability, end-use, interfaces, and integration, etc.)

    • Systems Approach –focused on Functional and Performance Attributes including Test and Verification methods


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IEEE SCC21 P2030 Meeting of Smart Grid Standards

  • Results: A lot of brainstorming and from that, some general conclusions; e.g.

    • IT had good support for starting with the NIST Design Expert Working Groups as initial demarcation points for separation of utility function from customers, generation facilities (including home generation), etc. 

  • There was general agreement that significant liaison between Task Forces will be required, e.g.

    • The Power Task Force will be requesting capabilities and proposing assumptions for the capabilities to be delivered by the Communications and IT TFs

  • All 3 Task Forces will be meeting either via teleconference or in-person prior to the next P2030 meeting

    • October timeframe, possibly hosted by IBM

  • Overall: a very positive and collaborative first meeting


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Task Force 1: of Smart Grid StandardsPower Engineering Technology

  • TF-1 will focus on functional requirements of interoperability

  • 6 Work Groups

    • Energy Sources

    • Transmission

    • Transmission Substation

    • Distribution

    • Load Side (Working Title)

    • Cybersecurity

  • Outreach for input/participation

  • Collaboration with TF-2 and TF-3

    Contact: Sam Sciacca samuels@microsol.com

    Tom Prevost tom.prevost@wicor.com


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Task Force 2: of Smart Grid StandardsInformation Technology

  • Privacy – support different ownership of data (aggregation enhances, high granularity compromises)

  • Security – intrusion prevention and detection, focused on demarcs

  • Data Integrity – undetected error requirements, communications and storage

  • Safety – human (support for overides), device and grid

  • Customer requires multi-manager (utility and customer) for both status and control

  • Begin with interfaces to define interoperability demarcation points

  • Also will consider “intrafaces” (within a cloud)

  • Focus on object-oriented device/function definitions

    • Accommodate “dumb” devices (aggregated)

    • Data structures, definitions and formats

      Contact: Bob Grow b.grow@ieee.org


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Task Force 3: of Smart Grid StandardsCommunications Technology

  • Task Forces 1 & 2

  • Define information attributes

    • (Where, When, Who, What)

A

B

PHY/MAC

  • Task Force 3

  • Addresses communications interoperability between devices within SmartGrid

  • Describe layers above PHY/MAC and below Layer 6

    • Neutral to PHY/MAC standards used in the Smart Grid

    • PHY/MAC standards are being developed by other groups

  • Interoperability of electric power systems with end use applications and loads should be maintained regardless of the PHY/MAC

Contact: Stefano Galli sgalli@research.panasonic.com

Bob Heile b.heile@ieee.org


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Observations of Smart Grid Standards

  • Smart grid Standards will extend across the entire grid (i.e., need interoperability standards (top down) and building block standards (bottom up).

  • Smart grid Equipment Standards will be needed to handle information data management, communications and control.

  • Flexible smart grid system Interoperability Design and operational Standards will allow near term and long term smart grid evolution.

  • Development of a body of Interoperability Smart grid Standards need to be initiated now.


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Global Commitment of Smart Grid Standards

  • Smart Grid standardization will be a broad global collaborative effort across multiple communities

    • Standards development organizations

    • Government organizations

    • Private sector


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For more information on IEEE’s 2030 Project of Smart Grid Standards

http://grouper.ieee.org/groups/scc21/2030/2030_index.html

  • ChairRichard DeBlasio (dick_deblasio@nrel.gov)National Renewable Energy Laboratory 303 275 4333 (phone)SecretaryThomas S. Basso (thomas_basso@nrel.gov)National Renewable Energy Laboratory303 275 3753 (phone)

  • Standards LiaisonBill Ash (w.ash@ieee.org)IEEE732 465 5828 (phone)