Chapter 2: European Colonies in America.
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The Big Picture: Following Columbus’ voyages, European nations competed to establish colonies in the Americas. By 1733 the English had founded a diverse group of colonies along the Atlantic Ocean seaboard. Their efforts, however, had disastrous consequences for the Native Americans.
Main Idea: In the 1500s and 1600s, European nations led by Spain, continued to explore, claim territory, and build settlements in America.
Ponce de Leon & Florida
Cortez and the Aztec
Main Idea: After several failures, the English established a permanent settlement at Jamestown, Virginia.
King James’ Charter
First Settlers and Captain Smith
The Headright System and the House of Burgesses
Main Idea: The Pilgrims founded colonies in Massachusetts based on Puritan religious ideals, while dissent led to the founding of other New England colonies.
Puritans and Separatists
“A City Upon A Hill”
Witchcraft Trials in Salem
Education and Government
Main Idea: Events in England during and after the English Civil War led to a new wave of colonization along the Atlantic coast south of New England.
Charles II and the Restoration