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Mozambique Maputo Overcoming obstacles serving the urban poor World Water Forum 5 Istanbul 16-22 March, 2009 Topic 5.3.1. Mozambique. Population: 20,530,714 habitants. FIPAG : Assets Holding and Investment Fund Created in 1998

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slide1

Mozambique

Maputo

Overcoming obstacles serving the urban poor

World Water Forum 5

Istanbul 16-22 March, 2009

Topic 5.3.1

slide2

Mozambique

Population:

20,530,714 habitants

FIPAG :

Assets Holding and Investment Fund

Created in 1998

Responsible for 14 Urban Utilities managed by two International Operators

slide3

Problems serving the urban poor

  • Informal settlement:
  • hard to build basic infra-structure
  • Drainage and sanitation problems:
  • protection of the network needed
  • Poor accessibility:
  • poor supervision and inefficient maintenance
  • Prone to illegal connections
  • Lack of addressing system:
  • Inadequate reading and invoicing

Consumers profile:

  • Low capacity to pay particularly the connection cost
  • Low consumption (around 5 m3/month) and constraints to pay consumption on a monthly basis
slide4

Maputo

Total population: 1.8 Milion

Peri-urban area

Expansion started in the year 2000

Population: 300.000

Growth rate: 6% to 10%

Not covered by the conventional network

Cement city

Population: 800.000

Growth rate: 1%

Conventional Network covered area

Peri-urban area

Expansion started in the 80´s

Population: 700.000

Growth rate: 2%

Partially covered by the conventional network

slide5

Response to water demand

SMALL SCALE INDEPENDENT PROVIDERS- SSIP

  • Serves the two expansion areas with own networks (purely private investment)
  • Informal

427 Small Systems

38000 PC and 300 Standpipes

350.000 served-20% coverage

  • Typical infrastructures: Boreholes, water tower and HDPE tanks and network
  • Primarily constructed to solve individual needs
  • Turned into a business due to demand
slide6

Response to water demand

  • Water Resale in yards:
    • Developed mainly in areas served by conventional network;
    • Informal activity;
    • Each yard tap serves around 50 households;
    • Charge per bucket (average 20 l capacity);
    • Inadequate with progressive tariffs.

Potential source of non-revenue water!

6

slide7

The way forward

1.Formalise these types of service delivery

The on going SSIP´s licensing process

2. Include these types of service delivery in planning, budgeting and negotiations with the Funding Agencies

Component 3 - Maputo Water Supply Project, funded by EIB, EU, AFD,ORET, Mozambican Government

3.Provide support to these providers to develop their activities

OBA Subsidy for poorest quintiles served by SSIP´s small systems

Technical assistance and study tours

4. Develop partnerships with other actors to complement Government funding

Water Aid and WSUP funding to extend secondary and tertiary network and capacity building

slide8

Partnership with WSUP

  • Develop and consolidate partnerships with the main stakeholders particularly FIPAG and the formal operator (AdeM)
  • Activities in areas with some reticulation but in poor working condition and badly structured
  • Total beneficiaries 162,000 people

Main Activities

Coordination meeting FIPAG-WSUP in London

  • Baseline surveys for water supply
  • Extension of secondary and tertiary networks
  • Construction of household and yard connections
  • Trainingandbuilding capacity ofa small private operator in a neighborhood within the leased area

Baseline survey- Questionnaire session

slide9

CHALLENGES

  • ensuring no backfire
  • Public interest protected
      • Engagement of the providers with long term perspective
      • Engagement of other partners: local institutions and funding agencies
      • Appropriate regulation and supervision
      • Long term sustainability REQUIRED!