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Interest Groups. American Democracy in Action. Characteristics. Organization with a structure that provides for leadership & guidelines Members share certain ideas or have a similar perspective that unites them in a common cause

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Interest groups

Interest Groups

American Democracy in Action


Characteristics
Characteristics

  • Organization with a structure that provides for leadership & guidelines

  • Members share certain ideas or have a similar perspective that unites them in a common cause

  • Seeks to influence public policy by lobbying for change by affecting the actions of government


Group effectiveness
Group Effectiveness

  • Size of organization (AARP)

    • American Association of Retired Persons

  • Geographic distribution (AAA)

    • American Automobile Association

  • Cohesion (AFL - CIO)

    • American Federation of Labor & Congress of Industrial Organizations

  • Intensity (NARAL - Pro-choice)

    • Nation Abortion Reproductive Rights Action League


Economic interest groups
Economic Interest Groups

  • Goal is to influence government economic policy

    • Chamber of Commerce of the United States

    • National Education Association

    • United Farm Workers of America

    • American Medical Association

    • AFL – CIO

    • ABA

    • AFBF


Social action groups
Social Action Groups

  • Attempt to bring change or reform society

  • Most commonly involved in changing laws that marginalize a particular group

    • National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)


Social action groups1
Social Action Groups

  • League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC)

  • National Congress of American Indians

  • National Conference of Catholic Bishops (NCCB)

  • Southern Law Poverty Center

  • American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU)


Social action groups2
Social Action Groups

  • Rainbow Push Coalition

  • American Foundation for AIDS Research (am fAR)

  • Catholic League

  • American Association of Retired Persons (AARP)

  • Ducks Unlimited


Social action groups3
Social Action Groups

  • National Audubon Society

  • Sierra Club

  • Amnesty International

  • National Organization of Women (NOW)

  • League of Women Voters


Single issue groups
Single Issue Groups

  • Focus primarily on one issue

    • Veterans of Foreign Wars

    • Planned Parenthood

    • NARAL Pro-Choice America

    • Center for Responsive Politics

    • National Coalition of the Homeless

    • Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD)


Single issue groups1
Single Issue Groups

  • National Rifle Association (NRA)

  • People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA)

  • American Automobile Association (AAA)

  • The Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence

  • National Right to Life Committee


Lobbying
Lobbying

  • Efforts to influence legislation or other government decisions through personal persuasion

    • Represent interest groups and corporations

    • Supply info to policy makers

    • Provide incentives for policy makers


Non lobbying techniques
Non-lobbying Techniques

  • Grassroots campaign

  • Litigation

    • Class action suit

    • Amicus curiae “friend of the court”

  • Initiative “petition”

  • Referendum


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